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do kivqfvF

 

- surjIq pfqr

sLbdF dI qfkq

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

myrf muwK mksd lokF qwk sMGr df sunyhf lY ky jfxf hY-gurrn isMG

 

- blbIr prvfnf

Auh ijsny lVxf hY Auh mYN ikAuN nhIN?

 

- suKpfl

smyN smyN df rfg

 

- ig[ sMqoK isMG

plyTI ikqfb -mfnisk FqI dI dumn

 

- govrDn gwbI

ijAUx jogy

 

- suKvMq kOr mfn

kuMzI fsqr

 

- rfjpfl sMDU isznI

kldfr

 

- rUp iZwloN

huMdy sn Auh vI idn

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

sfihq ivwc isafsq
GuMz cukfeI myrI ikqfb dI

 

- govrDn gwbI

smyN df Pyr'

 

- sR: hrdIp isMG Kflsf

vyy mYN qyry GVy dI mwCI aF

 

- joigMdr bfT

mY aqy myrIaF bImfrIaF

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

irm iJm prbq

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

mUn dI awK

 

- mohn BMzfrI

pRym pwqr

 

- mihMdr Btnfgr

hMugfry

 

 


myrf muwK mksd lokF qwk sMGr df sunyhf lY ky jfxf hY-gurrn isMG
- pyk: blbIr prvfnf

 

 

