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sun surjIq pfqr dy / ardfs

 

- surjIq pfqr

isrV qy isdk dy bfvjUd ivfl lok lihr nf AuWsr skI sfQoN

 

- jgjIq isMG afnMd

jdoN mYN ieMdrf gFDI srkfr dy qq nUM AultfAux dI fijȒ rcI.

 

- ajmyr isMG aOlK

kvIrI nf pihlI CyVKfnI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

kuJ ichry

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

myrf ipMz aqy myrI mF

 

- amIn milk

bdly rMg smyN dy
ruldU rfm df dfa

 

- bUtf isMG cOhfn

GuwgU GuigafxvI

 

- cUhV isMG bwjoN

dosqI leI viDaf hwQ

 

- sfDU ibinMg

idl vflf duKVf

 

- jsvMq isMG GirMzf

rMgmMc dy sPLr qy

 

- hIrf isMG rMDfvf

afvin aTqrY jfin sqfnvY

 

- BfeI hrpfl isMG ksUr

ikfrI ik ikfr?

 

- kml kMg

pfry df lwzU

 

- guirMdr Zwt

ibMb, bMb aqy kivqf
 

- AuNkfrpRIwq

pMjfbIaF ivc aMgryF dI ajIbo grIb nsl

 

-zf[ ruipMdr jIq igwl

KLrIaF-KLrIaF
kI bxUM lyKkF df[[[?

 

- inMdr GuigafxvI

nIly qfiraF dI mOq

 

- joigMdr kYrON

awsI sflf gwBrU- jgq isMG jwgf

 

- iekbfl mfhl

ieAuN qF jwgoN sIr muwk jU

 

- zf[ blivMdr kOr brfV

kMjkF df pfT kridaF

 

- joigMdr bfT hOlYz

sYks-vfqsfien, Prfiez qoN Eo qwk
sYks aqy mnuwKI jIvn

 

- jsvIr dusFJ

jdoN mYN "kfiql" bxdf bxdf bicaf

 

- surjIq Bgq

mF

 

- sMqoK DflIvfl

lVIvfr nfvl
prfieaf Dn

 

- sfDU isMG DfmI

mn-bcn-krm qoN swc kohF dUr

 

- ipRMsIpl jgjIq isMG

afp dIaF kuwJ bfp dIaF

 

- jI[ iswDU[ ihMmqpurf

ivaMg / "koeI hor skIm nHI iqafr kIqI ? "

 

- ivcrn jwgI kuwsf

rfjf kRnfl

 

- seId Butf

afpxf dy ikhVf hY?
 

- hrkIrq sMDr

pihlI Xfqrf pfiksqfn dI
 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

quhfzy KLq


afvin aTqrY jfin sqfnvY

- BfeI hrpfl isMG ksUr
 

 

