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sun surjIq pfqr dy / ardfs

 

- surjIq pfqr

isrV qy isdk dy bfvjUd ivfl lok lihr nf AuWsr skI sfQoN

 

- jgjIq isMG afnMd

jdoN mYN ieMdrf gFDI srkfr dy qq nUM AultfAux dI fijȒ rcI.

 

- ajmyr isMG aOlK

kvIrI nf pihlI CyVKfnI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

kuJ ichry

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

myrf ipMz aqy myrI mF

 

- amIn milk

bdly rMg smyN dy
ruldU rfm df dfa

 

- bUtf isMG cOhfn

GuwgU GuigafxvI

 

- cUhV isMG bwjoN

dosqI leI viDaf hwQ

 

- sfDU ibinMg

idl vflf duKVf

 

- jsvMq isMG GirMzf

rMgmMc dy sPLr qy

 

- hIrf isMG rMDfvf

afvin aTqrY jfin sqfnvY

 

- BfeI hrpfl isMG ksUr

ikfrI ik ikfr?

 

- kml kMg

pfry df lwzU

 

- guirMdr Zwt

ibMb, bMb aqy kivqf
 

- AuNkfrpRIwq

pMjfbIaF ivc aMgryF dI ajIbo grIb nsl

 

-zf[ ruipMdr jIq igwl

KLrIaF-KLrIaF
kI bxUM lyKkF df[[[?

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYrON

awsI sflf gwBrU- jgq isMG jwgf

 

- iekbfl mfhl

ieAuN qF jwgoN sIr muwk jU

 

- zf[ blivMdr kOr brfV

kMjkF df pfT kridaF

 

- joigMdr bfT hOlYz

sYks-vfqsfien, Prfiez qoN Eo qwk
sYks aqy mnuwKI jIvn

 

- jsvIr dusFJ

jdoN mYN "kfiql" bxdf bxdf bicaf

 

- surjIq Bgq

mF

 

- sMqoK DflIvfl

lVIvfr nfvl
prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

mn-bcn-krm qoN swc kohF dUr

 

- ipRMsIpl jgjIq isMG

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

ivaMg / "koeI hor skIm nHI iqafr kIqI ? "

 

- ivcrn jwgI kuwsf

rfjf kRnfl

 

- seId Butf

afpxf dy ikhVf hY?
 

- hrkIrq sMDr

pihlI Xfqrf pfiksqfn dI
 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

quhfzy KLq


isrV qy isdk dy bfvjUd ivfl lok lihr nf AuWsr skI sfQoN
- jgjIq isMG afnMd
 

 