**myrf jnm 16 sqMbr 1929 nUM mulqfn ivKy hoieaf. EQy myry ipqf jI s: igafn isMG ilHy dy hYlQ asr sn. Auh aYm: bI: bI: aYs sn aqy zI: pI: aYc: dI izgrI AuhnF ny lMzn qoN kIqI hoeI sI. mYN afpxy pMj BrfvF aqy iewk BYx, sfiraF `coN Cotf hF. vwzy Brf s: avqfr isMG Oj ivwcoN krnl vjoN irtfier hoey, Aus qoN Coty srdfr hrBjn isMG cI ieMjInIar vjo, ieMdrjIq isMG mhUr zYNtl srjn sn aqy rimMdr isMG rylvy `c ieMjInIar. myrI iewko-iewk BYx mihMdr, pRo: rxDIr isMG hurF nfl ivafhI hoeI hY.
myry bfbf jI, s: surYx isMG pihly iswK iswiKaf-fsqrIaF `coN sn aqy cI lfsf dIvfn dy nyVy. Auh 1887 `c, pMjfb XUnIvristI dy pihly zbl grYjUeyt bxy. ipwCoN AuhnF ny aMgryI dI aYm: ey kIqI aqy yr aYl aYl bI; pr vkflq vwl jfx dI bjfey Auh iswiKaf dy Kyqr vwl afey. 1895 `c Auh flsf kfljIeyt skUl aMimRqsr dy ipRMsIpl bxy aqy ipwCoN flsf kflj aMimRqsr dy vfeIs ipRMsIpl bxy.
myry bcpn dy pihly ds sfl mulqfn `c hI bIqy aqy pihlIaF pMj jmfqF vI EQy hI pVHIaF. imltrI CfAuxI qy ilHf kyNdr hox krky, EQy eIsfeI imnrI skUl vI sn ijnHF df mfiDam aMgryI sI, pr myry bfp ny mYnUM imAUNspYltI dy skUl `c dfl krfieaf ijwQy pMjfbI pVHfeI jFdI sI. asIN mfl roz `qy rihMdy sF aqy ieh skUl sfzy Gr qoN kfI dUr, iewk BIV Bry ielfky `c pYNdf sI. ies skUl `c, mfstr eIr isMG sfnUM pMjfbI pVHfAuNdy sn. myry `qy AuhnF df bhuq pRBfv hY. bhuq imhnq krvfAuNdy sn Auh. nF smyN df iafl rwKdy sn aqy nf sQfn df. Auh ikqy vI hox, lgn hr vyly ividafrQIaF `c rihMdI sI jF skUl `c.
ies skUl `c myry nfl buwDvf pVHdf huMdf sI, jmFdfrF df muMzf. bhuq hI lfiek aqy hIn. myrI Aus nfl BfvyN bhuqI nyVqf qF nhIN sI, pr AuhdI ilafkq krky Auhdy qoN pRBfivq sF.
jdoN dUsrI sMsfr jMg lwg geI qF 1939 `c ipqf jI vlMtIar dy qOr `qy Oj `c cly gey. sfnUM mulqfn Cwz ky bfbf jI kol aMimRqsr afAuxf ipaf. awgy dI myrI skUlI pVHfeI, iewQy dy flsf kfljIeyt skUl ivwc hoeI.
jMg muwkx `qy 1945 `c ipqf jI muV mulqfn afpxy pihly ahudy qy prq afey qF asIN vI EQy cly gey. AudoN mYN kflj ivwc dfl ho cuwkf sF. iewk idn svyry mYN kflj jf irhf sF qF iks ny mYnUM kfkf jI kih ky afvf mfrI. myry sfhmxy buwDvf sI, sfeI syvkF vfly kwpVy pfeI, JfVU iVaf hoieaf. mYN AusnUM puwiCaf, ieh kI rUp bxfieaf hoieaf? qy pVHnf ikEN Cwz idwqf? Auhdf jvfb sI, asIN rIbF ny kI pVHnf huMdf jI? buwDvf nfl ieh mulfkfq myrI iMdgI dI sB qoN mhwqvpUrn Gtnf ho inwbVI, ijs ny myrI soc nUM burI qrHF JMjoiVaf. mYN amIrI LrIbI dy pfVy bfry socx lwgf qy ies pfVy krky ho rhy anrQF bfry vI, ijs krky buwDvf vrgy hIn idmfF nUM pVHn df mOkf nhIN imldf.
ieh Auh smF sI jdoN sfzy Gr pRIq lVI pVHI jFdI sI. vwzy Brf ieMdrjIq hurIN ey afeI aYs aY ivwc srgrm ho cuwky sn. AuhnF df ividafrQI lihr dy Aus vyly dy afgUaF jgjIq afnMd, nvqyj, dyv rfj cfnxf, rxDIr isMG hurF nfl bVf nyV sI. CotI BYx mihMdr, pRIq ngr dy aYktIivtI skUl `c pVHdI sI. Gr `c smfijk inaF aqy affdI dI gwl afm qurdI. ieMdrjIq hurF krky Gr `c sohx isMG jo, qyjf isMG suqMqr, bfbf Bknf, kfmryz tipaflf qy hor lIzr afAuNdy jFdy sn. keI vfr mIitMgF vI Gr `c hI huMdIaF. mYN BfvyN cfh-rotI PVfAux dI syvf hI krdf, pr kdI-kdI bihx df mOkf vI iml jFdf. keI nvyN svfl ihn `c Augmdy. iehnF sfry pRBfvF ny iml ky mYnUM vI kimAUinst lihr vwl iKwc ilaf aqy 1944 `c hI mYN kimAUinst pfrtI df mYNbr bx igaf sF jdoN hfly nOvIN jmfq `c pVH irhf sF.
iewk gwl hor; sfzy Gr dIaF rvfieqF nUM ieMdrjIq hurF ny iewk vwzf moV idwqf. AuhnF dI srgrmI qoN pihlF sfzf Gr aMgry hkUmq df hfmI sI, cI flsf dIvfn dI soc nfl bVf nyiVEN juiVaf hoieaf. pr ieMdrjIq hurF ies nUM sfmrfj-ivroD dI nvIN idf idwqI.
