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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 
 


kTpuqlIaF

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf
 

 

kuJ idn pihlF myry dosq zf: gurpfl isMG ny Pon krky dwisaf ik Ausny ieMtrnYt qy sIrq mYgjLIn c zf: suKpfl horF df lyK Auh ijsny lVnf hY Auh mYN ikAuN nhIN sIrq df apRYl-jUn 2010 vflf aMk piVHaf. Aus ivwc dwisaf Klnfiek aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf mYN hI hF ikAuNik lyK ivwc qwQF nfl bhuq qoV mroV kIqI hoeI hY. ies krky iek lyKk nf hox dy bfvjUd vI mYnUM klm cuwkxI peI. pfTkF nUM vI myrI gujLfirsL hY ik ies lyK nUM smJx leI pihlF zf: suKpfl jI df lyK pVH lYx. AunHF ny afpxy nfm nfl isMG nhIN iliKaf ies leI mYN vI guryjL kIqf pr ikwqy vjoN zfktr aqy myry pRoPYsr hox krky zf: aqy jI ilK irhf hF. ieh lyK mYN ies leI vI ilK irhf hF ik ies vfikaf nfl KyqIbfVI XUnIvristI nfl sMbMiDq hjLfrF ivakqI pRBfivq hoey aqy ies nfl juVy qwQF qoN ajy qwk pUrI qrHF jfxU nhIN hn.
pMjfb aqy iswKF leI Auh ivKVf smF sI kfljF, XunIvristIaF ivwc huMdIaF srgrmIaF vI afpxy smyN dI smfj ivwc AuQl puQl jF bycYnI dI qrjmfnI hI huMdI hY. sMn 1980 dI lihr qoN pihlF nkslI lihr df vI bfKLUbI asr sI. sMn 1988 dy ijs vfikaf df zf:sfihb ny lyK iliKaf hY. AudoN mYN vYtnrI kflj dy afKrI sfl ivwc sF. myrI idwK krky Kflsf myry nfm nfl afpy lwg igaf sI. mYN nhIN sI lfieaf. skUl smyN qoN hI cMgf bulfrf sF. styj qoN spIcF jF zIbytF c Bfg lYxf myrf sLOk sI ijs krky izgrI dy pihly sfl qoN lY ky aMq qwk afpxI klfs ivc votF nfl cuxky numfieMdgI krdf irhF ijhVf ik iek ijMLmyvfrI vflf kMm sI. ies bulfry hox krky aqy iswK stUzYNt PLYzrysLn df Xug hox krky loV pYx qy Aus styj qoN vI zt ky boldf irhf hF. kflj aqy XUnIvristI vwloN stUzYNt numfieMdy dy qOr qy cMzIgVH qwk Byijaf igaf sF.
afpxI qrk nfl sroiqaF nUM kfiel kr lYx dI smrwQf aqy lgn nfl kMm krky pRfpq kIqy afpxy stUzYNt sfQIaF dy ivsLvfs Auqy mYnUM mfx sI. kdy bfhUbl df iesqymfl nhIN kIqf sI.
sYNkVy hI XUnIvristI pRoPYsr aqy aiDkfrIaF nfl vfh ipaf kdy pYNt dIaF jybF ivc hwQ pf ky bdqmIjLI nfl jF qUM kih ky gwl nhIN sI kIqI. zf: suKpfl jI jo ik nvyN hI pVHfAux lwgy sn. Aumr pwKoN sfQoN cfr pMj sfl hI vwzy sn. gurU goibMd isMG stwzI srkl ivwc ijwQy mYN jFdf sF ieh vI afAuNdy jFdy sn aqy agFh ieMnHF dI bxn vflI Drm pqnI ims DflIvfl vI afAuNdy sn. mYN dovHF nUM cMgI sLKLsIaq dy mflk smJdf sF aqy zf: sfihb ny sfzI klfs nUM pVHfieaf vI sI mYN AunHF pfsoN cMgy nMbr vI ley jo mYnUM afs hY ik AunHF ny myrI pVHfeI dI kfblIaq Auqy hI idwqy hoxy hn.