cyqy dy srovr c cuwBI mfrdf hF qF pihl-plwkVy idn Xfd af jFdy hn qy hor bhuq kuwJ vI. Blf mYN kimAUinst ikAuN bixaf?
aMzymfn qy hor doKI jylHF ivwc jvfnIaF gf ky bfhr afAux vfly drI sUrbIrF ny vI aqy anuUIln qy XugFqr vrgIaF XrkfAU lihrF dy bMgflI ienklfbIaF ivwcoN keI sfiraF ny kimAUinst pfrtI vwl hI mUMh ikAuN kIqf? AunHF qoN ielfvf aMgryF dI vlYq ivwcoN AuWcIaF pVHfeIaF kr ky afAux vfly vwzy lokF dy puwqF ny vI dys prq ky ieh rfh ikAuN cuixaf?mYnUM qF afpxy inwjI jIvn qjrby qoN ieh lwBdf hY ik asIN lok aMgryI rfj qoN vfl-vfl duKI sF aqy rMgI nUM CyqI qoN CyqI swq smuMdroN pfr phuMcfAux leI Auqfvly sF. quiraf sF mYN pRoYsr (ipwCoN ipRMsIpl) inrMjx isMG jI vwloN AulQfeI mhfqmf gFDI dI svY-jIvnI swq dI pRfpqI dy Xqn qoN. ipRM[ sfihb mfstr qfrf isMG jI dy sky Brf sn, AunHF qoN Coty aqy ivcfrF vwloN AunHf qoN Zyr vwKry. pwky gFDIvfdI, pwky KwdrDfrI aqy pwky iswK huMdy hoey vI irkfpRsqI qoN AuWpr AuWT ky socx vfly sn Auh. prvfrk sFJ kfrn poKf AunHf df BfvyN myry AuWqy vI ipaf sI, pr jdoN mYN drI bfibaF dy nfm-lyvy ikrqIaF dy sMprk ivwc afieaf, gFDIvfd df jfdU lwQ igaf. pihlF-pihl jvfhr lfl nihrU dI svY jIvnI aqy ipqf vwloN DI nUM icwTIaF ny mYnUM qkVf pRBfvq kIqf. iewk kdm hor awgy vD ky jvfhr lfl nfloN suBf bos mn nUM vwD BfAux lwgf, ikAuNik jvfhr lfl qF afpxI rOn soc dy bfvjUd nbyVy dI GVI gFDI jI awgy Juk jFdf sI, pr suBf bos aiVaf rihMdf. suBf jdoN gFDI jI dy AumIdvfr pwtfBI sIqf rmweIaf nUM hrf ky kFgrs df pRDfn cuixaf igaf, asIN sfry DMn-DMn ho AuWTy. pr iewk qF suBf bos afpxI ijwq nUM mMqkI nqIjy qwk phuMcfAux qoN pihlF hI gFDI jI awgy Juk igaf, qy dUjy Aus ny nfgpur jf dysI srmfeydfrF dI jQybMdI aMdr aijhI qkrIr kr mfrI ik sfnUM Aus df ienklfbIpuxf JMivaf-JMivaf Bfsx lwgf. AuprMq QoVHf icr aYWm aYWn rfey dI isafsI BgqI df udf vI irhf, ijhVf zf[ mulk rfj afnMd ny vlYqoN af ky gOrimMt kflj lfhOr ivwc lfeI sfzI coxvyN pfiVHaF dI mIitMg ivwc lfihaf. Aus ny aijhf joiVaf sfnUM lfhOr dI ividafrQI lihr dy mohrIaF nUM hqfvfrI prcy nYnl rMt qy Aus dy sMpfdk pI sI joI nfl, ik gwl swBy duafr Coz kr, afieAu quhfry duafr vflI bx geI. kimAUinst pfrtI dy aijhy lV lwgy, Kfs kr ky pI sI joI, dy ik hflq ieh jnm qumhfry lyKy vflI ho inbVI.
ieh qF myrI inwjI gfQf hY, pr ieho bxI drI bfibaF dI vI, bwbr akflI lihr dy moZIaF dI vI, Bgq isMG dy sfQIaF dI vI aqy pMjfb qoN lY ky klkwqy qwk isrF qy KwPx bMnH qury keI XrkfAUaF qy hor axKIly nOjvfnF dI vI.