Gr `c BfvyN iswKI df pRBfv sI, pr hY sI Aus dy mfnvI srokfrF vfly pwK df iafdf. Gr `c bfbf jI dy vyly qoN aOrqF nUM brfbr df drjf sI. hr iewk nUM afpxf kMm afp krnf pYNdf. ieh nhIN ik koeI aOrq af ky ibsqry ivCfvy, jUTy brqn cuwky. asIN sB Brf afpxy kMm afpxy hwQIN krdy sF. ir Gr `c jfq-pfq dI vI koeI QF nhIN sI, koeI iBwt-CUh nhIN sI mMnI jFdI. fied iehI pRBfv hY ik myry BYx-BrfvF jF AuhnF dy agFh-pirvfrF `c koeI afpxI fq jF AuWp-fq afpxy nFa nfl nhIN ilKdf. pirvfrk iriqaF qoN bfhr fied hI koeI jfxdf hovy ik asIN BftIaf brfdrI nfl sMbMD rwKdy hF.
sfzf pirvfrk ipCokV ipMz rfm ngr ilHf guwjrFvflf df hY. myry bfp srdfr igafn isMG df jnm iewQy hI hoieaf sI. ipwCoN bfbf jI dI aMimRqsr nOkrI krky ir iewQy sYtl ho gey.
pfiksqfn bxn vyly asIN mulqfn hI sF. ipqf jI smJdy sn ik srhwdF qF keI vfr eyDr-EDr huMdIaF rihMdIaF hn, afbfdI `qy ies df koeI pRBfv nhIN pYx lwgf. jdoN pfiksqfn jF ihMdusqfn `c nOkrI krn dI mrI puwCI geI qF AuhnF ilK ky vI idwqf sI ik Auh mulqfn hI nOkrI krngy. mulqfn sI vI Fq aqy agsq dy urU qwk Fq hI irhf. pr jdoN eyDroN AuWjV ky gey rnfrQI AuWDr puwjxy urU ho gey qF irkU qxfa vDx lwgf. ieh dyK ky ipqf jI ny sfnUM BYx-BrfvF aqy mfqf jI nUM qF kfly nfl Oj dI surwiKaf aDIn 28 agsq nUM eyDr qor idwqf, pr afp EQy hI rhy. sfry kfly ny 8 sqMbr nuM vfhgf srhwd pfr kIqI. rsqy `c asIN bybhf kwt-vwZ aqy mOq df sihm nyiVEN qwikaf BfvyN ik Oj dI surwiKaf krky kfly AuWpr koeI hmlf nf hoieaf. aMimRqsr flsf kflj `c riAUjIaF df kYNp lwgf hoieaf sI. iewDr af asIN afpxy aMimRqsr vfly Gr `c rihx lwg pey, pr vlMtIar dy qOr `qy mYN qy BYx mihMdr, rnfrQI kYNp `c kMm krn jFdy. hor vI keI sn, ijnHF coN Bgq pUrn isMG, tIkfrfm sun, kuMqlf afid dI lgn qoN mYN pRBfivq hoieaf.
iewQy mYN, iewDroN mulslmfnF dIaF gwzIaF vwZIaF jFdIaF vI dyKIaF aqy EDroN ihMdUaF iswKF dIaF vwZIaF gwzIaF eyDr puwjIaF vI. aOrqF dI bypqI, bwicaF dI drdrnfk mOqvihq df nMgf nfc sI. pr ir vI kuwJ sn, jo ies vihI hnyrI dy ivruwD sn, ies nUM TwlH pfAux dI koiȒ c.
mYnUM Xfd hY, aMimRqsr dy hfl bffr `c ktVf jYml isMG `coN DUh ky ilaFdIaF nMgIaF muslmfn kuVIaF aqy nOjvfn aOrqF df jlUs kwiZaf igaf. jlUs dy iewk pfsy jQydfr AUDm isMG nfgoky sn aqy dUsry pfsy eIr isMG mJYl. nfl hiQafrbMd BIV, qmfbIn ctkfrIaF mfrdy. Aus vyly musfiPr hurF dI bytI rfijMdr kOr ny afpxIaF kuwJ sfQxF nfl jlUs awgy ho ky jQydfrF nUM ieh bMd krn leI ikhf. asIN kuwJ vflMtIar vI AuhnF dy nfl sF. jdoN Auh dlIl nf mMny qF rfijMdr kihx lwgI, jy qusIN iewk imMt `c iehnF nUM kwpVy nf puafey qF asIN vI kwpVy lfhux lwgIaF hF. ies gwl ny asr kIqf aqy Auh lIl idR bMd hoieaf.
irkU vihq df nfc aqy AuWQl-puwQl kuwJ Fq hoeI qF iMdgI muV afpxy rfh qlfx lwgI. mYN bI aYs sI dy pihly do sfl flsf kflj aMimRqsr qoN kIqy aqy qIsry sfl leI gOrimMt kflj huiafrpur jf ky dfl hoieaf, ijwQy AudoN pMjfb XUnIvristI dIaF klfsF lwgdIaF sn. ir 1951 `c aYm aYs sI tYknIkl kimstrI, idwlI qoN kIqI.
ajy aYm: aYs: sI df nqIjf nhIN sI inkilaf ik aMimRqsr dI irsrc ieMstIicAUt ivwc nOkrI iml geI aqy BfKVf nMgl jf ky izAUtI sMBfl leI. nMgl AuhnF idnF `c huiafrpur ilHy df ihwsf sI aqy iewQoN dI kimAUinst lihr df pMjfb `c AuWGf sQfn sI. kfmryz Bfg isMG swjx ilHf skwqr sn aqy bfkI dI tIm `c mfstr hrI isMG DUq, cMnx isMG DUq, zf: Bfg isMG, drn isMG kYnyzIan, bfbU gurb isMG afid hsqIaF. huiafrpur ilHy `c vI nMgl srgrmIaF df gVH sI. iewQy bhuqIaF mIitMgF myry Gr 5 -aYm blfk ivwc huMdIaF.