ies lyK ivc smyN dI KfVkU lihr dIaF AuxqfeIaF jF kfrxF df vyrvf nhIN krFgf pr ieMnf ilKxf cfhuMdf hF ik poRPYsr sfihb nfl bdslUkI kfrn jF pwg lihx qy pVHy ilKy qy hMZy vrqy pRoPYsr XUnIvristI nUM ZfeI mhIny leI ijMdry lvfAux ivc PLKLr mihsUs krdy hn qF afey idn pMQ kOm dI pwg nUM rulx qoN bcfAux leI swcy aqy JUTy puils mukfbilaF ivwc sLhId hox vfilaF leI iewk jF do idn dI hVqfl krky afpxI BVfs kwZxI jF sog jLfihr krnf kI koeI vwzI gwl sI? hF ieh kfry afey idn huMdy sn so hVqflF vI huMdIaF rihMdIaF sn.
XUnIvristI ivwc AudoN trfeIimstr isstm sI Bfv iqMn mhIny dy kors aqy bhuqy vYtnrI dy kors sfl ivwc iewk vfr hI ley jf skdy sn. kors PylH hox qy cfhy Auh hfjLrIaF Gwt hox krky hI hoieaf hovy izgrI iewk sfl lyt hoxIN lfjLmI huMdI sI. kflj dy sfry izpfrtmYNt hVqfl dy idn kwZky lYkcr igxdy sn BfvyN ies bfry koeI srkulr jfrI nhIN sI hoieaf ikAuNik zf: suKpfl horF muqfibk vI afm ividafrQIaF df ies ivwc ksUr nhIN sI. zf: suKpfl qoN pihlF iewk hor pRoPYsr zf: zblfnIaf jo ik bVy KVk suBfa dy mMny jFdy sn ny vI hVqfl dy idn ivcy igx ky keIaF dy lYkcr sLfrt kIqy sn aqy afpxI ijLd qy vI aVy rhy. myrI hdfieq AuWqy asIN sfrI klfs ny AunHF dy pIrIaz lfAuxy bMd kr idwqy aqy bfkI klfsF lfAuNdy rhy. AunHF dy puwCx qy mYN ikhf sr ies qrHF krn nfl sfzy sfiraF dy lYkcr sLft ho jfxgy aqy iPr sfrI klfs iekwTy hI iewk sfl bfad izgrI krFgy. eyky ivwc bl dy muhfvry vFg zf: zblfnIaf ny gozy tyk idwqy aqy sfiraF dy lYkcr pUry ho gey. ieh ikwsf iDafn ivwc rwKxf ikAuNik ieh PfrmUlf hI myry ijLhn ivwc sI. jdoN zf: suKpfl ny lYkcr sLfrt kIqy qF iehI dUjf qrIkf apnfAux dI gwl mYN khI sI. ieh socky ik jy zf: zblfnIaf vrgf GYNt pRoPYsr aqy hYz afP izpfrtmYNt myrI ies nIqI nfl kfiel ho igaf qF zf: suKpfl qF ajy aisstYNt pRoPYsr Bfv nvyN iKlfVI sn. eyQy ieh dws dyxf vI jLrUrI hY ik dovyN kysF ivwc myrIaF injI hfjLrIaF pUrIaF sn. ijMnHF ividafrQIaF ny hVqflF qoN ielfvf afpxI ishq jF GrylU kfrnF krky kuJ hor lYkcr nF lfey AunHF dy 75% qoN Gwt sn. zf: suKpfl srjrI pVHfAuNdy sn. ijsdy hYz zf:rfTOr sn. ieh izpfrtmYNt vI afpxy afp nUM KLfs jLfihr krnf cfhuMdf sI. ies ivwc aYNtI