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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 

 


ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

- krm isMG ihstorIan
 

 

(krm isMG ihstorIan pRiswD ieiqhfskfr hoey hn ijMnHf ny afpxf sfrf jIvn ieiqhfs dI Koj ivc lf idwqf. afpxy ivsLy qoN ht ky iewk vfr AuhnF ny Aus smyN sfzy mwD kflIn pRymIaF-afsLkF nUM, ijMnHF dI prsMsf ivc Zyr sfry ikwsy-khfxIaF ilKy gey hn, ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF ikhf sI. iesdy hwk qy ivroD ivc Aus smyN bhuq kuJ iliKaf igaf. asIN pfTkF dI idlcspI leI AuhnF dI Auh ilKq aqy Aus `qy hoeI bihs nUM sIrq ivc Cfp rhy hF.)

imrf sfihbF-1

sfzf ieh suBfv hY ik asIN burfeI vwl CyqI Juk pYNdy hF qy cMigafeI sf alUxI isl jfpdI hY. sMsfr ivwc cMgy muMzy kuVIaF vI hoey hn, pr lokF ny AuhnF dy nfm Xfd nhIN rwKy. ijhVy gMdy kuVIaF muMzy hoey hn, Auh lokF awj qIk Xfd hn aqy kvIaF ny lokF dI ies mMd-vfnf pUrf krn leI gMidaF dIaF mMidafeIaF AuWqy aYsI pocf-pfcI kIqI hY ik AuhnF pRym dy puqly bxf ky AuhnF pUjx dI QF bxf idwqI hY.
iswDI motI bolI ivwc hIr qy rFJf, sohxI mhINvfl aqy imrf sfihbF, ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn, ijhnF afpxy mfipaF qy kOm dI iewq df iafl nf krky Auh kMm kIqy ijhnF lokIN cMgf nhIN smJdy sn, pr hOlI-hOlI lokF ny AuhnF dy aOguxF gux bxf idwqf qy iehnF muMzy kuVIaF pRym dy afdr smJx lwg pey. pRym afpixaF nfl huMdf hY, ibgfinaF nfl pRym dy kI arQ?
ies sMsfr ivwc aYsIaF gwlF ro huMdIaF hn pr jo gwl lokF dy mUMh cVH geI qy kvIaF dy kfbU af geI, Auh asloN by-asl ho ky kuwJ dI kuwJ ho jFdI hY. imrf sfihbF qy sohxI mhINvfl dIaF gwlF ajy kwlH dIaF gwlF hn. iehnF hoieaF ajy do sO sfl vI nhIN hoey, pr lokF ny KMBF dIaF zfrF bxf idwqIaF hn.
gujrfq dy vsnIk gxy dfs jI hoey hn ijnHF ny `chfr bfg pMjfb` nfmy iewk qvfrIK ilI sI. imrf sfihbF qy sohxI mhINvfl qoN kyvl swqr awsI sfl ipwCoN hI gxy dfs jI hoey hn. BfvyN iehnF dy smyN vI lokF ny asl gwl vDf Gtf Cwizaf sI pr qd vI iehnF dI ilKq bhuq kuwJ swc dy lfgy cfgy hY. mYN iehnF dy afDfr qy hI sMKyp ijhy hfl ilKdF hF:
sohxI mhINvfl dI Gtnf sMmq 1789 (1732 eIsvIN) ivwc hoeI hY ijs sfl ik BfeI qfrf isMG jI vFeIey hId hoey hn. ies qoN kuwJ sfl mgroN imrf sfihbF dI Gtnf hoeI hY. ieh Auh smF sI, jd ik idwlI dy qq AuWqy muhMmd fh sI aqy lfhOr df sUbf fn bhfdr sI jo iswKF QF-QF mfrdf qy kql krI jFdf sI aqy iswK pMjfb Cwz ky pRdysF ivwc idn bqIq kr rhy sn.
isafl qy Krl do pRiswD goqF hn, jo muglF dy smyN suqMqr jIvn bqIq krdy aqy afpxy kbIilaF nfl KuwlH Kulfsy irhf krdy sn. iehnF dI rihq-bihq awj qIk KulfsI hY. fdIaF vwzIaF AumrF ivwc huMdIaF sn aqy aTfrHF-vIh vrHy dy kuafry muMzy kuVIaF iewkTy Kyzdy-mwldy qy KuwlHy-Kulfsy irhf krdy sn.