iewQy hI myrf pihlf myl juigMdr bfhrlf nfl hoieaf. bfhrlf dI agvfeI `c huiafrpur `c ieptf srgrmIaF dI vI ieh isr sI. nMgl ieptf vwloN nftk, bfhrlf dI agvfeI `c huMdy aqy asIN iehnF df pRbMD krdy. keI vfr Auh iksy nvyN nftk dIaF irhrslF vI iewQy hI krdy. ies krky mYnUM bhuq kuwJ nyiVEN vyKx/smJx df mOkf imilaf. nMgl sfzI kMm krn vflI tIm vI bVI cMgI sI. rfm pRkf kpUr, drn isMG, mihMdr isMG lUQrf, blbIr isMG qy mYNsunihrI smF sI ieh. iewQy ieptf vwloN ijhVy nftk huMdy sn, AuhnF df qF pRbMD hI krdy sF. ieh nftk afm krky joigMdr bfhrlf dI agvfeI ivwc huMdy. pRojYkt dI lybr klwb vwloN 15 agsq aqy 26 jnvrI dy smfmF `c asIN rUr nftk Kyzty. AudoN ajy nvIN nvIN affdI imlI sI. ieh dohvyN idn bVy Auqfh nfl pRojYkt qy mnfey jFdy. gIq-sMgIq huMdf aqy mnorMjn dIaF keI hor afeItmF. nftk sfzI stf klwb dI tIm KyzdI sI. ienF ivwc myry aqy myrI pqnI smyq amrIk, PulvMq mnocf, suIl afid vwK-vwK BUimkfvF inBfAuNdy. iewQy hI mYN 1955 `c pihlf nftk lohVI dI hVqfl iliKaf aqy Kyizaf. 1957 `c krqfr isMG duwgl df nftk dIvf buJ igaf myrI inrdynf hyT Kyizaf igaf. ieh pihlf nftk sI, ijsdf inrdyn mYN kIqf aqy ieh hI pihlf nftk sI, ijs ivwc mYN BUimkf vI inBfeI.
lohVI dy mOky AuWpr vrkrF vwloN kIqI geI hVqfl df kfrn ieh sI: BfKVf zYm AuWpr 24 GMty, 3 itF `c kMm cldf sI. pihlI it 8-4, ir 4-12 aqy 12-8 lohVI vfly idn vrkr cfhuMdy sn ik 4-12 vflI it `c, bhuq hI rUrq vflIaF QfvF dy vrkrF nUM Cwz ky bfkIaF nUM CuwtI dy idwqI jfvy qF ik Auh afpxy pirvfrF `c bih lohVI mfx skx. gMgf isMG (mIn aprytr) dI agvfeI `c, mdUrF ny ieh mMg aiDkfrIaF kol rwKI qF ies qoN nFh ho geI. ijs `qy mdUrF ny hVqfl kr idwqI, ijhVI ir keI idn qwk cwldI rhI. ies qoN pRBfivq ho ky mYN ieh nftk iliKaf. pihlF ies nUM mdUrF `c Kyizaf, ir stf klwb `c aqy ir afIsr klwb `c. nftk dyK ky pRojYkt df jnrl mYnyjr mYnUM kihMdf, myN ieh nftk pihlF vyiKaf huMdf qF nObq iewQoN qwk nhIN sI phuMcxI.
iPr myrf nftk ilKx qy Kyzx df islislf urU ho igaf. myrf nftk mylo myrf 134vF nftk hY. ieh nftk jdoN zfktr DrmvIr, iblfspur nOkrI krdf sI, qF EQy Aus ny lokF nfl iml ky ijhVy pROjYkt AulIky, isr cfVHy, AuhnF dI bfq pfAuNdf hY.
mYN jo kuwJ vI iliKaf hY, iswDf smwisaf aqy Aus dI lok pwKI phuMc nUM lY ky iliKaf hY. mYN afm lokF nUM smfjk vrqfry pRqI cyqMn krnf cfhuMdf hF. sfihq dI BUimkf cuwp-cfp, jo ainaF ho irhf hY, AusnUM dyKI jfx `c nhIN, sgoN Aus ilf srgrm dl-aMdfI `c hY, mYN ieh mMn ky qurdf hF.
awj ipwCy nUM Jfq mfrdf hF qF nMgl nfl juVIaF XfdF df iewk jmGtf idKfeI idMdf hY. ieh Auh smF sI jdoN mYN bhuq piVHaf. sfrf sfrf idn, sfrI sfrI rfq vI piVHaf hY. nMgl rihMidaF bhuq vwzy-vwzy smfmF df vI pRbMD kIqf. ieh hI Auh QF hY, ijwQy swiBafcfrk gqIivDIaF vwl afieaf, ijhVf ir iMdgI ir iMdgI Br df krm- yqr bx igaf. 1955 dI gwl hY. iewQy bulgfnn aqy urcyv afey. nfl sn Aus vyly dy pRDfn mMqrI pMizq jvfhr lfl nihrU. AuhnF dI do idnF mIitMg sI eyQy. AuhnF dy svfgq leI nMgl `c bVy vwzy pwDr `qy vrfietI pRogrfm dI Xojnf AulIkI geI. zyZ do mhIny pihlF hI ies dIaF iqafrIaF urU ho geIaF. iehdy ieMcfrj lok sMprk ivBfg vwloN Bfg isMG sn aqy pROjYkt vwloN mYN. Evrafl ieMcfrj afl ieMzIaf ryzIE dy zfierYktr sRI blvNq isMG afnMd sn. insicq idn pRogrfm qoN pihlF styj `qy zrYs irhrsl hoxI sI. mYN mIitMg `c ikhf ik agly idn qF surwiKaf kfrnF krky afm mdUrF nUM pRogrfm dyKx df mOkf nhIN imlxf, ikEN nf zrYWs irhrsl `c AuhnF nUM afAux idwqf jfvy ik Auh ies fndfr pRogrfm df afnMd mfx skx. ies `qy blvMq isMG afnMd kihx lwgy, mdUrF nUM klcr df kI pqf huMdf? ies nfl mYnUM bVI icV hoeI ik ijhVy mdUr eyzf vwzf pROjYkt Ausfr rhy hn, AuhnF pRqI ieh rvweIaf? dUsry idn jdoN pRogrfm ho igaf qF mYN lybr klwb vwloN klfkfrF nUM agly idn, afm mdUrF vfsqy pRogrfm py krn dI bynqI kIqI, ijhVI AuhnF mMn leI. bhuqy klfkfr ies pRogrfm leI ruk gey, ijnHF `c suirMdr kOr, Xmlf jwt, mnohr dIpk, rfxf isaflkotI, BMgVy aqy igwDy dIaF tImF fml sn aqy dUsry idn ijhVf pRogrfm py hoieaf aqy ijwzf vwzf iekwT hoieaf, Auh lfimsfl sI. pRogrfm dy aMq `qy mYN JolI awz ky klfkfrF dI mdd vfsqy kuwJ dyx leI ikhf qF 1117 rupey styj `qy hI iekwqr ho gey, ijhVI Aus vly iewk vwzI rkm sI, qy ies gwl df jvfb vI ik mdUrF nUM klcr df kI pqf huMdf?
