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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 


nfnkf my ryl gwzI

- suKdyv iswDU
 

 

apxy kihMdy huMdy sI - nfnky nfny nfnIaF nf hI huMdy af qy pyky mF ipE nf. mYN socdy rihxf beI CyqI CyqI CuwtIaF hox qF nfnkIN jfeIey. jF koeI ivafh fdI afvy, qF mOkf my bxy. mF nUM, pyky dyKx dI qFG huMdI sI, mYnUM nfnky. Auhny bVI bysbrI nf AuzIk krnI. kbIldfrIaF vflyL GrF coN inklxf ikhVf sOKf huMdf. myry vwzy mfmy df puwq sqnfm isMG myrf hfxI prvfxI eI sI. iehdy nf myrf bVf nyhu sI. sfl do sfl Cotf hoAU mYQoN. sfzy suBfa vI rdy imdy sI. ieh vI sry df hI sI qy mYN vI. sfzI mIcf im geI. sfry lfz nf iehnUM ibwlf kihMdy sI. myrf iehnUM imlx nMU mn rihMdf sI. pihlF pihl bwsF gwzIaF afm nhIN sI. sfzy ipMz nUM bws qF lwgI hoeI sI, pr ieh svyry nON vjy qoN pihlF hI jlMDr nUM ink jFdI sI qy fm nUM muVdI sI. iehdy tYm nf qF GrF dy kMm kfr hI nhIN sI mwukdy. bIbIaF rotI pfxI qoN vI ivhlIaF vI nhIN sI huMdIaF. pihlF mMzI vfy KUh ko dI mihqpur qFeIN do ZfeI mIl qurky jfxf. awgoN mihqpuroN dyKxf beI nkodr nUM tFgf kdoN qurUgf. eyQy iek do hI qFgy huMdy sn. mUrqI df Xwkf mhUr sI. ieh mihqpur df eI biMdf sI. iehdI GoVI vI vwqy eI sI. iehdy afvdy vrgI hI sI. ivcfrI. pUrf cfrf nhIN sI pf huMdf hoxf. AuWqoN iehny suafrIaF df lflc kr lYxf. pr ieh vwzf gflVI sI. iehnUM gwl lmkfAux df vwl sI. bws suafrIaF nUM aYsf gwlIN pfAuxf, AunHF nUM pqf eI nf lwgx dyxf beI iehny ryl gwzI dy tfeIm nf nkodr qF phuMcfxf eI nhIN. iehI iehdI jugq sI. hr vfr kMm kr jFdI sI. mUrqI nUM sfry ielfky dy bMidaF dI jfx pCfx sI. mwlo orIN pCfx kwZ lYxI. sB qoN puC puCf ky iehny dyK lYxf beI suafrIaF ikhVy ipMzF dIaF hn. ijwQoN dI suafrI nf hoxI EQoN dy iksy bMdy dI aYsI gwl urU krnI, aYsI gwl urU krnI, beI agly dI aeHI qeHI Pyr dyxI. aYsI CyVI gwl eynIN lmkf lYxI ik Eh nkodr awpVn qk muwkxI eI nf. agly df awgf ipwCf sB Pro dyxf. ivc-ivcfy GoVI dI lgfm iKwcdy ny ctkfrI mfrI jfxI. eyhny kihxf: dyK ky, dyK ky jIx jogIey. Ea jINdI rih[[[. Blf hovy E sdky qyry jxidaF dy. Ea qyry mflkF df surgIN vfsf. ivc ivcfy mUrqI ny GoVI dy sihMdf-sihMdf cfbk mfrnf - KVfk bhuqf krnf. bhuqI vfr qF YNtf qFgy dy phIey 'qy hI mfrnf. jdoN GoVI koloN qFgf nf eI iKwicaf jfxf, qF iehny gwl vDf lYxI. suafrIaF df iDafn hor pfsy kr lYxf. afp moirHEN AuWqr jfxf, lgfm PV ky GoVI nUM iKwcx lWg pYxf qy or nf gwl urU kr dyxI: DuafnUM pqf Plfnf prsoN mr igaf. Blf bMdf sI. bws bYTf hI sON igaf. koeI hfey