KIvy isafl ny iewk ipMz vsfieaf sI jo hOlI-hOlI cMgf qkVf ipMz ho igaf. ies lokIN isaflF df KIvf afKdy hn. smyN dy irvfj anusfr ieQy iewk msIq vI sI, ijs ivwc ipMz dy muMzy kuVIaF iewkTy piVHaf krdy sn. ies KIvy dy do puwqr, Kfn sumIr aqy Kfn amIr sn aqy bIbI sI ijs df nfm sfihbF sI. smyN dy irvfj anusfr ieh sfihbF vI afpxy ipMz dI msIq ivwc pVHn jfieaf krdI sI.
rfvI diraf dy kMZy PrIdfbfd iewk pRiswD ksbf hY. ieh purfxI bsqI hY. ijs smyN pihlF pihl bMdf bhfdr dVikaf aqy flsy ny vIr KF mfr ky srhMd soiDaf qy sfihbfidaF dy bdly ley, Aus smyN lfhOr df hfkm aslm KF sI aqy PrIdfbfd df cODrI njIb KF Krl ies pfs nOkr sI. pihlF qF aslm KF zr df mfiraf lfhOr dV vwtI ipaf irhf pr jd bhfdr fh pfqfh POjF lY ky pMjfb vwD viDaf qF lfhOr dy muslmfnF vI surq af geI aqy AuhnF ny flsy nfl lVfeI krn leI hYdrI JMzf kwiZaf. Aus smyN aslm KF ny pMj sO ipafdf dy ky iesy njIb KF Krl gfIaF nfl qoiraf sI.
ies smyN qoN do cfr sfl mgroN njIb KF dy Gr puwqr hoieaf, ijs df nfm imrf rwiKaf igaf. jd ieh kuwJ vwzf hoieaf qF ies dI mfsI ies pVHfAux leI afpxy ipMz KIvy (isaflF dy) lY geI. ieh Ausy msIq ivwc pVHn lwg igaf ijQy ipMz dy cODrI dI bIbI sfihbF piVHaf krdI sI.
dovyN hI huMdl-hyV qy sohxy sn. iewkTy pVHdy, iewkTy hI Kyzdy. smF hI aYsf sI, puMn-pfp df koeI iafl nhIN sI, dohF ivwc ipafr sI aqy dovyN iewk dUjy dy Gr afAuNdy jFdy sn.
jd imrf kuwJ vwzf ho igaf qF ies dy mfipaF ny ies PrIdfbfd sdvf ilaf. hOlI hOlI ieh jvfn ho igaf aqy smyN dy irvfj anusfr GoVy dI svfrI qy qIr clfAux df hunr cMgI qrHF iswK igaf. Auh smyN mfrF-DfVF dy sn aqy hr iewk gwBrU svfrI qy qIr clfAux df cMgf jfxU hoieaf krdf sI. BfvyN muglF dIaF POjF ivwc qoVydfr bMdUkF df irvfj sI, pr ipMzF ivwc bMdUk koeI nhIN jfxdf sI. iehnF df vwzf hiQafr qIr kmfn sI aqy ies qoN Aupr sn sylf, Bflf aqy qlvfr.
hux imrf BrvF jvfn sI. iewk idn mMgqf jo ipMzo ipMz mMgdf iPrdf sI, PrIdfbfd puwjf. ieh afpxy afp pIr aKvfAuNdf sI. smyN dy irvf anusfr ipMz dy afdmI qkIey ivwc iewkTy hoey aqy ies nvyN afey sYlfnI dIaF gwlF suxn lwgy. ies ny sfihbF dI juafnI qy husn dI bVI Aupmf kIqI aqy mMgdf KFdf awgy cilaf igaf.
