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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 


khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF
- blkfr isMG
 

 

sfihq dI sPlqf ies gwl ivc hY ik Auh iks mfqrf ivc afpxy smkfl nUM sMBfldf hY. virafm sMDU dIaf khfxIaf ies prK qy KrIaf AuqrdIaf pRvfn ho cukIaf hn. pMjfb dy smkfl dI ijs prq nUM virafm sMDU ny ies khfxI ivc hwQ pfieaf hY, ieh sOKf nhI hY aqy ies nUM ijs sPlqf nfl Aus ny inBfieaf hY, iesy ivc sMDU dI khfxI-klf lukI hoeI hY. khfxIaf dI pVHq ijMnI sMqut krdI hY, khfxIaf qy prqO Aunf hI aOKf huMdf clf jfdf hY. irm iJm prbq` kyvl mfqr khfxI nhIN, sgoN pMjfb dy iek dhfky dy ieiqhfs df acyq-vihx hY, iesy leI ies khfxI ivc khfxIaf df hVH af igaf kihxf cfhIdf hY. iksy vI kOmI jf BfeIcfrk mfniskqf dy sucyq nfloN Ausdf acyq bhuq blvfn huMdf hY. sucyq kol qf ikrpfn vI hY aqy styn vI. dovy hiQafr vI hn aqy ieiqhfs vI. ikrpfn qf cukxI hI AudoN cfhIdI hY jdoN bfkI sfry hIly muwk jfx. iesy leI ikrpfn imafn ivcoN kZx bfry vI arjn isMG afpxy poqry nUM nsIhq krdf hY ik ikrpfn AudoN kZIdI ey jdoN afpxf bcfa krnf hovy jf iksy dIn duKI dI riKaf krnI hovy. pr khfxI ivc dohf hiQafrbMd hwQf ipCy kMm krdy acyq vfsqy lyKk dy bdf ivc dovf dy hiQafr ies vyly dovf dy hwQf ivc nhIN sn. gwl ikwlI Auqy tMgy dohf hiQafrf dI hY, pr ies nfl mfniskqf dy acyq aqy sucyq df ByV sfhmxy af jfdf hY. asl ivc ieh khfxI pMjfb dI ikrsfnI dy sucyq aqy acyq dy mhf ibrqfq df mMqr ho geI hY. ies Auqy Ausy qrHf iek pusqk sMBv hY ijvy amrjIq gryvfl ny qvI df swc bfry ilKidaf pUrI ikqfb ilK idqI sI aqy iek nvIN ivDf vI isrj idqI sI.
ijs qrHf irm iJm prbq ivc smy dy swc nfl juVy hoey siBafcfrk aqy Dfrimk srokfr khfxI-klf ivc Zl gey hn, mYnUM ieho lyKk dI iekihrI qy ivlKx pRfpqI lgx lg pey hn. bMdf jnm qf lYdf hY, siBafcfr ivc aqy Aus df sihj-ijAUx vI pRfpq siBafcfr nfl hI juiVaf hoieaf huMdf hY. siBafcfrk sihj- jIvn, afpxy smkfl qoN pRBfvq huMdf vI hY aqy smkfl nUM pRBfvq krdf vI hY. ies khfxI dy pfqr ieko hI ipMz ivc jMmdy hn, ieko ijhy mfhOl ivc pldy hn pr afpxy afpxy rMg ivc ijAUNdy hn. gurbfxI dI ronI ivc mYnUM ieh sfry pfqr rMig hsih rMig rovih cup BI kir jfih 473 dy vzy swc dy nfnqv df hI ihwsf lgdy hn. pr khfxI dy vihx nfl quridaf lgdf hY ik ijAUx df ieh nfnqv iksy vI siBafcfr dI jfn vI huMdf hY aqy Aus df nuksfn vI. ipMz dI iekfeI ivcoN lyKk ny iMdgI dy smuwc nUM sMskfrf, jibaf aqy mjbUrIaf nfl juVIaf hoeIaf Gtnfvf rfhIN Ausy qrHf isrijaff hY ijvy koeI klfkfr rMgf dI Bff ivc pyNitMg dI isrjxf kr lYdf hY. eysy leI mY ies nUM mihj iek khfxI nhIN sgoN aijhI sfihqk isrjxf smJdf hf, ijs ivc lyKk ny iMdgI nUM bMd kr idqf hY aqy koeI vI ies ivcoN smrQf muqfibk iMdgI dy dIdfry kr skdf hY aqy iMdgI isrj vI skdf hY, iMdgI nUM smJ vI skdf hY aqy hMZf vI skdf hY. khfxI df muwK pfqr arjn isMG hY aqy ieh pfqr acyq aqy sucyq dI sijMd-mfniskqf hY. Aus nfl juiVaf hoieaf Aus df smfj vI hY aqy Aus df pirvfr vI. smfj aqy pirvfr nfl juiVaf hoieaf Aus df ipMz hY. ipMz nfl juiVaf hoieaf hY pMjfbI-BfeIcfry dy acyq df sucyq. BfeIcfry ivc ivrfsqI avcyqn,Dfrimk-srokfr aqy isafsI loVf nUM iekwTIaf qurdIaf disaf hY. klfkfr leI ies kotI-vMz df XQfrQ acyq aqy sucyq ivc sihj nfl inBdf rihMdf hY. khfxI gdrI bfibaf qoN lY ky KfVkU lihr qk dI pMjfbI-mfniskqf nfl juVI hoeI hY. ivrfsqI PKr nUM smkflI qRfsdI ivc vtidaf ijvy lyKk ny mihsUs kIqf hY, Auvy hI pRgt kIqf hoieaf hY. koml srokfrf dy sihjsMquln df pRgtfvf lyKk dI pRfpqI hY.