socdf hF: ieh ikAuN hoieaf ik sB ienklfbI lihrF dy juJfrU XoDy aMq nUM kimAUinst pfrtI dy JMzy hyT hI juV gey, aqy ieh vI ikAuN hoieaf ik ijs pfrtI ivwc mxF-mUMhI kurbfnIaF krn vfly sBnF ienklfbI lihrF dy sUrmy afx juVy sn, aMq nUM Auh ies hfl nUM ikAuN phuMc geI ik zINgF asIN BfvyN ijMnIaF mrI pey mfrIey, ipCly nyVly sflF qoN ies dI hr vMngI suMgVdI hI geI hY, isvfey pwCmI bMgfl dI mfrksI pfrtI dy? aqy Auh pfrtI vI hY ik ijs ny jwPf qF rfj dI qfkq AuWqy hor qoN hor qkiVaF krI rwiKaf hY, pr ZMg-qrIky Aus dy muwr aihmd, bMikm mukrjI, BvfnI syn qy rfnyn syn vrigaF dy idnF nfloN Zyr vwKry ho gey hn.
hor qF hor jdoN zUMGI nIJ nfl afpxI ipClI kIqI-kwqrI AuWqy nr mfrdf hF qF ieho gwl lwBdI hY ik kimAUinst isDFq nfl vI KUb mwQf mfiraf, kimUinst pfrtI sovIaq XUnIan (bflivk) dy sMKyp ieiqhfs nUM vI iewk isirEN dUjy isry qwk AulQfieaf, irportF vI sovIaq kimAUinst pfrtI dIaF keI AulQfeIaF qy sfrIaF pVHIaF pr qd vI shI mfrkism dIaF pihlIaF pMj-swq jmfqF qoN vwD nf pfs kr sikaf.
mfrksvfd hY siQqIaF nUM, AunHF dy bdldy pRsMg ivwc, sB pwKF qoN smJxf-ivcfrnf. ieh quhfzf mwQf qF rOn kr idMdf hY, pr awKF jy AuWKVy-puwKVy rfhF qy qurn lwigaF pYNzy AuWqy nf lfeIaF jfx qF kdy pYr Kuwz ivwc jf peygf, kdy afz ivwc, aqy kdy-kdfeI qF inwky ijhy Tyzy nfl pwky QF cuPfl izwg ky mUMh-mwQf vI pVvf bYTFgy. ieh vihm mYnUM hux vI nhIN ik awj dI socxI pwkI pRoZ hY. pr jo hux smJ pYNdf hY, Aus qoN ieh lwgdf hY ik asIN afpxy dys dy ipwCy qy Aus dIaF hkIkqF nUM pCfxn dI QF lfhOr dy simaF ivwc qF brqfnIaf dI kimAUinst pfrtI dIaF srgrmIaF qy ilKqF nUM hI suwcf iGE smJ ky AunHF dy Guwt Brdy rhy, aqy dys afd hox ipwCoN ijhVf clMq mfrksI iltrycr hwQ afAuNdf irhf, sxy stfiln vyly dIaF jynyitks bfry bihsF dy, Aus ivwc hI isr GsoVI rwKdy rhy.
ies gwl dI smJ qF vfhvf pihlF pY geI sI ik asIN BfrqI smfj dy asloN ivkoilqry vrqfry nUM kdy vI ghu nfl nf vficaf-smiJaf, jfq-vrx qoN AuWTy Byd-Bfv vfly aqy isry dI nf-iensfI vfly nUM, ijs kfrn asIN Bfrq dy sB qoN vwD luwty-puwty dilq-smfjI ihwsy ivwc pYr hI nf jmf sky. pr ies gwl dI smJ vfhvf pCyqI peI ik sdIaF qoN gulfmI dI boJl Cwt hyT ipsdy sfry lokF dIaF kOmpRsqI dIaF BfvnfvF iqRskfrn vflIaF nhIN sn, sgoN iewk hkIkI ienklfb dI puror cflk kqI vjoN smJx vflIaF sn.
