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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 


aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

- suKpfl
 

 

myrI koi afpxy vwloN kuJ kihx dI QF ies lyK ivc ilKIaF gwlF qoN hI afpxf nukqf drsfAux dI hY aMimRqpfl isMG hurF dy ilKy vyrivaF ivc mgroN jfvFgy, pihlF mYN Auh gwl afK lvF jo eys ivy dI jVH hY qy sfiraF nfl sbMDq hY :
aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN lyK dI Gtnf, jo 1988 ivc vfprI, bfry kihMdy hn : " pMjfb aqy iswKF leI Auh ivKVf smF sI"
aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN ieh nhIN kihMdy : "pMjfbIaF leI Auh ivKVf smF sI" jF "pMjfb, aqy ies ivc rihx vfly iswKF ihMdUaF leI Auh ivKVf smF sI" afpxI dusFgI mfniskqf lukfAux leI kihxgy ik "pMjfb" ivc ihMdU iswK dovyN af jFdy hn jy ieh gwl ieMnHF leI swcINmuwcIN arQ rKdI hovy qF iPr eynf kihxf hI kfI hoxf sI ik "pMjfb leI Auh ivKVf smF sI" jF "pMjfbIaF leI Auh ivKVf smF sI"
ijs awK nfl aijhI ivcfrDfrf dy hfmI 'afpxy' pMjfb vyKdy sn qy ajy vI hn, Aus ivc ihMdUaF (muslmfnF, dilqF, iesfeIaF leI) koeI QF nhIN ieh lok iksy dI cIk suxnoNN pihlF ieh vyKdy hn ik cIk mfrx vfly isr pwg bwDI hY ik nhIN jy nf hovy - AuhdI cIk suxnoN ienkfr krdy hn iks qrHF dI vMzI hoeI dieaf jF dlyrI hY ieh? eysy krky ieh KfVkUaF jF inrdo iswKF dy puils vwloN mfry jfx qy qF pMjfb KyqIbfVI XUnIvristI (aqy hor ividak adfiraF) ivc hVqfl krvfAuNdy sn, pr bwsF ivcoN lfh ky jF ipMzF ivc mfry jFdy inrdo ihMdUaF leI aijhf swdf nhIN sn dyNdy ieho dusFgI mfniskqf iv sYnf dy TfkrF, jF swjx kumfrF, tfeItlrF qy BgqF dI hY - (ijMnHF lf ivcoN qd qfeIN boa nhIN afAuNdI jd qfeIN Auhdy gl jnyAU nf hovy) - ijMnHF ivruwD lVx df dfavf ieh lok krdy sn dohF dI mfniskqf ivc koeI rk nhIN ijhVf eys mfniskqf df muwZoN aqy iksy vI qrHF ivroD kry, Auh ienHF leI 'iswK ivroDI lfbI' hY (pMjvF pYrf) jd ik iswKI dy muZly asUlF dI durdf ies mfniskqf ny vI kIqI hY aqy eysy soc ny pMjfb cfr ihwisaF ivc vMz ky pMjfbI afpxI hI DrqI qy amlI qOr qy dUjI Bff bxf idwqf hY iesy hI mfniskqf nfl cInI kfmryz jINdy hn ijMnHF iqwbqIaF dy ipMizaF ivc lhU nhIN, pfxI vgdf idsdf hY
ies soc qy awK nfl sfzf ivroD hY qy sdf rhygf [[[ pr mYN hryk aijhy ivroD df hfmI hF ijhVf inrpwK rihMidaF mnuwK sB qoN pihlF mnuwK smJ ky Auhdy hwk ivc liVaf igaf hovy mfiraf inrdo koeI vI hovy - iswK jF ihMdU muslmfn jF iesfeI, Auh mfrx vflI styt hovy BfvyN qfnffhI, kwtV jwQybMdI BfvyN nkslI qy BfvyN iekwlf bMdf - Auh inMdxXog qy ivroD krn Xog hY
afpxI soc, ivvfs jF ivcfrDfrf krky mYN afpxy iksy ividafrQI nfl ivqkrf nhIN kIqf ijwQy bd aqy ividaf df vfs jF kfrj hY, EQy Auh pihlF hY sbUq vjoN iewko Gtnf df ikr kfI hY ijhVI EnHIN idnIN hI vfprI ijs vyly df ikr aMimRqpfl isMG hurF ny kIqf hY iewk ividafrQI iemiqhfn dy idnF ivc af ky mYnUM kihx lwgf : "myry ipqf nhIN rhy, qy mF jqn nfl pfl pVHf rhI hY puils ny myry qy bYNk luwtx df JUTf kys pfieaf hoieaY mY hr hqy jgrfAuN Qfxy hfrI dyxI pYNdI hY EQy svyry jfxf pYNdf hY qy sfrf idn ibTf rKdy hn jy aYs hqy vI eyvyN hoieaf qF myrf pypr dyxf rih jfvygf qusIN iksy qrHF myrf Qfxy jfxf agly hqy qfeIN mulqvI krvf idAu qF ik mYN pypr dy skF"