stUzYNt jF aYNtI iswK mfdf sI jF nhIN ieh qF rwb hI jfxdf hY KLYr bfkIaF nfloN htky zf: suKpfl ny klfs dy iewk gruwp jo ik zI gruwp sI dy pRYktIklF ivwcoN lYkcr sLfrt krky pyprF qoN kuJ idn pihlF ilst noits borz qy lgf idwqI. ieh AunHF df injI PYslf sI jF AunHF dy sInIarF df PLurmfn ieh Auh hI jfxdy hn. ies gruwp dy pRYktIkl jo ik hPLqy ivwc iewk idn lwgxf huMdf sI vfly idn ijLafdf hVqflF ho geIaF sn. zf: suKpfl jI ny gruwp dy ividafrQIaF nUM swdky koeI AuhV puhV jF koeI aYkstrf klfsF lfAux dI hdfieq nF idwqI aqy nf hI mYnUM klfs df numfieMdf ijsnUM aijhy izgrI kfljF ivwc KLfs PLYsilaF ivwc sLfiml kIqf jFdf hY koeI sunyhf hI Byijaf. gruwp zI dy ividafrQI suBfivk hI myry PLirafdI ho gey aqy AunHF nUM nfl lY ky idn dy aKIr ivwc asIN zf: sfihb nUM imly. Aus vyly myry pwg klfs dy numfieMdy vflI sI nf ik PLYzrysLn dI aqy sfry duiKafry zf: sfihb dy lYkcr sLfrt stUzYNt sn ijMnHF dI igxqI pMdrF qoN vIh sI. PLYzrysLn dy kfrkun nhIN sn. zf: sfihb sfiraF pihcfxdy vI sn. pihlF qF zf: sfihb ny nFh nuwkr kIqI iPr aYkstrf klfsF jo ik kflj dy hspqfl dy smyN ivwc hI lfAuxI sI nUM rfjLI ho gey. mihjL aijhf krky dovHyN iDrF iksy AuWqy koeI aihsfn nhIN sI kr rhy AuMJ vI dovHF iDrF ny Aus smyN ivwc hspqfl ivwc iekwTy kMm krnf sI. hux pRYktIkl krnf sI. ieh sfrf vfrqflfp sihj ivwc jI aqy sr lPLjLF nfl sMboDn krky hoieaf. hF, dUsry qrIky dI gwl mYN sihj ivwc jLrUr khI sI. jykr DmkI sI qF zf: suKpfl ny PLOrn zIn kol isLkfieq ikAuN nf kIqI ieh vI gLlq hY ik gwl jfE dUjf qrIkf apxf lvo qy muwkI. jy aijhf huMdf qF mYN koeI hor hwl kwZ lYNdf pr ikAuNik gwl aYkstrf klfsF lfEx qy muwk geI sI so mYN insLicMq ho igaf ik iksy dI izgrI hux lyt nhIN hovygI. pVHfeI df nuksfn vI nhIN hovygf myry icwqoN qF smwisaf hwl ho geI sI.
AunHF idnF ivwc puils dI sKLqfeI krky iswK stUzYNt PLYzrysLn df koeI puKLqf jQybMdk ZFcf nhIN sI jy koeI ahudydfr bxdf qF puils vwloN cuwk ilaf jFdf. hostlF ivwc Cfpy afm vwjdy rihMdy sn. nvyN ividafrQI aqy PLYzrysLnI afAuNdy jFdy rihMdy sn. keI vfrI keI gwlF PLYzrysLn dy nF qy koeI hor vI kr jFdf ijvyN lotU toly KfVkUaF dy nF qy kfry krdy sn.