gwlF qF tuwtvyN pRsMg ivwc hI prosIaF jf rhIaF hn, pr mYnUM cMgf cyqf hY ik jdoN dUjI sMsfr jMg dy idnIN lihrygfgy kol dy kfl bxjfry vflf iBaMkr sfkf vfpiraf, ijs ivwcoN ibsvydfrF dy lgfiVaF ny do muslmfnF smyq Cy lwTy vrgy jvfn hl-vfhk hId kr idwqy sn, afgUaF Drm isMG Pwkr, jMgIr isMG jogy qy hrcMd isMG BdOV vrigaF nUM asIN ihtlrfhI ivroDI lVfeI df vfsqf pf ky ibsvydfrI ivruwD jMgjU sMGr qoN hoVdy rhy, hflFik Auh qy AunHF vrgy hor afgU (bfbf hrnfm isMG drmgV, kfmryz kOr isMG mOV qy GuMmx isMG AugrfhF afid) puwCdy sn ik pitaflf irafsq dy ibsvydfrF ivruwD iswDf-sfhvF Gol stfilngrfz dy morcy nUM ikvyN kmor krygf?
jdoN ihtlr ny jUn 1941 ivwc sovIaq XUnIan AuWqy hwlf bol idwqf, pr kfmryz pI sI joI ny pfrtI nUM aMgryF ivruwD lVfeI CyVI rwKx vflI nIqI nf bdlI, qF asIN jylHF aMdroN afeIaF zFgy, Gfty aqy ajy Go vrgy sfQIaF dIaF dsqfvyF dy aDfr AuWqy afpxI jMg ivroDI pfilsI nUM bdl ky jnqk jMg vflI pfilsI qF apxf leI, pr Aus nUM lfgU asF aYsy iewk-pfsV ZMg nfl kIqf ik dys nUM idl dIaF zUMGfxF qwk vdfr hox dy bfvjUd 42 dI lihr dy gwdfr grdfny jfx lwgy. ieh gwl qF asIN ipwCoN jf ky pCfx leI ik sfzI soc qy sfzf inrxf buinafdI qOr qy TIk hox dy bfvjUd, sfzy ZMg-qrIky gFDI jI dy kro jF mro vfly hoky AuprMq vfpry hflfq ivwc lokF dy hfvF-BfvF nUM smJx pwKoN asloN AUxy-pOxy rhy. pr ieh gwl asF kdy imwQ ky nf ivcfrI ik pI sI joI df afpxf pihlf stYNz mfrksvfd dI Gwt soJI qoN nhIN sI Aupijaf, sgoN dys dy lokF dI kOmI BfvnfvF dI vDyry zUMGI pCfx dI dyx sI.
iesy qrHF mYnUM ieh gwl vI Xfd afAuNdI hY ik jdoN kOmIaqF dy svfl dy sfry pihlUaF nUM sfhmxy rwKx dI QF Dfrimk pCfx AuWqy vDyry or dy ky pihlF asF muslmfnF nUM iewk vwKrI kOm krfr dy idwqf aqy kFgrs musilm lIg eyk hY vfly pYNqVy nUM hI jMg dy smyN dys dy ihwqF nUM awgy vDfAux vflf iewko-iewk vsIlf smJ ilaf, qF asIN aslIaq qoN ikMny dUr jF Kloqy sF.
iesy smJ dI hI dyx sI ik zf[ aiDkfrI df iliKaf iswKF nUM vI iewk kOm krfr dyx vflf QIiss, ijs nUM kfmryz hrikn isMG surjIq dy nFa hyT afd iswK dys BUmIaF vfly ikqfbcy dy rUp ivwc Cfipaf aqy vMizaf igaf. bfad ivwc ies ilKq dy kfrn hI sfnUM kimAUinstF nUM KfilsqfnI lihr dy ipqfmf grdfinaf igaf.
kuJ gwlF hor vI Xfd afAuNdIaF hn. pihlI ieh ik jdoN kfmryz Bgq isMG iblgf ny zfktr aiDkfrI dI kOmIaqF nUM Dfrimk ivvfsF nfl Klq-mlq krn vflI lfeIn nUM kbUlx qoN nkfr kr idwqf, qF Aus nUM eynf koisaf-iqRskfiraf igaf iewk jnrl bfzI mIitMg ivwc, ik Auh duKI ho ky afpxy ipMz iblgy dI vlgx ivwc dUjI vfr jUh-bMd ho bYTf. pihlI vfr qF Aus dy rUsoN muVn aqy aMgryI ulm df infnf bxn AuprMq vyly dy PrMgI hfkmF ny jbrI jUh-bMd kIqf sI, pr ies vfr Auh pfrtI pfilsI qoN duKI ho ky afp hI ipMz dI kYd jogf jf bixaf.