mYN Auh lY ky vfeIs cFslr kol igaf ik Auh dKl dy ky puils afKx ik muMzy pypr dy lYx idAu jy mYN eyzf 'iswK-ivroDI' huMdf qF kdI AuhdI mdd nf krdf pr iek aiDafpk nfqy mYN eys gwl qy KVf sF ik koeI mujirm hovy jF inrdo, ijhVf vI bMdf iMdgI ivc shI kMm krnf cfhuMdf hY, pVHxf cfhuMdf hY, Auh eyhdf hwk hY qy AuhdI mdd krnI bxdI hY Auh lVkf aYs vyly amrIkf ivc vwzy vYtRnrI srjn vjoN sQfpq hY Auh myry krky nhIN, afpxy jqnF aqy kfblIaq krky sQfpq hY
aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN afKdy hn (pihlf pMnf, qIjf pYrf) : "zf: sfihb ny sfzI klfs nUM pVHfieaf vI sI mYN AunHF pfsoN cMgy nMbr vI ley jo mYnUM afs hY ik AunHF ny myrI pVHfeI dI kfblIaq Auqy hI idwqy hoxy hn." aMimRqpfl isMG hurF cyqy rwKx dI loV hY ik eys gwl df eyh arQ vI hY ik mYN jF myry (srjrI) izpfrtmYNt, ijs qy ieMnHF "aYNtI iswK" hox df sMsf sI (dUjf pMnf, pihlf pYrf), ny ieMnHF swjxF dI ivcfrDfrf krky kdI koeI vKryvF jF nuksfn nhIN kIqf vKryvyN vflI awK ieMnHF dI sI, sfzI nhIN
KfilsqfnI dOr ivc pMjfb aYgrIklcrl XUnIvristI ivc ijMnIaF hVqflF hoeIaF, Auh Yzryn dy bfhUbl krky hI hoeIaF vwzI igxqI ivc XUnIvristI dy pRoYsr aqy izpfrtmYNt hYWz kuwty qy lhU-luhfn kIqy gey - Kfilsqfn df ivroD krn krky nhIN, blik aijhy ividafrQI jwQydfrF df 'hukm' nf mMnx krky bfhUbl dI vrqoN krn leI hor bMdy ipwCy KVy huMdy sn jd ik 'gwlbfq' krn leI aMimRqpfl isMG hurF vrgy awgy huMdy sn aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN Yzryn df ztvF bulfrf hox df aYlfn krdy hn (dUjf pYrf), hVqflF jfie vI TihrfAuNdy hn (cOQf pYrf), 'dUjy qrIky' vrqx dIaF DmkIaF vI dyNdy rhy hn ijsdf mYN gvfh hF, qy awj dfavf krdy hn (qIsrf pYrf) ik "mYN kdI bfhUbl df iesqymfl nhIN kIqf" eynHF dI dlIl Eh hY : "mYN ipMz sfVx df iMmyvfr nhIN, mYN qF isr nfl lgdy jMgl awg lfAuNdf sI [[[" nf hI aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN ieh dsdy hn ik XUnIvristI dy ijMny vI pRoYsrF eyhnF swjxF dy 'rfj-kfl' dOrfn kuwitaf mfiraf igaf, EnHF ny ikhVy inrdo mfry sn? AunHF df eyhI ksUr sI ik AunHF eynHF swjxF df "hukm" mMnx dI QF XUnIvristI dy inXmF muqfbk kMm krn dI koi kIqI sI
aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN afKdy hn ik myry ipCly lyK ivc keI qwQ qoV-mroV ky py kIqy hn ieMnHF qwQF 'iswDf' krn dI koi ivc Auh afp hI keI JUT bol gey hn Audfhrx vjoN :
(1) afKdy hn : (pMjvF pYrf) dUjf qrIkf vrqx df myrf mqlb sI ik sfrI klfs hI lYkcr lfAuxy bMd kr dyvy eydF sfiraF dy lYkcr frt ho jfxgy qy Pyr sfry agly sfl izgrI krngy sfrI klfs ny ikhVy lYkcr lfAuxy (bMd krny) sn? ismYstr qF muwk cuwkf sI! iemiqhfn urU hox isr hqf rih igaf sI nfly Kud mMndy hn ik mYN pRYktIkl dI klfs lYNdf sF, iQAUrI dI nhIN - ijs ivc isr gruwp dy lYkcr frt huMdy hn, sfiraF dy nhIN aMimRqpfl isMG hurF dy "dUjy qrIky" df swc - ijs qy prdf pfAux df jqn kr rhy hn - eys gwloN hI fhr ho jFdf hY