arjn isMG df ipqf pUrb akflI lihr dI iswK mfniskqf df rol-mfzl ikhf jf skdf hY. pMjfb dy ies rolmfzl dy guafcx df Audryvf vI khfxI ivc rimaf ipaf hY. Aus vfsqy mYnUM lgdf hY ik gurU dy nfm qy ijAUx vflI pMjfbI mfniskqf dI isrjnf ieQo hoeI sI ik mY gurU df hf aqy iehI myry leI sB kuJ hY. ies vfsqy arjn isMG kysf suafsf nfl inBx dI vcnbwDqf inBfAuNdf hY. arjn isMG iehIE isdk gRihsqI aqy ikrqI rih ky inBfAuNdf hY. gRihsq aqy ikrq fied iek dUjy nfloN inKyVy vI nhIN jf skdy. ieho iswKI-isdk qIjI pIVHI ivc jgjIq isMG vI inBfAuNdf hY, pr Auh afDuinkqf nMU nfl lY ky qurdf hY aqy pMjfb dy siBafcfrk-nfnqv nUM agy qordf nr afAuNdf hY. pr dUjy pfsy lYPtInYt jnrl gurjIq isMG hY, jo Aus iswK-mfniskqf df pRqIinD hY, ijs ny mY gurU df hf dy ivrfsqI-acyq dI Qf qy gurU myrf hY dI isafsqI loV df pwlf PV ilaf hY. ieko hI ivrfsqI jVH ivcoN pYdf ho geIaf do muqfd mfniskqfvfN df ibrqfq khfxI ho igaf hY.
arjn isMG pMjfb dI trfInl mfniskqf df pRqIinD ho igaf hY. Auh afpxy ipqf nUM jYqo dy morcy ivc jbr df mukfblf sbr nfl krdf vyKdf hY. gurU dy gurduafry nUM ivakqIaf dI mlkIaq bx jfx qoN bcf ky afpxy Gr Auh POVIaf qy prqdf hY. Aus nUM ies df koeI pCqfvf nhIN hY. ies PKr df muwl pfAux vflI pYnn isafsq nUM vI Auh nyVy nhIN lgx dydf. pr arjn isMG dy sfhmxy qf kOmI muwdf hI koeI nhIN hY. jo kuJ hY Auh muwidaf dI isafsq hY. isaffsq vI kfhdI, mMzIhr mfniskqf df ugl mylf hI lgdf hY. 1947 dI vMz vyly arjn isMG dy afpxy ipMz dI mMzIhr lfgly ipMzoN afpxy hI ipMz dI kuVI juMmy qylI dI DI qy arjn dy Xfr Pwjy dI BYx Pfqmf nUM cuwk ilafAuNdI hY aqy lyKk df iek sMvfdI-vfk myrI BYx nUM lY gy ny Auh kuwqy smkflI-hlkfa nUM sfhmxy lY afAuNdf hY. 1947 vyly dy dI vMz dI isafsq df duKfq vI bMdy dy pfgl ho jfx df duKfq hI sI. ieho ijhy hflfq ivc ielq df nfAuN cODrI bfxI-bolf swc ho jfdf hY. arjn dy ipqf dI kurbfnI dy hvfly nfl arjn ies swc df fhd ho igaf hY ik mrnf aqy mrn qk kurbfnI dyxI AunI mukl nhIN hY, ijMnf aOKf mMzIhr-mfniskqf nfl inBxf hY. arjn df isdk ijs nUM srkfrI jbr nhIN qoV skdf sI, gurU dy nfm qy isafsq krn vfly ikvy cknfcUr kr dydy hn, ies khfxI dy kydrI-ibMdU vjoN sfhmxy af igaf hY.
arjn ivc BgqI qy kqI` dy iswK-sumyl vfg ispfhI aqy ikrqI df sumyl pRfpq hY. ies df isKr arjn nUM mfrn afey muMizaf dI mOq nfl sfhmxy af jfdf hY. muMizaf nUM bcfAux dI koi vyly arjn dy aMdr cldf Gol hI arjn df smkfl ho igaf hY. ijs qrHf mOq arjn qk phuMc jfdI hY, ies df aihsfs qf khfxI nUM piVHaf hI ho skdf hY. bcpn ivc pVHIaf sohx isMG sIql dIaf ieh swqrf Xfd af rhIaf hn:
qurIaf sn kljogxf lY Kwpr KflI
hovygf asmyD jwg rwj Kfx svflI
iglJf vfg mOq icqvx vflI mfniskqf jy iksy siBafcfr ivc pRvy kr jfvy qf ieh qurq Drm nUM pRBfivq krdI hY aqy hOlI hOlI Aus df syk aiDafqimkqf qk vI phuMcx lg pYdf hY. ies dIaf ijMnIaf prqf ies khfxI ivc KulH geIaf hn, AunHf nfl virafm sMDU dI AusfrU sfihqkfrI df pRBfv myry mn ivc bhuq vD igaf hY.

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