iewk hor vfikaf hY. pROjYkt dI swjI surMg AusfrI dOrfn kulYps kr geI. ieh hfdsf rfq dy koeI 12 vjy dy lgBg vfpiraf. bhuq sfry mdUr mI ho gey. hfdsy qoN awDf GMtf ipwCoN pROjYkt dy jnrl mYnyjr vI zI copVf myry kuaftr afey, hfdsy bfry dwisaf aqy nfl hI ieh vI ikhf ijMny vwD qoN vwD sMBv hox, Un dyx dy iewCuk bMdy lY ky hspqfl phuMcF. mYN Ausy vyly, AuNj hI qur ipaf. sfQIaF nfl sMprk kIqf aqy awgy AuhnF afpxy Gyry `c. iewk GMty dy aMdr-aMdr ZfeI sO qoN vDyry mdUr Un dyx leI hspqfl phuMc cuwky sn. jnrl mYnyjr nUM afs vI nhIN sI ik eynI CyqI eyny bMdy iekwqr kIqy jf skxgy. ies qoN ipwCoN Auh myrI bhuq iewq krn lwg ipaf.
mYN iewQy hI nOkrI kr irhf sF jdoN nvF mfnf urU hoieaf. bhuq uI hoeI ik pihlf kimAUinst pypr hoNd ivwc af irhf hY. pihly kuwJ sfl mYN bfkfiedgI nfl, sfl `coN afpxI iewk mhIny dI qnfh nvF mfnf nUM PMz vjoN idMdf irhf hF. iewQy rihMidaF hI 1959 `c myrf kYlf kOr nfl ivah hoieaf. Gr dy ies ivafh nUM hIN sn cfhuMdy, pr mYN afpxy mF-bfp dI mrI dy Ault afpxy Ysly `qy zitaf irhf. ies krky mF-bfp jF koeI hor irqydfr ies ivafh `c fiml nf hoieaf.
jdoN myrI bdlI aMimRqsr ivwc hoeI qF zf: AuWpl iewQy sMsQf dy zfierYktr sn. nMgl `c myrIaF swiBafcfrk gqIivDIaF dI iBxk, eyQy myry qNo pihlF puwj cuwkI sI. afey nUM ajy kuwJ idn hoey sn ik iewk idn zf: AuWpl kihMdy, iewQy vI swiBafcfrk srgrmIaF nUM jfrI rwKo. so, ierIgyn irsrc ieMstIicAUt klwb bxfeI aqy ies vwloN nftk Kyizaf GuMmxGyrI. 1964 qwk ieh do vfr Kyizaf. ies ivwc crn isMG isMDrf, jiqMdr kOr, dljIq kOr, suirMdr rmf ny XfdgfrI BUimkfvF inBfeIaF. 1964 ivwc hrbMs isMG jI, guridafl isMG Puwl, qyjf isMG aqy zf: dljIq isMG nfl iml ky, aMimRqsr nftk klf kyNdr dI nINh rwKI. iehdf innf imiQaf igaf pMjfbI QIeytr nUM ivkfs dIaF lIhF `qy qornf aqy sfl `c Gwto-Gwt ds pykfrIaF rUr krnIaF. ies kyNdr vwloN asIN 1971 qwk swq sflF dy arsy dOrfn kxk dI bwlI, lohf kuwt, kysro, nMgI Duwp, sVk, kwcf GVf, ikMg imrf spyrf, suBwdrf, byby rfm BjnI, byeImfn, Audfs lok, lMmy smyN df nrk, lUxf, afhlxf qIlHo qIlH smyq kpUr isMG GuMmx dy bhuq sfry nftkF dy, Kyzy. afhlxf qIlHo qIlH dI bhuq DuMm peI. ieh idwlI vI Kyizaf, pitaflf vI aqy keI hor QfvF AuWpr vI.
1966 dI gwl hY. mYN blrfj sfhnI nUM icwTI ilKI ik sfzy nftk myly `qy afE. mYnUM nvqyj qoN pqf lwigaf sI ik blrfj ny idwlI afAuxf hY qy asIN afpxy nftk myly dIaF qrIkF Ausy ihsfb nfl rwKIaF sn. blrfj afieaf, Aus nUM irt hotl `c Tihrfieaf igaf. pihly idn asIN nftk Kyzy iewk kuVI iewk byrI, BfeI mMnf isMG dqr ivwc dUsry idn- mVHI df dIvf aqy lohf kuwt. blrfj sfzIaF pykfrIaF nfl eynf iewkimk ho igaf ik Aus hotl `coN smfn cuwk ir myry Gr af zyry lfey. 1968 `c Ausny myrI styj qoN iewk pfqrI pMjfbI nftk AuWprlI mMil dI pykfrI kIqI. ies dIaF irhrslF dOrfn mYN blrfj nUM imhnq kridaF qwikaf hY. nklI nwk lf ky (qF ik pCfixaF nf jf sky) Auh hr Aus QF igaf ijho-ijhI siQqI nftk `c afAuNdI sI. Aus nUM mYN rylvy lfeIn kMZy bih ky ryl gwzI dIaF afvfF typ kridaF vI qwikaf. blrfj ny mYnUM ikhf sI, klf vfsqy iksy bMdy koloN kdy pYsy mMgx nf jfvIN. klf dI iewk afpxI irspYkt hY aqy ieh hr hflq `c kfiem rihxI cfhIdI hY. blrfj dI ies gwl ny myry `qy bVf pRBfv pfieaf. mYN sdf afpxf nftk afm lokF qwk lY ky igaf hF. iksy vwzy bMdy dI AuzIk nhIN kIqI ik Auh af ky AudGftn kry.