(2) dUjf JUT ieh bol rhy hn ik aYkstRf klfsF lfAux leI ieMnHF ny afiKaf qIjf JUT ieh ik vfDU klfsF kflj dy smyN ivc lgxIaF sn mYN nf XUnIvristI df asUl BMnxf cfhuMdf sF, nf ividafrQIaF df nuksfn krnf cfhuMdf sF ikAuNik AunHF ivcoN vDyry afp ieMnHF swjxF dy hukmF dy ikfr sn eys leI vfDU klfsF lfAux dI slfh mYN Kud gruwp dy ividafrQIaF idwqI ik Auh afAuNdy hqy hr ro svyry awT vjy af jfx (kflj nON vjy lgdf sI) pMj klfsF vwD lwgx nfl sB df bcfa ho jfvygf ividafrQIaF dI mdd leI mYN ro GMtf vwD kMm krn leI iqafr sF aMimRqpfl isMG hurF ieh mnUr nhIN sI eysy leI AunHF ieh hukm idwqf : "sB dy lYkcr "EdF hI" pUry kr idAu nhIN qF asIN "dUjy qrIky" krvf lvFgy" ieMnHF dy afpxy kihx muqfbk (pMjvF pYrf) : "asF qF zf: zblfnIaf vrgy GYNt pRoYsr dy gozy luaf idwqy, qUM qF hfly nvF iKlfVI hYN"
swc ieh hY - ividafrQIaF dy lYkcr mYN nhIN, XUnIvristI df isstm frt krdf hY ividafrQIaF dI smwisaf mYN afp hwl kr leI sI pr Auh aMimRqpfl isMG hurF dI "mrI" anusfr nhIN sI hoeI, eysy leI mY sf dyxI rUrI smJI geI
aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN keI gwlF Buwl gey hn jF jfx buwJ ky lukf gey hn ijvyN ik :
(A) myry Auqly hmly dI Gtnf mgroN klfs dy vDyry ividafrQI mfI mMgx afey aMimRqpfl isMG dI klfs dy hI keI ividafrQIaF ny Aus itkfr pfeI qy Gtnf pRqI ivroD drsfieaf sf fhr hY ik ividafrQIaF ieh aihsfs sI ik mYN AunHF dI mdd krn dI koi kr irhf sF nf ik nuksfn krn dI, ijvyN ik aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN sfbq krn dI koi kr rhy hn
(a) dsvyN pYry ivc kihMdy hn : "XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF nUM pqf sI ik myrf dosL nhIN pr zf: sfihb aqy AunHF dy hmfieqIaF dI purjLor mMg AuWqy gunfhgfrF dy nfl (ijMnHF ny ieh kFz kIqf sI) mYnUM Xojnf GfVy vjoN dosLI mMn ilaf igaf" XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF ibnf ienkuafierI kIiqaF ieh ikvyN pqf lwg skdf sI ik aMimRqpfl isMG hurF df do nhIN? swc ieh hY ik XUnIvristI dy vDyry ahudydfr - zr KuxoN jF ieMnHF nfl sihmqI krky - ieMnHF swjxF dI ipwT qy sn XUnIvristI dy dUjy nMbr dy aiDkfrI, ijMnHF df afpxf bytf pRmuwK KfVkU sI, aMimRqpfl isMG hurF bcfAux Kfqr isr qoV jqn kr rhy sn Kud mY aiDkfrIaF dy keI sunyhy afey ik "afpxy Auqy hoey hmly dI ikfieq vfps lAu !" ies srpRsqI krky hI XUnIvristI dI YkltI ZfeI mhIny hVqfl krnI peI aMimRqpfl isMG hurF dy iKlf hostlF ivc rihMdy qy ieMnHF dy kfrnfimaF qoN vfk ividafrQIaF ny afp (aiDafpkF dI bxI ienkuafierI kmytI awgy) gvfhIaF idwqIaF sn ies qoN ielfvf puls XUnIvristI ivc iksy hor kMm leI mfry Cfpy dOrfn Vy ividafrQIaF qoN ienHF swjxF dI mUlIaq df pqf lwgf sI aMimRqpfl isMG hurF ienkuafierI kmytI vwloN doI vjoN pCfxy jfx krky sf hoeI sI, nf ik myry khy khfey qoN
(e) swqvyN pYry ivc kihMdy hn : "(mY mfrkuwt dI) Gtnf df kfrx PLYzrysLn vwloN kIqIaF hVqflF krky ividafrQIaF dy lYkcr sLfrt hox krky PLYzrysLn dI ho rhI inMdf aqy BMzI dwisaf igaf." arQfq Yzryn (ijsdy kfrkun Kud aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN afp sn) hVqflF qF krvfAuNdI sI pr eys krky jy koeI Auh "bdnfm" krdf sI qF Aus bMdy kuwt ky iswDf kr dyNdI sI vfh !
