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bhuibD pRiqBf df mflk-prvysL syTI

- gurpRIq mfn
 

 

QIeytr, tI: vI, ilmF aqy klf dy Kyqr nfl juVI bhu rMgI sIaq prvy kumfr syTI, ijs nUM syTI mykawp vflf dy nfm nfl vI jfixaf jFdf hY, axvMzy pMjfb dy pRiswD ihr gujrFvflf ivwc 2 agsq, 1943 nUM RI ky: aYl: syTI dy Gr pYdf hoieaf. Aus ny swq sfl dI Aumr ivwc imlf ivwc iewk bfl klfkfr vjoN kMm kIqf. hYrfnI dI gwl qF ieh hY ik mykawp mYn vjoN afpxI iMdgI ivwc byimsfl pRiswDI Kwtx vfly ies klfkfr ny swq sfl dI Aumr ivwc Kyzy ies nftk ivwc afpxf mykawp vI afp hI kIqf. Aus idn qoN bfad Auh klf dy Kyqr ivwc pOVI dr pOVI AuWcf AuWTdf igaf aqy 58 sflF dy afpxy klfqmk-sMGr dy rFgly ieiqhfs ivwc inrMqr nvIaF bulMdIaF isrjdf igaf.
syTI ny mykawp mYn vjoN byimsfl pRiswDI hfsl kIqI aqy axigxq styj nftkF, tI: vI nftkF aqy ilmF ivwc afpxI mykawp dI klf dI DFk hI nf jmfeI, sgoN iewk aYktr aqy zfierYktr vjoN vI afpxI bhu-ibD pRiqBf dy dIdfr krf ky klf pRymIaF dy idlF aqy nrF nUM kIlI rwiKaf. inwkI-inwkI kwtI hoeI mihMdI rMgI dfhVI, bfrIk muwCF hyToN muskrfAuNdy hoNT, iqwKIaF pfrdrI awKF, cOVf ivfl mwQf aqy iKiVaf ichrf syTI dI hsUM-hsUM krdI iKVI sIaq df rFglf pihlU qF hY hI sgoN ieh rMg AusdI klf ivwcoN vI iKVy hoey nr afAuNdy hn.
syTI dy klfmeI jIvn qy sMKyp Jfq pfAuNidaF pqf lwgdf hY ik Aus ny 1961 ivwc afpxI iMdgI df pihlf nftk cMzIgVH ivwc Kyizaf. zf: virMdr mihMdIrwqf vwloN inrdyiq aqy gurUdyv ribMdr nfQ tYgor vwloN ilKq ies nftk df nfm mukq-Dfrf sI. prvy syTI ny cVHdI Aumry hI ieh mihsUs kr ilaf sI ik jy Ausny klf dy Kyqr ivwc bulMdIaF nUM Cohxf hY qF iesdI bfkfiedf iswiKaf pRfpq krnI aqy lgfqfr aiBafs krnf vI bhuq rUrI hY. iesy krky Ausny 1953 qoN 1956 qwk sonIpq ivwc mfstr hMs rfj ngInf qoN aiBnY klf dI rsmI tryinMg leI. ikAuNik Aus ivwc mykawp mYn vjoN sQfpq hox dI bVI pRbl qFG vI sI, ies leI Ausny idwlI dy nYnl skUl af zrfmf qoN 1962 ivwc pRoYsr ieMdU Go koloN ies Kyqr ivwc bfkfiedf qflIm aqy agvfeI hfisl kIqI. afpxI ies Xogqf dI klfmeI vrqoN dI bdOlq hI AusnUM pMjfb, hirafxf aqy cMzIgVH dy klfqmk hlikaF nfl juVy lok syTI mykawp vflf dy nfm nfl jfnx aqy ipafrn lwgy.
prvy syTI ny klf dy yqr dIaF mMnIaF pRmMnIaF hsqIaF nfl iewk aYktr aqy mykawp afritst vjoN kMm kIqf. iehnF hsqIaF ivwc blvMq gfrgI, mohx mhFirI, iafmf afnMd jwlx, Qfplfiel, Bfg isMG, zf: mihMdIrwqf, aYn: sI: Tfkur, rfxI blbIr kOr, zf: kumfr vrmf afid df nfm ilaf jf skdf hY. syTI ny iewk hfr qoN vwD nftkF ivwc afpxy aiBnY klf dy jOhr hI nhIN idKfey sgoN iehnF nftkF ivwc Bfg lYx vfly pfqrF df mykawp vI kIqf. iehnF ivwcoN kuwJ pRiswD nftkF dy nfm lhU df dfʒ, do prCfeIaF, aMDy hYN hm, rfxI ijMdF, asIN dUx svfey hoey, bMdf bhfdr, `cFdnI cONk qoN srhMd qwk, KfDf pIqf brbfd kIqf, kQf eyk kMs kI, ksqUrI imRg, fild kI flf, rfjf rsflU, ichry, dulfrI bfeI, mukq Dfrf, rfxI koklF, kI do sI lUxF df, eyk Qf gDf, Clyzf, GoVI ciVaf kuwbf, kort mfrl, iXU, duwlf BwtI, eyk aOr Gr, ibn dulhy kI bfrfq hn.