1969 `c, gurU nfnk dyv jI dI pMj sO sflf jnm-qfbdI `qy asIN nftk iqafr kIqf ijn swc pwly hoie. pihlI vfr ieh qrnqfrn Kyizaf. drkF `c jsits gurnfm isMG muwK mMqrI vI sn aqy AuhnF dy pI: ey myjr isMG Auboky vI. Auh pykfrI qoN eynf pRBfivq hoey ik AuhnF styj qoN ikhf, ies nUM hr ipMz `c Kyizaf jfxf cfhIdf hY. pMcfieqF leI iqMn hfr ruipaf vI idwqf. ieh nftk ir mYN keI ipMzF dIaF pMcfieqF dy swdy `qy Kyzx igaf. aMimRqsr `c qF swdf-pwqr dyx qy drk Bfry-gOry ho ky afAuNdy sn, pr ipMzF `c TrIaF rfqF nUM lok kMbl dI buwkl mfrI awDI-awDI rfq qwk bYTy rihMdy. mYnUM lwgdf hY ik ipMzF `c iesy leI vDyry ihMsf hY ik AuhnF qwk muwidaF nUM sMvydnIl ZMg nfl ivcfrnf phuMicaf hI nhIN.
iehnF hI idnF `c, pMjfb `c nkslI lihr dI urUafq ho geI aqy nfl hI lihr AuWpr puils df jbr vI. mYN nkslI lihr qoN pRBfivq sF aqy iesy pRBfv aDIn smfijk muwidaF dy nfl-nfl puils jbr dy ivroD `c vI nftk Kyzx lwgf, ijnHF `c hor vI AuTsI mrd kf cylf, XfrVy df swQr, ijnHF swc pwly hoey, BgOqI dI kqI afid fiml sn. BgOqI dI kqI cyqMn rUp ivwc pihlI, nkslI lihr dy pRBfv aDIn nftkI pykfrI sI. ienF hI idnF `c mYN mihsUs kIqf ik pMjfb `c kimAUinst lihr ny jy lokF nfl nyiVEN juVnf hY qF ies nUM iswK-ieiqhfs dIaF mfnvvfdI aqy jbr-ivroDI KfVkU rvfieqF nUM apxfAuxf cfhIdf hY. myrI ies Dfrnf dI kimAUinstF dIaF rvfieqI iDrF vwloN aflocnf vI hoeI, pr mYN afpxI Dun `c zitaf irhf. BfvyN 1981 ivwc, jdoN awqvfdI lihr or PVHn lwgI qF ir mYN aijhy iviaF vfly nftk Kyzxy bMd kr idwqy ikAuNik mYN mihsUs kIqf ik ieh ikqy nf ikqy awqvfd nUM mdd phuMcf skdy hn.
asl ivwc mYN Bfvuk rUp `c mfrksvfd nUM svIkfiraf hY, ikrqI lokF df mukqI sMGrȒ agFh vDy ieh myrf supnf hY. qy ies ivwc kimAUinst lihr aMdrly mwqBydF leI bhuq Gwt QF hY.
1944 `c mYN sI: pI: afeI df mYNbr bixaf qF AudoN mYnUM 5 rupey mhIny df jyb rc imldf sI, ijs `coN dsvF ihwsf 50 pYsy mYN pfrtI lYvI vjoN idMdf. 1971 qwk mYN afpxI qnfh df dsvF ihwsf bfkfiedgI nfl lYvI vjoN hr pihlI nUM idMdf irhf hF. 1971 `c jdoN sI: pI: afeI: nUM Cwizaf qF iesdf vI iewk Bfvuk kfrn sI. aMimRqsr; c sI: pI: afeI aqy kFgrs vwloN sFJf jlsf hoiea. styj `qy kfmryz sqpfl zFg aqy kFgrs vwloN jYieMdr isMG bYTy sn. kfmryz zFg dI myry mn `c bhuq iewq hY. mYN styj mUhry bYTf hoieaf sF. jdoN jYieMdr bolx leI AuWiTaf qF mYnUM bhuq BYVf lwigaf. mYN AuWiTaf aqy bfhr af igaf.
nkslI lihr nfl pihlf sMbMD amrjIq cMdn rfhIN juiVaf. amrjIq cMdn sfeIklostfeIl prcf kwZdf huMdf sI dsqfvy˒. ies mYIn `coN hI mYN pihlI vfr pf dIaF kivqfvF pVHIaF sn. 1971 `c cMdn myry dqr `coN hI PiVaf igaf. Aus dI igRqfrI qoN ipwCoN puils vfly mYnUM PVH ky puwCigwC leI lY gey sn. Auh mYnUM hrBjn hlvfrvI aqy amrjIq cMdn bfry puwCdy rhy hflFik nf qF mYN Aus smyN qwk hlvfrvI nUM imilaf sF aqy nF hI lihr nfl jQybMdk rUp `c koeI sFJ sI. abfrF `coN pVH ky pRBfivq rUr sF. KYrpuwCigwC dOrfn myrI kuwtmfr qF koeI nf hoeI, pr puwCdy Gumf irf ky bhuq rhy AulJfAux leI. bfhroN dbfa pYx `qy fm qwk mYnUM Cwz idwqf igaf. ieh Gtnf myrI iMdgI df trinMg puafieMt sfbq hoeI. ies ipwCoN mYN hr Gtnf `qy rIaYkt krdf irhf hF cfhy Auh QfixaF `c nkslI kfrkuMnF `qy axmnuwKI qwdd sI, JUTy puils mukfbly qy jF ir AuhnF dy pirvfrF `qy jbr. 1975 qwk mYN pI aYs XU qy nOjuafn Bfrq sBf dy swdy `qy iewk-iewk idn cfr-cfr QF pykfrIaF vI kIqIaF. ieh nftk iswDI rfjsI cyqnf vfly huMdy.