zf: suKpfl nfl hoeI gwlbfq qoN qurMq agly idn koeI iqMn idn bfad nhIN jdoN ipMzF ivwc aYkstYNsLn aYjUkysLn dy kors leI mYN kflj vwloN sfry idn leI bfhr igaf hoieaf sF qF zf: suKpfl nfl bdslUkI ho geI. ijsdI mYN inMdf krdf hF ijsdI nf qF jLrUrq sI aqy nf hI Auh Ausdy hwkdfr sn. ies Gtnf df pqf mYnUM sLfm nUM hostl afAux qy lwgf ijsdf kfrx PLYzrysLn vwloN kIqIaF hVqflF krky ividafrQIaF dy lYkcr sLfrt hox krky PLYzrysLn dI ho rhI inMdf aqy BMzI dwisaf igaf. iesdy ijLMmyvfr vYtrnI aqy aYgrIklcr dy jUnIar ividafrQI sn. ijMnHF qoN zf: suKpfl nF vfikPL sn. ieh AunHF ny afphudry ho ky kIqf sI. aglI svyr zIn zf: blvMq isMG jI ny mYnUM swd ilaf. AunHF dy kmry ivwc zf: suKpfl dy srjrI dy hYWz zf: rfTOr aqy zf: zblfnIaf mOjUd sn aqy AunHF dwisaf ik zf: suKpfl ny afpxy AuWqy hoey hmly leI mYnUM ijLMmyvfr dwisaf aqy dUjf qrIkf apnfAux dI DmkI idwqI sI dwisaf. mYN dUjf qrIkf zf: zblfnIaf dy sfhmxy AunHF AuWqy hI lfgU kIqf hoieaf dwisaf qF Auh smJ gey ik myrI ies qoN kI murfd sI. pr mYnUM burf lwigaf ik ies GtIaf Gtnf leI zf: suKpfl ny myry qy sLwk kIqf hY. ies qoN bfad mYN afpxy hmjmfqI dosq jsdyv isMG dy nfl zf: suKpfl dy dPLqr igaf aqy ies Gtnf leI aPLsos kIqf aqy ies Gtnf nfl afpxf sMbMiDq nf hox bfry dwisaf. zf: sfihb ny koeI AuWqr nf idwqf. swt qfjLf sI mYN smJ skdf sI.
AuWDr kuldIp isMG aqy sfQIaF dI PLYzrysLn nfl isDFqk lVfeI sI jy Auh inry zf: sfihb dy pwK ivwc hVqfl krdy qF sih leI jFdI Auh qF iswDy PLYzrysLn nUM inMdx qur ipaf. Auh afpxI Dun df pwkf sI pr smyN dy Ault sI. Aus qoN bfad dy hflfqF df zf: suKpfl ny kfPLI ijLkr kIqf hY. ijhVI vI iswK stUzYNt PYLzrysLn jF iswK lihr ivroDI jF nkslI lihr dI hfmI lfbI sI AunHF ny rwj ky zf: suKpfl dy moiZaF qy rwK ky clfeIaF.
iswK stUzYNtF vwloN iswK idwK vfly pRoPYsr nfl bdslUkI nfloN cMgf muwdf hor kdoN imlxf sI. so XUnIvristI nUM ijMdry lwg gey. hostl KflI ho gey qy puils Cfpy mfrn lwg peI. ZfeI mhIny pMjfb qoN bfhr rihxf ipaf. izgrI vI jFdI hI lwgdI sI.
XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF nUM pqf sI ik myrf dosL nhIN pr zf: sfihb aqy AunHF dy hmfieqIaF dI purjLor mMg Awuqy gunfhgfrF dy nfl (ijMnHF ny ieh kFz kIqf sI). mYnUM Xojnf GfVy vjoN dosLI mMn ilaf igaf qF ik XUnIvristI KuwlH sky. hux ividafrQIaF dI vfrI sI myry nFh kihx qy vI XUnIvristI ivwc hVqfl ho geI. PyzrysLn aqy ividafrQIaF dI mMg sI ik sjLfvF gLlq hoeIaF hn. XUnIvristI sjLfvF vfps lY ky pRoPYsrF nUM dobfrf AuksfAuxf nhIN sI cfhuMdI.