nhIN, bhuVI nhIN. nUMh puwq cfh dyx afey qF pqf lwgf, beI rUh qF AuWz geI. bws srIr ipaf sI. ijwdF 'rfm nf suwqf hovy. dyviqaF vfI mOq afeI EhnUM. Blf bMdf sI. mYN kihnF, iswDf surgF nUM igaf hoAU. eydF df eI sI Auh. mUrqI ny Gft-Gft df pfxI pIqf hoieaf sI. inwq idhfVI iehdf vMn suvMinaF nf vfh pYNdf sI. iehnUM ijhVI suafrI qy gwl cuwkx dI wk hoxI, AuhnUM iswDf gwlIN pf lYxf. bhuqI vfr asIN rylvy Pftk kol phuMc ky gwzI qurI jFdI dyK lYxI. iPr zyV do GYNty bVy aOKy ho ky kwZxy. lwkV dy bYNcF 'qy bih bih ky srIr afkV jfxf. mUMh cwk cwk aglI gwzI dI AuzIk krnI. mUrqI nUM kosxf. mUrqI dy Xwky 'qy nf cVHn df aihd krnf. pr iehdy ibn srnf nf. gMjI nfvyH kI qy ncoVy kI - pf lf ky mihqpur nUM cldy Xwky hI do sI. gwzI dI kUk dI AuzIk krnI. jdoN ieMjx df DUMaF idsxf jF Ck-Ck krdf suxnf qF mn `c hulfs hoxf. cfa cVH jfxf, beI smJo hux nfnkIN phuMcy hI phuMcy. keI vfr ieMjx ny nkodroN pfxI lYxf jF kof cwukxf. jF MitMg krnI. iPr nfnkf my cl so cl. nkodr dy jMkn hox df cyqf afAuxf qF, gIq gfAuxf: jMkn rylF df gwzI iek afvy , iek jfvy. aMgryjF vloN 1856 c Bfrq c urU kIqIaF rylF df ivroD keI pfisEN hoieaf sI. keI dMd kQfvF qurIaF. iehdy qoN zrdy lok dOV qurdy sI ik Kvry koeI BUq af igaf. koeI ikhf kry aMgryF ny ryl gwzI bMdy Qwly dy dy ky mfrn nUM clfeI af . koeI ikhf kry goiraF ienHF rylF c Bfrq df sfrf DMn vlYq nUM Zohxf hY. ieh vI socx vfI gwl hY ik iehny Bfrq nUM ikMnf ku iekmuT kIqf. ieh svfl aOKf hY ik ryl gwzI myl-imfp df sbwb pihlF bxI ik ivCoVy df. afpxy kihMdy af beI iksy leI mFh bfdI iksy leI suafdI. pihlF pihl ivCfeIaF rylvy lfeInF ny qF my eI bhuqy krvfey hoxy aF. jF ienHF krky my CyqI ho gey. EdF dyr nf hoxy sI. ivCoVy df sMklp qF bfad df hoxf hY. beI ieh BI ry ivCoVy vI pFAudI hY. purfxf mhUr iPlmI gIq vI hY: nI twut jfvyN ryl gwzIey, nI qYN rok ilaf cMn myrf. sMn 1913 c jlMDroN nkodr nUM ivCfeI eys ryl lYn ny vwzy fiedy kIqy sI. nfnikaF dfdikaF ivclI dUrI Gtf idwqI sI. kMmF kfrF vfiaF nUM mOjF ho geIaF sI. pihlF lok jF tFigaF qy jFdy sI jF qurky. sridaF puwjidaF dIaF bwGIaF huMdIaF sI. hmfqVF dIaF lwqF. nkodroN jlMDr dy rfh c iqMn tyx pYNdy sI - Mkr, Qfbky qy jmyr. flsf kflj vff hflt ikqy bfad c bixaf. flsf kflj dy pfiVHaF dI sOK leI. ipMzF dy bhuqy muMzy eyQy hI pVHdy sI. plytfrm qoN isr jmyr df styn hI swKxf hY. 