siqgurU nfnk sfihb dy rfgu iqlMg ivwc Aucfrn kIqy jYsI mY afvY Ksm kI bfxI qYsVf krI igafn vy lflo sLbd dy arQF nUM asIN bfxI dI gihrfeI krky qUM smrwQ vwzf myrI miq QorI rfm muqfbk smJxoN iblkul asmrwQ rhy hF. ies df iewk kfrn ieh vI hY ik siqgurU dy afgmn dI qfrIKL aqy swwcKLMz ipafny dI qfrIKL ivwc kIqI qbdIlI. ies qbdIlI df iewko iewk kfrn hY azjYstmYNt. iqMn gurpurb ivsfKI vfly idn afAuNNdy sn- ivsfKI, KLflsy df pRgt hox df idvs aqy gurU nfnk sfihb df pRgt Auqsv. imslF dy igafrF srdfrF ny iewk mqf pfieaf ik ivsfKI qy KLflsy df pRgt idvs ivsfKI vfly hI idn rihx idE aqy siqgurU nfnk sfihb dy pRkfsL Auqsv nUM AudoN mnfE jdoN ik PLsl df qfV nhIN huMdf. AuhnF kIqI qF azjstmYNt sI pr asIN bfad ivwc zFgF cuwk leIaF. koeI kihMdf ik siqgurU ivsfK ivwc pYdf hoey, dUsry kihMdy nhIN kwqk ivwc. awj kwl jy gurpurb vIk-zya ivwc af jfey qF asIN afpxI suivDf anusfr vIk-aYNz qy mnfAuNdy hF. kIqf qF sI smyN dI suivDf leI pr bx igaf ivroD df kfrn , KLYr. dUjf kfrn ieh hY ik siqgurU df ieiqhfs bhuq bfad ivwc ieiqhfskfrF iliKaf. ies krky rlf rl igaf jF rlfieaf igaf. sB qoN pihlf ieiqhfs akbrnfmf (abul PLjLl-1598 eIsvI), dibsqfny- mjLfihb ( mohisn PLfnI) ,BfeI sfihb BfeI gurdfs jI aqy BfeI imhrbfn jI(gosLtF-1630) ny iliKaf. 1469 qoN lY ky 1598 qwk dy ieiqhfs dI pUrI jfxkfrI nf hox kr ky bfad dy ieiqhfskfrF ny kuJ klpnf qoN kMm ilaf ijs krky swc ivwc kUV rl igaf. BfeI gurdfs jI sfihb siqgurU amrdfs jI, siqgurU rfmdfs jI, siqgurU arjun sfihb jI aqy siqgurU hirgoibMd sfihb dI sLrx ivwc rihx krky AuhnF dy smkflI sn aqy iesy kfrn AuhnF vwloN idwqI sUcnf vDyry pRmfixk aqy mMnxXog afKI jf skdI hY.. AuhnF ny ieh ieiqhfs sqrfvIHN sdI qoN sLurU kIqf, ies ivc siqgurU nfnk sfihb df sMKyp jIvn-ieiqhfs vfrF dy rUp ivwc iliKaf. pr AuhnF ny siqgurU dy afgmn aqy swcKMz ipafny dIaF qfrIKLF nhIN ilKIaF. ies df PLfiedf kuJ ivroDI ieqihfskfrF ny AuTfieaf aqy mn mrjLI qoN kMm ilaf. qfrIKLF ilKxIaF vYsy vI ieiqhfskfrF df kMm hY; BfeI sfihb df nhIN ikAuNik Auh bRhm pCfnx vfly swcy sLrDflU ijLafdf sn, ieqihfskfr Gwt.
dUsry, ieiqhfskrF ny siqgurU nfnk dyv jI dy swc-KMz gmn dI qfrIKL 28 awsU sMmq 1596 idwqI hY, ijhVI ik asl ivwc 28 awsU 1597 hY. rfgu iqlMg df ieh sLbd siqgurF ny siqgurU aMgd sfihb nUM gurgwdI dyx smyN Aucfrx kIqf. ies sLbd ivwc siqgurU nfnk sfihb ny kuwjy ivwc smuMdr bMd kr idwqf hY, AuhnF ies ivwc Aus smyN qwk dy ieiqhfs nUM QoVHIaF lfeInF ivwc hI bMd kr idwqf hY.
AuhnF Aucfrx kIqf hY-
afvin aTqrY, jfin sqfnvY, hor bI AuTsI mrd kf cylf. scu kI bfxI nfnku afKY, scu suxfiesI sc kI bylf.