imry afpxI bflI Aumr dIaF gwlF cyqy af geIaF. Auh afpxI GoVI Auywqy svfr hoieaf aqy rvF rvIN ipMz afpxI mfsI pfs cilaf igaf. mfsI afpxy idl dI sfrI gwl dwsI ijs ny sfrIaF gwlF sfihbF dy kMnIN pfeIaF. Aus vI afpxI CotI Aumr dIaF gwlF cyqy af geIaF qy imry vyK ky Auh vI ipafr krn lwg geI.
BfvyN koeI pVdf qF nhIN sI, pr qd vI iewk jvfn kuVI df iewk Epry jvfn muMzy hnyry svyry iekFq ivwc imlxf cMgf nhIN smiJaf jFdf sI. iewk idn imry dI mfsI ny sfihbF dI mF jf ky afiKaf ik kuVI bImfr jyhI rihMdI hY, jykr qUM ies myry spurd kr dyvyN qF mYN ies df dvf-dfrU krF, rUr rfI ho jfAU. sfihbF dI mF ny kihaf:- kI zr hY, ieh vI quhfzI hI DI hY. afpxy Gr lY jfE qy dvf-dfrU kro. ``
ies qrHF imrf qy sfihbF iewkTy ho gey aqy afpo ivwc iehnF df ipafr vD igaf pr mflUm huMdf hY ik imrf hux afpxI mfsI dy Gr corF vFg luk ky rihMdf sI, nMg ho ky nhIN rihMdf sI.
iek idn sfihbF dy iksy ndIkI ny iehnF dohF ipafr krdy vyK ilaf. Aus ny imry dI mfsI bhuq burf Blf kihaf aqy sfihbF PV ky Aus dI mF pfs lY igaf.
sfihbF KyKn-hwQI rox lwg peI qy kihx lwgI ik ies rIk ny mY JUTI AUj lfeI hY, Blf mYN ikQy qy imrf ikQy? Bfl kIqI qF imry df kuwJ Qhu nf lwgf, ikAuN ju imrf zrdf mfrf AudoN hI PrIdfbfd nws igaf sI.
mfipaF ny soicaf ik sfihbF jvfn hY. ies df ikqy inkfh kr dyxf cfhIdf hY. qfhr KF iewk srdfr sI, ies dI mMgxI kIqI geI qy inkfh df idn vI imQ idwqf. sfihbF ny imry pfs sunyhF Glvfieaf ik Plfxy idn myrf inkfh hY, jy ho skdf hY qF mY af ky lY jfvy. `
imrf PrIdfbfdoN quiraf qy KIvy af ky jnyqIaF nfl rl igaf. QF QF dy afdmI, iksy kI pqf ik kOx ikQoN df hY? imry ny sfihbF pfs sunyhf iBjvf idwqf ik Auh lYx af igaf hY. byrm sfihbF GroN inklI aqy imry af imlI. ipMz ivwc qF cuqrPIN jnyq df rfm-rOlf ipaf hoieaf sI, imry ny sfihbF afpxy ipwCy GoVy AuWqy suwitaf aqy PrIdfbfd vg quiraf. jd isaflF dI hwd twp ky KrlF dI hwd aMdr awpV ipaf qF by-ikr ho ky KVo igaf aqy cfihaf ik QohVI ijhI awK lf ky Pyr ipMz qurFgy.
hux KIvy vwl dI suxo. jd inkfh df smF afieaf qF sfihbF df ikqy pqf nhIN sI. Brf smJ gey ik ieh imry df kfrf hY. sfihbF dy dovy Brf qy hor irqydfr GoVIaF pIV ky ipwCy nwTy aqy cfihaf ik imry ipMz puwjx qoN pihlF hI PV leIey.