'kwly sMkr vfy tyx dy plytPfrm qy hI YWz hY - hor ikqy nhIN. MkrIaf svrn isMG EdoN ryl mMqrI huMdf sI. tyxF 'qy pihly nikaF df iZwz ZolkI vrgf huMdf sI - ienHF dy gwiBEN pfxI inklxf. iehnUM gyVn leI dohIN pfsIN hYNzl huMdy sI - pwTy kuqrn vfI mIn vrgy. ienHF nUM gyVn leI vfhvf or lwgdf huMdf sI. ienHF df aMgryI nF zIp vYWl hYNz pMp (Deepwell Handpump) sI. iPr kuwqf nky af gey. hux afm nky lwgy hoey ny jF motrF. rOiaF qoN pihlF tyxF qy pfxI vI vMzy huMdy sI. ihMdUaF leI ihMdU pfxI; muslmfnF leI muslmfn pfxI. hux vff jmyr df styn ikqy bfad c bixaf; AuWnI sO swT dy gyV c. pihly styn ivc styn mfstr ny vsoN kIqI hoeI hY. styn dI sfeI df pwkf pRbMD nhIN. hux sfeI krmcfrI eI hY nhIN. ieh kMm 'btOt' svfrIaF nUM PV ky AunHF qoN krvf ilaf jFdf hY- srkfr AuWky-puwky sfeI dy pYsY dy idMdI hY. sfl dy pMdrF sO rupey. hux ieh vft vI bhuqI nhIN lwgdI: EdoN eydF lwgxf beI vft inbVdI hI nhIN. ryl ny sprfvF nUM AuWDovf dy hor nyVy kIqf. nfnky dfdikaF df sr Gwt igaf. sprfvF df kfF c nF Bozy sprfey hY, zfkKfnf jmyrKfs, qsIl qy ilf jlMDr. mfsk "mF" dI sMpfdk kfmryz kyvl kOr eysy ipMz dI sI. ieh nkslbfVIaF dI lfzlI sI. eyQoN dy hkIm vI bVy nF vfy hoey. eyzy sfry ipMz c zfkKfnf vI hY nhIN. pr dusihrf eyQy lwgdf hY. rylvy lfeIn pihlF sprfvF muwZ dI inklxI sI. tyx vI eyQy hI bxnf sI. ijhdI mIn ivc dI bxnI sI Eh jwt srvyar nUM gflHo bfI ho ipaf. beI Eh ikEN iehdI mIn ivc dI lYn kwZdf hY. srvyar ny tyx qF jmyr qy sprfvF qy gwBy bxf idqf. tyx df nF vI jmyr dy Kfqy pf idwqf. pr iwd c rylvy lYn Auhdy KUh dy aYn AuWqoN dI kwZ idwqI. awDf KUh EDr aWDF EDr. nfnky ipMz dy lok dsdy hn ik mINh jf hVHF nfl jdoN vI lYn tutdI hY, eysy KUh vfy QfEN hI tuwtdI hY. mYN gwzI dI bfrI ivcdI isr bfhr kwZxf. gwzI BwjI jfxI qy nfo nf ruwK GuMmI jfxy. mYN iksy dUr dy rwuK 'qy ingHf itkfAuxI. Auhny hOI hOI GuMmdy GuMmdy ny nyVy afeI jfxf qy ko dI UMa krky ink jfxf. nfo nf gwzI dy phIaF qy ryl lYn ny r ky sMgIq suxfAuxf: Twk Tkf Twk Twk, Twk Tkf Twk Twk. Twk Tkf Twk Twk, Twk Tkf Twk Twk. bws eysy Kyl c lwgy df awDf sr bMny ho jfxf. mF ny tokxf. kihxf: isr aMdr kr lY. jF mUMh ipwCy nUM kr ky bYT. ieMjx vwl nf kr. awK c kof pY jfAUgf. Eho gwl hoxI. nfy mUMh isr kff ho jfxf. nfy awKF c koy dy ink-inky kMkr pY jfxy. ieh bVy rVkxy. awKF cuMnHIaF krky dyKI jfxf. pr mUMh EDr hI rwKxf. awKF m-m lfl kr lYxIaF. mF ny kihxf: hux mI nf jfh, jKm ho jfxgy. tyx 'qy AuWqr ky TMZy pfxI dy iCwty mfrIN. arsy bfad iehdI jugq vI af geI. jF qF mF dI cuMnI df pwlf mUMh 'qy lY lYxf jF pwg df lV KolH ky mUMh Zk lYxf. bihxf mUMh ieMjx vl nUM krky hI. koy qy kfoN qoN vI bc jfxf qy nfrf vI mfx lYxf. bxy suafry