BfeI lflo jI afpxy ipMz qoN siqgurU jI dI DrmsLflf dI syvf krn vfsqy puwj cuwky sn. EQy AuhnF ny kuJ lwkV vgYrf df kMm krnf sI. Auh hjLUr dy snmuK bYTy sn, AuhnF nUM sMboDn kridaF, siqgurF ny swc hI ikhf- ik ijs qrHF df igafn mYnUM DuroN (KLsm qoN) pRfpq huMdf hY, Aus qrHF dI gwl mYN sfry sMsfr nUM dws idMdf hF. ies vyly qoN pihlF pfp dI jMJ lY ky kfbloN af geI hY. sLrm aqy Drm iCp gey hn, cfroN pfsy JUT df rfj hY arQfq ies pfvn sLbd ivc (jo ik sRI gurU gRMQ sihb jI dy mubfrk aMg 722 -723 qy hY) sMsfr dI vrqmfn dsLf ibafn kIqI hY nf ik, koeI BivwKq df pRogrfm dwisaf hY. siqgurU nfnk sfihb ny ies pfvn sLbd dy aKLIr ivwc klm bwD kIqf hY ik hux mYnuM ( AUhnF nUM) GbrfAux dI loV nhIN ikAuNik Aus mrd (inrgux srUp akfl purK) ny afpxf cylf Byj idqf hY, eyk purKu sB nfir sBfeI pMnf-591)) purKL sMsikRq df sLbd hY jdoN ik PLfrsI ivwc purKL nUM mrd kihMdy hn. iewko hI mrd hY arQfq akfl purK. gwl ies qrHF hoeI ik sMmq 1578 (1521 eI: ivwc Aus mrd ny afpxf cylf (BfeI lihxf jI ) Byj idwqf hY aqy mYN hux 1597 sMmq nUM skUn nfl jf irhf hF ikAuNik mYnUM ijhVI izAUtI akflpurKL jI ny lfeI sI Aus nUM awgy AuTfAux leI akfl purK ny afpxf cylf Byj idwqf hY. ijsnUM afpxy aMg (srIr) nfl lf ky aMgd bxf ky mYN surKLrU ho igaf hF. sfrI Aumr nfnk ny swc hI afiKaf hY, hux vI swc hI suxfAuNdf hF ikAuNik ieh vylf (death time) vI swc suxfAux df hY. (ijAUxf kuV mrnf swc) ikAuNik ijhVf idn afAuNdf hY , Auh clf jFdf hY. 1521 nUM bfbr ny ihMdusqfn qy pihlf hmlf kIqf. Ausny sYdpur aqy bfkI ielfikaF nUM luwitaf. pr Auh Esy mhIny vfps muV igaf. siqgurU nfnk sfihb 1521 ivwc KLurfsfn (aPLgfinsqfn) ivwc sn. AuhnF ny bfbr dI iqafrI nUM afpxIaF mubfrk awKIaF nfl vyiKaf sI. AuhnF awKIN vyiKaf hfl BfeI lflo dy sfhmxy ibafn kIqf. bfbr ny dUsrI vfr idwlI dy qKLq qy kbjLf krn dI mnsLf nfl hmlf kIqf aqy pfxIpq dy mYdfn ivwc loDIaF nUM hrf ky idwlI dy qKLq qy 1526 ivwc bYTx ivwc kfmXfb ho igaf. 1526 arQfq sMmq 1583 nUM mugl rfj dI nINh rwKI. iesdf sMmq 78 nfl dUr df vI myl nhIN. asIN bfxI dI gihrfeI nUM nf smJdy hoey iesnUM bfbr dy hmly nfl hI joVI jfny hF. bfbr dy pihly hmly ny mfhOl nUM ivgfVn leI bldI qy qyl df kMm kIqf. ies pfvn sLbd ivwc siqgurU jI ny hmly qoN pYdf hoey srm aqy Drm dy hflfq nUM bfKLUbI ibafn kIqf hY nf ik koeI BivwKbfxI kIqI hY. ies pfvn sLbd df mugl rfj dI sQfpnf aqy hmfXUMN df sLyr sLfh sUrI qoN hfrn nfl iblkul vI sMbMD nhIN ijhVf ik asIN hux qwk smJdy af rhy hF. BfeI vIr isMG jI dI ilKLq anusfr sMmq 1597 nUM mfqf sBrfeI dy Gr dUsry siqgurU dy iekFq-vfs df ijLkr hY. siqgurU nfnk sfihb 1597 sMmq ivc swc-KMz pDfry sn aqy AuhnF dI ivCVI Xfd ivwc bfsrky ipMz ivwc siqgurU aMgd sfihb hI agly pRogrfm qy soc-ivcfr krn leI hI iekFq vfs hoey sn.
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