aglI gwl, asIN ijhVy lok afey sF ividafrQI lihr ivwcoN, jF iPr vlfieqoN pVH ky afey kimAUinst buwDIjIvIaF dy pRBfv hyT, iswDy kimAUinst pfrtI ivwc, afpxy-afp nUM vDIaf mfrksvfdI smJdy sF. pr drI bfibaF bfry afpxI ieh mMdBfvnf asIN msF hI lukf skdy sF ik ienklfbI qF Auh rUr hn pr inry kOmpRsq, jmfqI sMGr dI AunHF nUM sUJ hI nhIN. hux ieh soc ky rimMdgI afAuNdI hY ik hY qF sF asIN afp iewk gulfm dys dI sB qoN kqIflI ienklfbI Bfvnf-kOm dI afdI Kfqr mr-imtx dI Bfvnf-nUM smJx qy jfnx dy pwKoN loVINdI sUJ qoN swKxy, pr afpxy mfrksI pMzqfAUpuxy dy GumMz nfl afPry hoey do dyBgq bfibaF nUM dyNdy sF.
cyqy afAuNdf hY ik ikvyN asIN isaflkot jf ky pfrtI dy cubfry vfly dPqr dy Cwjy AuqoN hyTF bfr ivwcoN lMG rhy musilmlIg dy jlUs dy hwk ivwc AudoN nfary mfry sn, jdoN lIg ny pfiksqfn vflf mqf nvF-nvF pfs kIqf sI. asIN nfhry mfrIey, hwky udierfdIaq-iMdfbfd dy, qy jlUs vfly hyToN AuWpr ibwt-ibwt qwkx ik ieh ho kI irhf hY. pr jdoN sfzy ivwcoN iewk ny KuwlH ky nfarf mfiraf pfiksqfn-iMdfbfd vflf, sfrf jlUs KuI nfl KIvf ho AuWiTaf qy muwky vwt-vwt ky sfnUM slfmF krn lwgf. jMizafly dI Auh sUbf iksfn kfnrMs vI Xfd afAuNdI hY ijs dI styj qoN kfmryz sohx isMG jo ny pfiksqfn iMdfbfd dy nfhry luafey sn aqy sfQI suqMqr ny prBfvflI ivafiKaf kIqI sI pfrtI dy ies pYNqVy dI. pr aMq nUM pqf jy nqIjf kI inkilaf sI? Aus kfmryz sohx isMG jo dI vI 1946 vflIaF asMblI coxF ivwc mfnq bq ho geI, ijs ny Aus qoN pihlF 1937 ivwc afpxy Ausy hlky qoN pMjfb dy sB qoN vwzy jgIrdfr rfjf sr rGbIr isMG nUM icwq kIqf sI aqy Auh kfmryz qyjf isMG suqMqr vI afpxy gurdfspur dy jwdI hlky ivwcoN mfnq bq krvf bYTf, ijs nUM lokF ny 8 sfl pihlF lfhOr dy ilHy qoN imnI cox mOky ibnF-mukfblf asMblI dIaF dihlIF tpfeIaF sn. BfvyN afdI qoN ipwCoN hoeIaF pihlIaF asMblI coxF 1952 vflIaF mOky asIN kfI sMBl gey qy asF cMgIaF ijwqF pRfpq kIqIaF, pr sfzI Aulfr pfilsI ivruwD iewk vfr qF 1946 dIaF coxF smyN lokF ny eynf krfrf Jtkf idwqf sI ik asIN BONck ho ky rih gey sF.
ieh qy hor bhuq kuwJ jdoN cyqy dy icwqrpt AuWqy AuWBrdf hY, qF ivgocf ies gwl df KfeI jFdf hY ik afpxy dys dIaF hkIkqF nUM smJx ivwc vI jy asIN sfvyN qul skdy pfrtI JMzy hyT juVy XoiDaF dIaF kurbfnIaF dy, qF Bfrq dI kimAUinst lihr vI cIn dI lihr vFg hI srb-ivafpk qy srbipRX ho inbVxI sI.
(Cp rhI ikqfb kimAUinst lihr dy aMg-sMg coN)

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