pfVHy muMzy juafnI df sbUq idsdy. ieh afps ivc itwcrF mKOl krdy. KrUd krdy. gwzI BFvy flI huMdI, pVHfkU muMzy drvfiaF c KVy rihMdy. rylvy lfeIn dy afy duafy ipMzF c vsdy lokF df afvfjfeI qoN ibnF vI ryl gwzIaF nf bVf kuJ sFJf sI. svyry pMj vjy vfI gwzI nf AuWTxf. kMmIN-kfrIN jutxf. jF kihxf: sfZy awT dI gwzI af geI, clo inafixE quro skUlF nUM. jF iPr, lY beI sfZy igafrF vfI af geI, hwlf mfr lE. bIbIaF ny kihxF: CyqI CyqI kMm inbyV lE, nON dI gwzI afAux vfI af. bMidaF kihxf: lY beI afh kMm zyV vfI gwzI qoN pihlF pihlF kr leIey, iPr rotI KfvFgy. inafixaF nUM AuzIkdIaF mfvF ny kihxf: cfr dI gwzI af geI aF, inafxy Gr muV ky afey nhIN ajy. kdy kdy iksy duKIey ny jIvn lIlf mukf lYxI. ryl gwzI mohry isr invf dyxf. jy mYN nf nf jfxf qF mF bfp ny gwzI dy itkt ilaf ky mYnUM dyxy - infnI vjoN. inwky huMidaF ieh gwl vwzI lwgxI. beI myry ko ryl gwzI df itkt hY. smyN smyN dI gwl hY; hux socIdf hY beI asIN cwlI hoeI itkt nf hI vrc jfeIdf sI. pihlIaF c afkF-mUkF leI gwzIaF dy tYmF df vwzf afsrf huMdf sI. ienHF dy ihsfb nf imiaf jFdf. agly ny kihxf: cfr dI gwzI nf mYN PlfnI QF qy imlUgF, qUM vI EQy af jfeIN. vsl dIaF gwlF hoxIaF jF vsl. nfnikaF dI mMnI hoeI gwl hY ik koeI pRymI joVf rfq nUM buwk dy inwG c guafc igaf. svyry cfr dI gwzI ny kUk mfrI qF BfeI nUM jfg afeI. Eh ziraf AuWT ky Bwijaf. DMnbfd kry: bcf ley eI nI gwzIey, cfr vfIey. nhIN qF iek hor imrjf suwqf hI mfiraf jfxf sI. Qfbky twp ky jdoN vyeIN AuWqoN dI lMGxf qF bVf afsrf ho jfxf. lY beI nfnikaF dI hwd urU ho geI. mF ny koeI pYsf dyxf, vfjy ir nUM mwQf tykx leI. vyeIN df pfxI eynf sf hoxf, beI gwzI c bYiTaF nUM mwCIaF, kwCU qrdy idsxy. AuWqy bYiTaF nUM hyTF pfxI c suwty pYsy iclkdy idsxy. ilkorF mfrdy. iksy iksy Bly ryl zrYvr ny gwzI rok dyxI jF iblkul hOI kr dyxI. svfrIaF ny mfro mfr vyeIN c pYsy suwtxy. iek dUjy dy AuWqoN dI ho ho ky. keIaF bIbIaF ny gwzI c bYiTaF hI vfjy nUM nmskfrI kr lYxI. rOiaf qoN pihlF ieh pu vI tut igaf sI. BlI iksmq ieh CyqI hI bx igaf. vyeIN df pfxI eynf sf huMdf sI ik lok pI vI lYNdy sI. hux iehI vyeIN, jlMDr qy PgvfVy dy gMd nf BrI hoeI hY. AuWqy gfVHI jMmI hoeI hrI bUtI. dUr dUr qFeIN boa mfrdf pfxI. ko dI lMGxf aOKf hY. jdoN sOx BfdoN dy mINh pYxy, vyeIN cVH jfxI. keI vfrI kMiZaF qwk af jfxI. pulF qoN ibnF nf srnf. ienHF idnF c ihrnF dIaF zfrF ikqoN af jfxIaF. eyhnF itwibaF c ihrnF kfhI KfxI. msqI krnI. cuMgIaF BrnIaF. ikqy ikqy KVI sl nUM vI mUMh mfrnf. jdoN gwzI afAuxI, ihrnF ny KVy ho