imrf qF AunINdy df mfiraf suwqf ipaf sI aqy sfihbF Aus dy pfs rfKI leI jfgdI bYTI sI. ies ny imry df qIrF df BwQf qy Aus dI kmfn ruwK nfl ltkf idwqy sn, ijs hyT imrf suwqf hoieaf sI. jd sfihbF ny dUroN GoiVaF dy ihxkx qy tfpF suixaF qF imry jgfieaf. kfier CyqI nfl GoVy AuWqy svfr hoieaf qy sfihbF afpxy ipwCy suwt ky nwTf, pr aPVf-qPVI ivwc afpxy qIr df BwQf qy kmfn lfhuxI Buwl igaf. vYrI mgry mgr Koj nwpI af rhy sn. Auh smJ gey ik imrf huxy hI ieQoN nwisaf hY. Auh rqf iqwKy hoey qy imry jf imly. imry ny ihrK kIqf ik Aus dy qIr kmfn Aus pfs nhIN hn. lfcfr qlvfr DUh ky liVaf pr vYrIaF hwQoN mfiraf igaf.
igrd-nvfhI dy muslmfnF ny imry dI loQ AuQy hI dwb idwqf. ijQy PrIdfbfd dy rfh AuWqy Aus dI kbr iafrq dI QF bx geI. gxy dfs ilKdf hY ik KIvf ipMz kdy df AuWjV cuwkf hY aqy ijs msIq ivwc imrf qy sfihbF piVHaf krdy sn, Aus dI kMD ajy qIk KVHI hY.
myrI jfcy ieh Gtnf Aus smyN dy eyV gyV hoeI hY jd ik nfdr fh ies dy ivwc afieaf sI. ies gwl qoN isaflF qy KrlF df afpo ivwc ieqnf vYr vD igaf ik hux qIk AunHF dy mn afpo ivwc sf nhIN hoey pr lokIN imry sUrmf kihMdy hn qy Aus dI bhfdrI dy idny rfq gIq gfAuNdy hn. jy swc muc imrf sUrmf huMdf qF aYsf nIc kMm kdy nf krdf aqy jy kfier nf huMdf qF Ausy ruwK hyT Klo ky lVdf, ijs hyT suwqf sI. vYrI nyVy afieaf vyK ky nws nf AuWTdf qy aPVf-qPVI ivwc afpxy qIr qy kmfn nf Buwl jFdf.
ajyhf mflUm huMdf hY ik inwky huMdy imry dI mF mr cuwkI hovygI qy iesy qrHF inwkI huMdI sfihbF df ipqf vI mr cuwkf hovygf. sfihbF afpxy dohF BrfvF qoN CotI qy mF dI lizwkI hovygI, jo smyN dy irvfj anusfr Aus dy Kuwl-Kulfsy suBfa qoN burf nhIN mnfAuNdI hovygI. mfvF afpxIaF DIaF dy mfmly ivwc sdf kmor hoieaf krdIaF hn. jy KIvf jIAuNdf huMdf qF sfihbF fied ieqnf hOslf hI nf krdI.

imrf-sfihbF- nMbr 2
imrf-sfihbF` lyK Auqy bfvf buwD isMG dy ieqrf qy krm isMG jI df AuWqr-
ipafry drd` jI!
sfAux BfdroN kI PulvfVI ivwc ibnF brKf eI afnMd sI. imrF sfihbF dy pING hulfry mn rUr ihlfAuNdy, pr srdfr krm isMG ihstorIan dI Koj ny afnMd ivwc BMg pfieaf. srdfr krm isMG jI ihstorIan afKdy ny jy AunHF dI Koj AuhI hY, jo imrf-sfihbF dy lyK ivwc rOn hY qF bws iPr rwb hI rfKf.