26 jUn 1975 nUM aYmrjYNsI lwg geI. iehnF hI idnF `c pfiksqfn `c nm husYn swXd df nftk Cipaf qq lfhOr. ieh afXUb-fhI dy ivroD `c sI, pr qwq rUp `c sB qrHF dI qfnffhI dy ivroD ivwc. mYN ies nftk nUM Kyzx df Yslf kIqf. 9 sqMbr 1975 nUM ieh aMimRqsr nftk klf kyNdr dI styj qoN py kIqf. drkF `c aYs: aYs: pI jyjI smyq bhuq sfry puils vfly vI afey hoey sn. fied Auh afpxy nukqf ingHf qoN nftk vfc rhy sn. 9 sqMbr nUM ieh nftk Kyizaf aqy 11 sqMbr nUM mYnUM 311/2 Dfrf aDIn nOkrI qoN izsims kIqy jfx dy hukm iml gey. myry kol Aus vyly nf koeI jmHF pUMjI sI aqy nf hI afmdn df koeI hor sroq. bwcIaF cOQI aqy swqvIN ivwc pVH rhIaF sn. Aus vyly ipRQIpfl rMDfvf df jylH `coN mYnUM ruwkf imilaf, Bfa jI, ikr nf krnf, sfnUM quhfzf ikr hY. pI: aYs: XU vfilaF aqy nOjvfn sBfvF dy ieho ijhy hor sunyihaF ny vI myrf bVf hONslf vDfieaf. ir mYN Dfrimk muhfvry aDIn ikv kUVy qutY pfl, ieh lhU iksdf hY afid, aqy hId Bgq isMG dy nFa AuWpr ienklfb iMdfbfd afid nftk ipMz-ipMz jf ky Kyzy. ieh aiswDy rUp `c qfnffhI df ivroD krdy sn. 17 sqMbr 1976 nUM mYnUM jMmU XUnIvristI vwloN nftk Kyzx leI swidaf igaf. drkF `c jMmU-kmIr dy muwK-mMqrI y abduwlf aqy pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI igafnI Yl isMG vI bYTy sn. nftk mYN ikv kUVy qutY pfl Kyizaf. nftk muwkx `qy igafnI Yl isMG, y abduwlf dI hfrI `c styj qoN kihx lwgy, gurrn isMG qF pMjfb df hIrf hY. pr 21 sqMbr nUM mYN afpxIaF bwcIaF nUM skUloN lY ky af irhf sF qF mYnUM Qfxy sfhmxy rok ilaf igaf. AuWQoN skUtr `qy bwcIaF iewk ispfhI hI Gr Cwz ky igaf. mYnUM rfq hvflfq rwiKaf aqy dUsry idn jylH Byj idwqf.
ies vfr mYN 45 idn jylH `c irhf aqy do vfr pyI leI iljfieaf igaf. pihlI pyI `qy puls ny cfrjIt py kIqI ik gurrn iMG Kymkrn nyVy rylvy pul hyTF iqMn nOjuafnF nUM pul AuzfAux dI tryinMg dy irhf sI. cfrjIt pVH ky mYijstryt hws ky ivaMg nfl puils vfilaF nUM kihx lwgf, gurrn isMG dy nF qy qF koeI nftk df kys bxf idMdy. qIsrI pyI smyN 9 nvMbr nUM myrI irhfeI ho geI. AudoN qwk aYmrjYNsI vI kuwJ iZwlI pY geI sI. mYN bfhr af ky ir nftkI srgrmIaF `c ruwJ igaf.
1977 `c jnqf srkfr bxI qF mYN, gRih mMqrI cODrI crn isMG nUM afpxI nOkrI dy sMbMD ivwc imilaf. Auh svyry-svyry afpxf drbfr lfAuNdf sI, ijs dOrfn Aus nUM koeI vI iml skdf sI. jdNo mYN afpxy kys dI Aus nfl gwl kIqI qF Auh ivwcoN hI tok ky kihMdy, quhfzy kys df mYnUM pqf hY. CyqI hI quhfzI bhflI ho jfvygI. aMimRqsr afieaf qF hqy dy aMdr-aMdr mYnUM bhflI dy hukm iml gey aqy smyq izsims smyN dI sfrI qnfh dy.
1981 `c vDy bws ikrfieaF dy ivroD `c aMdoln AuWiTaf. aMdoln BiKaf qF iewk idn dqr ivwc iewk hOldfr mYnUM swdx af igaf ik quhfnUM Qfxy bulfieaf hY. mYN smJ igaf ik muV AuhI cwkr urU hox lwgf hY. mYN AusnUM bYTf dyK ky asqIf iliKaf. AudoN qwk myrI nOkrI dy 29 sfl pUry ho gey sn aqy mYN prI-mYicEr pYnn lYx df hwkdfr ho igaf sF. afpxy zfierYktr nUM asqIf PVf ky mYN Qfxy cilaf gaf. rfq hvflfq `c irhf, pr dUsry idn Cwz idwqf. qy AudoN qoN lY ky mYN sfrf smF nftk, smfijk qbdIlI leI lihr nUM smripq kr idwqf hY.
avfmI QIeytr (lokF df QIeytr), hflfq muqfbk isafsI sunyhf dyNdf hY. ieh QIeytr mn-prcfvy dy nfl-nfl lok-cyqnf nUM nvyN psfr dyx leI hY. jdoN asIN ipMzF `c gwizaF nUM joV ky bxfeI styj jF iksy QVHy nUM mMc vjoN vrq ky ieh krdy hF qF ieh QVHf QIeytr hY, ihrF `c ieh nuwkV hY. ieh sfry avfmI QIeytr dy rUp hn. pMjfbI `c ies avfmI QIeytr dI nINh ieptf ny rwKI sI.
mYN ieh mMn ky qurdf hF ik ajoky QIeytr nUM rfjnIqI qoN vwK kr ky nhIN vyiKaf jf skdf. pMjfb `c awj kyvl DflIvfl aqy afqmjIq bhuq vDIaf QIeytr kr rhy hn. iehnF nUM afDuink QIeytr dI smJ hY. rUrl QIeytr dy muhfvry df aOlK mfstr hY, pr AusdI zfierYkn kmor hY. lwKf lihrI, sYmUal, kumfr pvn dIp aqy sfihb isMG vI pUrI suihrdqf nfl nvyN cYilMjF dy rU-b-rU XqnIl hn.