pRoPYsrF dI jQybMdI ijsdy swdy qy ZfeI mhIny hVqfl rhI sI ny ies msly aqy kuJ hor msilaF nUM lY ky iewk vwzI mIitMg swdI ijs ivwc zf: suKpfl dy sfQI sLurU ivwc hI afpxf pwK rwK ky ik ieMnHF ividafrQIaF nUM sKLq sjLfvF idE afid aqy iPr vfk afAUt kr gey. aijhy igxqI ivwc vIh-pMJI sn.
iPr PyzrysLn dI mMg AuWqy aqy pRoPYsrF dI jQybMdI dy pRDfn dI isPLfrsL AuWqy mYnUM smUh ividafrQIaF isrPL sjLf XfPLqf nhIN dy aqy PYzrysLn dy bulfry vjoN do imMt bolx df mOkf idwqf. hjLfr qoN vwD pRoPYsr iewk itwk koeI ds ku imMt qwk mYnUM suxdy rhy. mYN vI zf: suKpfl nfl hoeI Gtnf dI inKyDI kIqI aqy idwqIaF sjLfvF nUM Gwt dwisaf. iewk vfr vI mfPL kr dyx dI dlIl jF slfh nhIN idwqI. awgy qoN PyzrysLn aqy ividafrQI vrg vwloN sucyq ho ky aijhIaF GtnfvF nUM rokx df Xqn krn aqy ividafrQIaF aqy pRoPYsrF ivwc irsLiqaF nUM suKLflf bxfAux leI kdm cuwkx dI vcnbwDqf duhrfeI (iehI agFh kfrx bxy ik aijhy hor duKLFq nhIN vfpry nf ik ividafrQI zr gey sn afid)
myry ies sMboDn qoN bfad vwzI qbdIlI vjoN jF qwQF qoN jfxU ho ky pRoPLYsrF dI Aus zf: suKpfl smrQk jQybMdI dI isPLfrsL qy hI XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF ny rihMdIaF sjLfvF muafPL kr idwqIaF sn. aijhf mYN qrk nfl kIqf nf ik sYNkiVaF nUM mYN zrf ilaf sI.
ies qoN bfad CyqI hI izgrI krky ivafh krvf ik mYN kYnyzf af igaf. zf: suKpfl CuwtI lY ky agFh pVHfeI krn leI vI kYnyzf af gey. aijhf XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF dI hF nfl hI sMBv sI so zf: sfihb dy kMm nf ruky ijsdf ik AunHF nUM KLdsLf sI aqy mYnUM iesdI KusLI hY. ikAuNik myry idl ivwc koeI cor nhIN sI ies leI mYN hornF pRoPLYsrF nfl glPL ijwQy zf: sihb pVHdy sn. AunHF dy Gry vI clf igaf aqy jlpfn vI kIqf pr keI jxy hox krky koeI gwl ies ivsLy qy nf hoeI.
ijvyN mYN byksUr hox dy bfvjUd vI isrPL zf: suKpfl dI sLwk dI AuNgl AuTfAux krky sfPL suQrI qrHF izgrI krn dy suafd qoN vFJf irhf aqy stUzYNt lIzr hox nfl pRoPLYsr kuwt hox df klMk lwgx AuWqy vI kdy zf: suKpfl nfl iglf nhIN kIqf aqy dosL nhIN idwqf. iesy qrHf zf: suKpfl nUM afpxI jLubfnI dwsy byksUr ividafrQIaF dy lYkcr sLfrt krn aqy iswK aqy stUzYNt ivroDI lfbI dy jfxy axjfxy Zhy cVH jfx krky afpxI iewjLq aqy pwg nUM hwQ pvf lYx leI mYnUM dosL nhIN dyxf cfhIdf. asIN dovHyN hI smyN aqy hflfq dy hwQ kTpuqlIaF hI qF sF. aPLsos ik smyN isr pqf nf lwgx krky zf: suKpfl nUM ies Gtnf qoN bcf lYx dI KusLI mYN nf lY sikaf.

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