mY lMmf cOVf lyK ilKx dI vyhl nhIN motIaF motIaF BuwlF dwsdf hF, ikAuNik ies lyK ijhVf pfTkF tply ivwc pfvy, ibnF vMgfry nhIN jfx dyxf cfhIdf. imrf sfihbF, sohxI mhINvfl qy hIr rFJf ihstorIan sfihb ny ivgVy hoey qy gMdy muMzy-kuVIaF kihaf hY, so afKxf ikwQoN qwk drusq hY, pfTk jn ivcfr kr skdy hn. iek ivwc isr-DV dI bfI ikMny ku lf skdy hn? hr grF, hr ihr, glI mhwly ikMny hI gMdy qy ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF awj kwlH vI hosn. pr kI sB hIr rFJf ho gey? koeI kvI bxf ky qF ivKfvy! mYN ihstorIan sfihb df iDafn BfeI gurdfs jI dy bcnF vwl idvfAuNdf hF:-
lYlf mj afkI chuM ckI jfqI. ``
Pyr afp jI iewk anoKf asUl ilKdy hn, pRym afpixaF nfl huMdf hY, ibgfinaF nfl nhIN? `
pRym smJidaf hoieaF Pyr Tokr KfDI, pRym kyvl mF puwqr, BYx Brf, mF DI dy sfkF ivwc hI nhIN bwDf, ieh sfkfdfrI dI mmqf huMdI hY, lhU mfs df sfk. pr ipafr ies qoN awgy hY. ijnHF dy idlF ivwc ho igaf qF afps ivwc imknfqIsI iKwc jMm geI. Blf jI, ijQy ipafr AuQy ibgfnfpn ikQy? kI ihstorIan jI dws skdy hn ik ivafh qoN pihly vhutI-gwBrU afpxy huMdy hn ik ibgfny? pRym-gfQf smJx leI koml ihrdf cfhIey, pwQr ihrdy ipafr dI iPlfsPI nhIN smJ skdy. hF jI, pr awj kwlH dy nhIN, rqI purfqn sol rIPfrmr qF iek dy nF qoN hI qRbkdy hn. ihstorIan sfihb afp fied Aus lIk `qy tury jF asIN AunHF df mMqv nhIN smJy. Yr jy ienHF dI afvf awj kwlH dy muMzy kuVIaF bcfvy, hF jI gMdy qy ivgVy muMzy kuVIaF AuWcf kry qF lfB dI nINh rwKI geI smJo. ihstorIan sfihb ny lflf gxy dfs ruhqfsIey dI `chfr bfg pMjfb` muwK rwiKaf hY. pr jy gxy dfs hI Buwlf hovy qF Pyr Koj kfhdI?
sohxI-mhINvfl fh jhfn dy smyN hoey. AunHF dI vfr qy ikwsy vI ies gwl dy gvfh hn pr asF qF imrF sfihbF df ieiqhfs vyKxf hY. isafl rfjpUqF qy Krl jwtF dy awz-awz iPrky hn. purfxy simaF ivwc jwtF qy rfjpUqF dy afps ivwc sfk nhIN huMdy hn. iehI rukfvt hIr rFJy qy imrf sfihbF dy ivafh hox ivwc sI.
afp imry sfihbF dI Gtnf nfdr fh dy vyly dwsdy hn. ieh AuWkf hI glq hY. imrF sfihbF dI pihlI vfr pIlU fier ny ilKI jo aOrMgyb dy rfj smyN hoieaf (dyKo bMbIhf bol). dUjI vfr ijs df sf pqf hY, hf brKurdfr ny ilKI (dyKo koiel kUk) ar ieh kvI aOrMgyb dy smyN hoey hn. ienHF dI ikqfb XUsP ulYKF 1090 ihjrI (sMmq 1677) ivwc ilKI geI sI pr pIlU kvI ies qoN vI purfxf hY, ikAuNik hfP brKurdfr afpxI vfr ivwc pIlU dI qfrIP krdf hY. aOrMgyb 1658 eI[ qq `qy bYTf ies krky imrf sfihbF fh jhfn dy rfj dy aMqly smyN jF aOrMgyb dy muwZ ivwc hoey hoxgy. imrF sUrmf sI `qy sfihbF GroN kwZ GoVy `qy ibTf ky nTf lY jfxf, kfierqf nhIN. kI ihstorIan jI mhFBfrq Buwl gey? kI ikRn jI df rukmxI lY ky nwTxf jF arjn df ikRn dI BYx lY jfxf kfierqf dIaF gwlF hn? pfTk afpy soc ivcfr kr lYx. afp ny jo iliKaf hY ik imrf vYrIaF vyK GoVI `qy cVH AuWT nwiTaf, qrk vI Buwl igaf, ieh iksy purfqn vfr qoN iswD nhIN huMdf. imrf qy sfihbF kihMdf irhf ik qUM myrf qrk ikAuN tMg idwqf. eysy hfVy ivwc mI ho mr igaf. imrf sUrmf sI, bhfdr sI, ies ivwc rqI vI wk nhIN. aMq vYrIaF ny mI kIqf qy kihMdf hY:-
imrf- mMdf kIqo sux sfihbF, myrf qrk tMigEeI jMz.