ieptf lihr afpxI hoNd nUM brkrfr nf rwK skI. sB qoN pihlI gwl, pI sI joI vrgf ivakqIqv agvfeI leI nf irhf. ieptf lihr pI sI joI dI dyx hY. Auh ieptf dIaF kfnrMsF `c jFdf, nftk dyKdf, pUrI rUh nfl hr QF juVdf, ivcfr-vtFdrf krdf, bihsF huMdIaF. kI py krnf hY aqy ikvyN py krnf hY. Aus kol klkfrF nUM kihx dI smrwQf vI sI aqy swiBafcfrk lihr dI mhwqqf df igafn vI. ipwCoN afey Auhdy vfrsF nUM ies lihr dI mhwqqf `qy koeI XkIn sI aqy nf hI eynI smrwQf ik nvIN syD dy skdy. kyvl qfnffh rvweIey nfl jdoN hukm lwdx dI koi kIqI geI qF ieh KyrUM-KyrUM ho geI.
mYN jdoN pls mMc urU kIqf qF myry mn `c ieptf dy Auho sunihrI dOr df supnf sI. pr hflfq ijs qrHF dy sn AuhnF `c pls mMc kyvl nkslIaF qwk sIimq ho ky rih igaf, smUh Kwby-pwKI swiBafcfrk krmIaF nUM ieh afpxy klfvy `c nf lY sikaf. mYN koi `c hF ik KwbI lihr aMdrly ieh qMg rfjsI bYrIar qoVy jfx.
mYN hux qwk fied 6, 000 qoN vI vwD pykfrIaF kr cuwkf hF. 1971 qoN lY ky koeI idn hI aijhf huMdf hY, jdoN myrI tIm koeI pykfrI nf krdI hovy. bhuqI vfr iewko idn `c do-do, iqMn-iqMn QfvF AuWpr vI nftk Kyzy hn. sfzI ieh srgrmI nf aYmrjYNsI dOrfn bMd hoeI aqy nf awqvfd dy dOr ivwc. mYN ieh vI mfx nfl kih skdf hF ik sfzI awj qwk iewk vI pykfrI lfp nhIN hoeI. ieh hoieaf hY ik iksy QF drk Gwt hox, pr ieh kdy nhIN hoieaf ik nftk cwldy `c drk AuWT ky gey hox. BfvyN QIeytr hovy qy BfvyN ikqfb- myrf muwK mMqv lokF qwk sunyhf lY ky jfxf hY, nf ijAUx Xog iMdgI nUM bdlx dI cyqnf pYdf krnI.
1971 dI gwl hY. blrfj sfhnI nUM Bff ivBfg pMjfb df RomxI sfihqkfr df 5100 rupey df ienfm imilaf. cMzIgVH smfgm ivwc AuhnF nUM, ieh rkm ijvyN pYkt ivwc imlI sI, AuhnF mYnUM PVf idwqI sI ik ies nUM ikqfb klcr leI pRmot krn vfsqy vrqFgy. Gr af ky mYN pYkt KoilHaf qF ies ivwcoN 5700 rupey inkly. ieh rkm kuwJ dyr myry kol peI rhI.
ivsfKI `qy blrfj ny blrfj ny aMimRqsr afAuxf sI. Aus ny mYnUM iliKaf ik pRIq ngr vfly Gr `c do ikqfbF vfly rYk iBjvf idaF aqy kuwJ mfVI motI irpyar krvf idaF. ies `qy 2800 rupey rc afey. kudrqI ijs nfl blrfj ny afAuxf sI, AusdI mOq ho geI. ipwCoN mYN AuhnF dI pqnI sMqo jI nUM iliKaf ik blrfj hurF dy pYsy myry kol pey hn. AuhnF ikhf ik ijs kMm leI quhfnUM dy gey sn, AuvyN vrqo. ies rkm ny ikqfbF Cfpx dy muwZly PMz vjoN BUimkf inBfeI. ipwCoN kuwJ hor rkmF jmHF huMdIaF geIaF. blrfj sfhnI XfdgfrI pRkfn nUM awj ies gwl AuWqy mfx hY ik Auh hux qwk 217 tfeItl Cfp cuwkf hY. qy ieh vDIaf ikqfbF, isr lfeibryrIaF `c zMp krn leI nhIN, afm lokF qwk lY ky jfx dy Audy nfl CfpIaF hn aqy afm lokF qwk phuMcfeIaF vI hn. mYN pihlI ikqfb pf dI loh-kQf CfpIO. ies df KrVf sMq sMDU myry kol lY ky afieaf sI. pf Aus smyN jylH `c sI. sMq sMDU dI sIs qlI `qy CfpI. ir qF islislf cwldf hI igaf, jo awj vI cwl irhf hY. myry sfhmxy ikqfbF ieMj lokF qwk lY ky jfx df pihlf mfzl pMjfb buwk sYNtr dI kfrj YlI sI.
pMjfb dI nkslI lihr dy jQybMdk afgUaF nfloN ies dy lyKk, swiBafcfrk krmI vDyry cricq hoey hn. ies df vwzf kfrn qF pfrtI df aMzr-grfAUNz hoxf sI. pfrtI dI KuwlHI jnqk srgrmI Gwt sI ijs kfrn afgUaF nUM lokF qwk jfx df mOkf vI Gwt imilaf. BfvyN lyKk vI aMzr-grfAUNz sn, pr AuhnF dIaF ilqF vwK-vwK mfiDamF rfhIN lokF qwk phuMcdIaF rhIaF. dsqfvy˒ rohly bfx, mF, isafV afid pricaF ny vI lihr dy lyKkF dI gwl, afm lokF qwk lY ky jfx `c vwzI BUimkf inBfeI. swiBafcfrk rMt AuWpr vI srgrmI bhuq sI. asl `c ieh hI KuwlHf jnqk rMt sI ijs rfhIN isafsI gwl vI kIqI jFdI sI. so ies nfl ijhVy klfkfr juVy hoey sn, AuhnF df nFa vI lokF qwk jfxf hI sI.

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