(s) 12vyN pYry ivc Auh afpxI sf mf hox df kfrx dsdy hn kI ieh kfrx qF nhIN sI ik jy Auh myry qy hoey hmly dI inMdf nf krdy qF sf mf nhIN sI hoxI ijs krky ismYstr zrfp huMdf qy izgrI lyt ho jfx df zr sI? ieh zr Auh nOvyN pYry ivc pihlF hI fhr kr cuwky hn
14vyN pYry ivc kihMdy hn : "zf: suKpfl CuwtI lY ky agFh pVHfeI krn leI vI kYnyzf af gey. aijhf XUnIvristI aiDkfrIaF dI hF nfl hI sMBv sI" aMimRqpfl isMG hurF pqf nhIN ik XUnIvristI ny mY bfr bfr arIaF dyx qy vI CuwtI nhIN idwqI ikAuNik asF DwkyfhI krn vfilaF ivruwD hVqfl kIqI sI mYN ibn CuwtIEN hI knyzf pVHx afieaf sF vfps prq ky mY eysy krky mhIinaF bwDI qnKfh nhIN idwqI geI eyhI myry muV knyzf prqx df kfrx bixaf
afKrI sqr ivc Auh afKdy hn : "asIN dovyN hI smyN aqy hflfq dy hwQ kTpuqlIaF hI qF sF" aMimRqpfl isMG hurIN iksdI kTpuqlI sn - EhI jfnx swc ieh hY ik ieMnHF swjxF dI sfrI kfrgufrI dUijaF kTpuqlIaF bxf ky afpxI mrI mnvfAux dI hI sI mYN iksy dI kTpuqlI nhIN irhf myry leI jy ividafrQI jF sfQI pRoYsr lVy qF eys leI nhIN ik mYN aMimRqpfl isMG hurF vFg iksy swjI jF KwbI iDr df kfrkun sF Auh eys leI lVy ik awq krn vfilaF dI awq AunHF dy sbroN bfhr ho geI sI mYN aqy hor kuJ jixaF ny ikAuNik aMimRqpfl isMG vrigaF dI kTpuqlI bxn qoN ienkfr kIqf sI - eys leI sf zMn lfAux df inrxf kIqf igaf
jykr aMimRqpfl isMG hurI iksy ivcfrDfrf qy KVy sn qy EhdI Kfqr "sB kuJ" krn qy hr hQkMzf vrqx ivc XkIn krdy sn, qF cMgf huMdf - zt ky awj vI Aus qy pihrf dyNdy glq huMdy - pr swcy qF rihMdy ! afpxy afp "hflfq dIaF kTpuqlIaF" afK ky ieMnHF ny Aus ivcfrDfrf jF jwQybMdI vI DoKf idwqf hY ijsdy nfAuN eyny sfl KfDIaF hMZfeIaF qy cMm dIaF clfeIaF sn !
kI awj afpxy afp eys leI inrdo sfbq krn dI koi qF nhIN kr rhy ikAuNik hux Auh amrIkf dy ihrI huMidaF afpxy afp vwzy srjn vjoN sQfpq krn dy XqnF ivc hn, qy aijhf ipCokV jF eyhdf ikr AunHF dI aglI qrwkI ivc rukfvt bx skdf hY[[[?

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