iqMn sO kfnI imry jvfn dI, idMdf isaflF vMz.
pihloN mfrdf vIr mIr dy, dUjI kuwly dy qMg.
qIjI mfrF joV ky, ijhdI hYN qUM mMg.
myrI Koj ivwc jo gwlF ienHF afk-mfUkF bfbq afeIaF, afpxy pfTkF dI awK gocrIaF kr idwqIaF hn. mYN lflf gxy dfs dI Koj BrI `chfr bfg` bfbq kuwJ nhIN kih skdf ikAuNik mYN pVHI nhIN.
jo iliKaf hY purfxy iltrycr dI Koj muwK rwK ky iliKaf hY, pfTk jn Buwl-cuwk muaf krnf.
dfs-bfvf buwD isMG
mulqfn, 10 agsq, 1928
- ies lyK dy AuWqr ivwc s: krm isMG jI ny jo AuWqr idwqf Auh awgy drj kIqf jFdf hY.

imrf-sfihbF- nMbr 3
myry lyK imrf-sfihbF` sbMDI jo iafl bfvf buwD isMG jI ny pRgt kIqy hn. AunHF leI mYN afp df aiqaMq DMnvfdI hF pr afm pfTkF BulyKy qoN bcfAux leI hyT ilKIaF sqrF ilKdf hF-
1[ myrf ieh lyK Xf sohxI mhINvfl` myrI iksy Koj df iswtf nhIN hn. mYN pihlF hI ilK idwqf sI ik mYN ieh lyK gxy dfs jI dy afDfr AuWqy ilK irhf hF. jo kuwJ gxy dfs jI ny iliKaf sI Aus df sfr mYN pfTkF awgy rwK idwqf hY aqy Aus dy afDfr Auqy afpxI rfie kfiem kIqI hY. ies lyK ilKx df myrf Bfv ieh sI ik ijhnF swjxF ienHF lyKF nfl idlcspI hovy, AunHF gxy dfs jI dy ibafn df vI pqf lwg jfvy, ikAuNik afp dI qvfrIK CpI nf hox krky afm nhIN imldI.
2[ sohxI mhINvfl dI Gtnf gxy dfs jI sMmq 1789 ibkRmI (1732 eI[) dI ilKdy hn ikAuNik afp gujrfq dy vsnIk sn. ies leI iksy vDIk ordfr sbUq qoN ibnF afp dI qrIk JUT nhIN kihaf jf skdf. afp ny spwt iliKaf hY ik ieh gwl muhMmd fh dy smyN sMmq 1145 ihjrI ivwc hoeI sI. afp ny rUr gujrfq dy buwiZaF pfsoN ieh hfl suixaf hovygf. nhIN qF Auh aYsf spwt nf ilKdy. aYsy sbUq dy huMidaF myrf mn nhIN mMndf ik ieh Gtnf fh jhfn dy smyN hoeI hovy.