aYktr, zfierYkr aqy mykawpmYn vjoN jgq pRiswDI Kwt cuwikaf ieh klfkfr amrIkf aqy kYnyzf ivwc ies mksd leI awDI drjn qoN vwD vfr af ky afpxI klf dy jOhr idKf cuwkf hY. Ausdy klfqmk ieiqhfs df ibrqFq eynf vsIh hY ik asIN afpxy pfTkF nUM dfl coN dfxy vFg hI kuwJ iewk df ikr kr ky Ausdy hunr dy kmfl df dIdfr krfAuNdy hF. jspfl BwtI dy bhu-cricq tI: vI nftkF lOp oa aqy Aultf-pultf ivwc Ausny klfkfr vjoN qF kMm kIqf hI sgoN AUltf-pultf df mykawp vI syTI ny hI kIqf sI. ies qoN ielfvf vFitMz gurdfs mfn- zYWz aOr alfiev, bYz buafey, eyk aOr Gr, bMDk, gUMgI qfrIɒ, nkUȒ, kyv dwqf, imn qih, srpRsq, hostl eyk iMdgI (sfry ihMdI sIrIal) ivwc klfkfr vjoN vI Bfg ilaf aqy pihly iqMn df mykawp vI kIqf, ieMj hI hIr rFJf aqy ivCoVf nfm dy pMjfbI sIrIalF ivwc vI Ausny klfkfr vjoN Bfg ilaf. ies qoN ielfvf ubU aqy eyk crvfhf, bIrf ihMdI ilmF df mykawp vI kIqf aqy iehnF ivwc klfkfr vjoN Bfg vI ilaf. kMvr gurnfm isMG aYzvokyt, kwlm kwlf tfpU pMjfbI sIrIalF ivwc vI kMm kIqf.
ilm yqr ivwc vI AusdIaF pRfpqIaF mhwvpUrn hn. hId AUDm isMG, hnImUn, koeI rfh idwsy pMjfbI ilmF ivwc mykawp mYn aqy klfkfr vjoN kMm krn qoN ielfvf Ausny gurU mfinE gRMQ, vlfieqI bfbU, hId-ey-muhwbq, ivCoVf nfm dIaF ilmF ivwc aiBnY vI kIqf hY. jb vI mYWt aqy ds khfxIaF ivwc vI Ausny afpxI aiBnY klf df pRdrn kIqf hY.
qlf iewk aOrq dI, `cFdnI cONk qoN srhMd qwk, CqrIaF, asIN dUx svfey hoey, KfDf pIqf brbfd kIqf, GoVI ciVHaf kuwbf, RI gurU qyg bhfdur afid nftkF df inrdyn kr ky Ausny inrdyk vjoN hI afpxy afp nUM hI sQfpq nhIN kIqf, sgoN GoVI ciVHaf kuwbf, bhurUpIaf, nON pMdrF, KfDf pIqf brbfd kIqf nftk Ausny afp ilK ky nftk lyKk vjoN vI nfmxf Kwitaf hY. AusdI krVI imhnq, qpwisaf aqy hunrmMdI df kmfl hY ik AusnUM anykF anyk vfr bYst aYktr, zfierYktr, rfeItr aqy bYst mykawp mYn vjoN snmfinaf jf cuwkf hY. 2000 ivwc Ausny afpxy QIeytr jIvn dI awDI sdI pUrI kIqI, qF AusnUM klf dy Kyqr nfl juVIaF lgBg 20 sMsQfvF vwloN snmfinq kIqf igaf. 2002 ivwc AusnUM blrfj sfhnI purskfr imilaf aqy 2004 ivwc AusdI klf nUM mfnqf idMidaF styt aYvfrz pRdfn kIqf igaf.
ivdyF ivwc vI AusdI klf dI byhwd srfhxf kIqI geI aqy anykF ienfm snmfn vI idwqy gey. AusdI bhu-ibD pRiqBf qoN lfhf lYx leI AusnUM rfj-pwDrI aqy kOmI adfiraF vwloN mhwvpUrn uMmyvfrIaF aqy ahudydfrIaF vI sONpIaF jFdIaF rhIaF. awjkwl Auh cMzIgVH nftk akYzmI dy skwqr vjoN kfrjIl hY aqy nOrQ on klcrl sYNtr dI pRogrfm kmytI df mYNbr vI hY. rftrI pRiswDI vflf ieh klfkfr Bfrq dI sMgIq nftk akYzmI idwlI dI gvrinMg kONsl df mYNbr vI rih cuwkf hY. hflIvuwz ivwc jIss qy bxI ilm nUM pMjfbI aqy hirafxvI ivwc zwb krn df ishrf vI Ausdy isr jFdf hY.
prvy kumfr syTI awjkwlH pRiswD nftk buwlHf df inrdyx krn leI kYnyzf dy ihr torFto puwjf hoieaf hY. 23 agsq nUM brYNptn dy ro QIeytr ivwc hox vfly nftk ivwc buwlHf ivwc AusdI inrdyxI klf df afnMd kYnyzf vfsI mfx skxgy.

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