jfxf. bUQIaF 'qFh nUM cuwk lYxIaF. kMn KVy kr lYxy. keI vfr aYvyN hI Bwj qurnf. ihrnF dy JuMz QfbikaF vfy pfsy hI rihMdy. pfxI twp ky dUjy pfsy kdy nf jFdy. jy koeI Buwl ky cilaf jFdf qF ipMzF dy kuwqy pfV suwtdy. lMmy sfry pu dy ivcfy iek pfsy nUM vfDrf krky QVHf bxfieaf hoieaf sI. pMj swq bMidaF dy KVox nUM. rylvy dy kfimaF jF pu pfr kridaF kridaF nUM gwzI af jfxI, qF ies vfDry c vV jfxf. ieh ihfqI pRbMD sI. gwzI lMG jfxI qF iPr puy pY ky lMG jfxf. vfgI muMizaF leI ieh Kyz huMdI sI. ienHF dUroN gwzI afAuNdI dyK lYxI. iehdy pu 'qy phuMcx qoN pihlF pihlF Bwjky vfDry c jf vVnf. zrYvrF nUM vI pqf sI ik muMzy ielqI af. EnHF ny sItI qy sItI mfrI afAuxI. beI ikqy koeI cMgI mfVI nf ho jfvy. iek vfrI imsqrIaF df muMzf pwiTaf dI BrI cwkI afAuNdf vyeIN vfy pul qy Gyiraf igaf sI. ipwiCEN afAuNdI gwzI nf iehnUM idsI nf iehny suxI. gwzI ny iehdy cIQVy kr suwty. nfnkIN igaF hfx prvfx Cwz ky afAux nUM icq nf krnf. vwzy mfmy dy puwq nf myrI ju rdI sI. sfzf mn iek dUjy qoN ivCVx nUM nf krnf. asIN dovyN inafxpuxy dIaF gwlF krdy-krdy juafn ho gey. isnmy c pihlI iPlm vI mYN qy ibwly ny kwiTaF dyKI sI. pYsy vwzy mfmy, gurmyj, ny idwqy sI. mfmf kihMdf: jfE dovyN jxy iPlm dyK afE, pr idny idny muV ky afieE. asIN sfeIkl 'qy jlMDr CfAuxI dy iksy isnmy gey. myry leI ieh ajb nfrf sI. pihlI vfrI izwTf. nfnikaF qoN muVn nUM icq nf krnf. mF nUM Gr df vI ikr huMdf sI. nf mYnUM cyqy krfeI jfxf: qYN skUly vI jfxf. jF qYN skUl df kMm vI krnF. nfnI ny khI jfxf: koeI nhIN cly jfieE; ikhVf roj roj GroN ink huMdf. sfl bfad qF awgy afey aF. mF df mn afp vI bhuqf kfhf nhIN sI huMdf. iPr bwsF qur peIaF. BIN BIN krdIaF. lokF nUM ienHF df Buws pY igaf. ryl gwzI dI fhI svfrI nkfr idwqI. bwsF c Dwky Kfxy urU kr idwqy. eys lfeIn 'qy gwzI c hux muqory sfD cVHdy ny, jF doDI. koeI ivrI ivrI loVvMd suafrI. nfnf qy nfnI kMm vfy jIa sI. dsF nhuMaF dI ikrq krn vfy. nfnf mDrf sI. nxk vMnf. nfnI gorI sI. pqlI, lMmI-JMmI. kdoN d yqur gey hn. mF df jIa pyikEN qurn nUM nf krnf. isafixaF gwl bxfeI hoeI hY ik pykIN geI qIvIN qy CwpV c vVI mwJ, mrI nf hI inkdIaF huMdIaF. jy axcfhy mn nfl nfnky GroN qur hI pYxf qF bhuqI vfr nfnk ipMzI ko jFidaF nUM gwzI ink jfxI. keI vfrI ipCy nfnkIN muV jfxf qy kdy kdy tyn 'qy jf bihxf. keI vfrI iksy Bly zrYvr ny lfgy afANuidaF nUM dyK gwzI rok vI lYxI. nfnikaF df cfa ikqy luikaf hoieaf hY - ivc ivc hwlf mfr ky AuWTdf hY. iPr hAuky ijhf bih jFdf hY.

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