3[ gxy dfs jI ny ieh vI iliKaf hY ik imrf df ipqf njIb F ruwsIar df smkflI sI aqy imrf Aus dy ipCly idnF ivwc hoieaf sI.
muhMmd kfsm lfhOrI dy sfhmxy njIb KF PrIdfbfd df imINdfr pMj sO ipafdf lY ky hYdrI JMzy nfl rilaf sI. ieh gwl bhfdr fh dy smyN dI hY. so jd jo ieiqhfskfr ies gwl mMndy hox aqy iewk afpxI awKIN izwTy hfl ilK irhf hovy qF AunHF dI gwl swcf hI mMnxf pYNdf hY. so jy imry df pYdf hoxf PrwKsIar dy smyN ipCly idnF ivwc mMinaf jfvy qF imrf sfihbF dI Gtnf smyN imry dI Aumr aTfrF vIh sfl qoN qF Gwt kI ho skdI hY? so ieh smF nfdr fh dy ihMd vwl afAux dy eyV gyV df hI smF hY.
jykr muhMmd kfsm lfhOrI df njIb KF imINdfr PrIdfbfd, koeI hor njIb KF iksy hors PrIdfbfd df hY, qd vI sf socxf pAU ik gxy dfs ny njIb KF PruwKsIar df smkflI ikAuN iliKaf? aMq Aus ny iksy pfsoN ieh gwl suxI hI hoAU! pr myrf inscf ieh hY ik muhMmd kfsm df njIb KF imINdfr PrIdfbfd qy gxy dfs df njIb KF imINdfr PrIdfbfd ieko hI hn. ies leI imrf sfihbF df smF nfdr fh dy eyV gyV df hI ho skdf hY.
ies gwl df inrxf krnf koeI aOKI gwl nhIN. KrlF dy jiraF qoN ieh gwl sihjy hI iswD kIqI jf skdI hY ik imrf sfihbF dI Gtnf kd hoeI. myrf iKafl hY ik isaflF dI jo qvfrIK iewk muslmfn ieiqhfskfr ny ilKI sI, Aus ivwc imrf sfihbF dI sfrI khfxI idwqI hY aqy isaflF qy KrlF dy afpo ivwc vYr df vwzf kfrn iesy dwisaf hY. ijnHF swjxF ienHF gwlF dI vDIk Koj dI loV hovy, Auh isaflF dy ieiqhfs vyKx.
4[ jykr gxy dfs df ieh ilKxf glq nf hovy ik njIb KF PruwKsIar df smkflI sI qF gxy dfs ny imrf sfihbF sbMDI jo kuwJ iliKaf hY, Aus iksy kvI dy lyK qoN vDIk swcf mMinaf jf skdf hY. kvI sdf afpxy hIro sUrmf bxf idaf krdy sn pr ieiqhfskfr spwt gwlF ilKdf hY ik imrf jMz hyT sON igaf, sfihbF jfgdI rhI, Aus ny imry dy qIrF df BwQf jMz nfl ltkf idwqf. jd qVk sfr dUroN GoiVaF dI tfpF qy ihxkx dIaF avfF afeIaF qF sfihbF afpxy ipwCy suwt ky GoVI duVHf ky PrIdfbfd vwl viDaf aqy ies kfhlI ivwc jMz nfloN qIrF df BwQf qy kmfn lfhuxI vI Auh Buwl gey. vfhrUaF ny ihMmq kr ky imry jf Gyiraf aqy lV ky Aus mfr idwqf.
mYN Pyr kihMdf hF ik jy imrf Aus njIb KF df puwqr sI, jo njIb KF bMdf bhfdr dy smyN iswKF nfl liVaf sI qF gxy dfs dy Auqly ibafn iksy ibD glq nhIN kihaf jf skdf, ikAuN ju gxy dfs ny iliKaf hY, Aus anusfr imrf prly drjy df kfier iswD huMdf hY. Auh sUrmf qd huMdf, jy Auh jfg ky Aus jMz hyT Klo ky lVdf aqy AuQy hI srIr Cwzdf. Aus df AuQoN nwsxf hI Aus dI sUrmqfeI Auqy vwtf hY. sUrmy nwisaf nhIN krdy.
(A) flsf jI mIr mM dI shfieqf leI lfhOr jFdy hn. suwKf isMG mfVI vflf afpxy sfQIaF sxy rfvI twp ky pfr ho jFdf hY. lVfeI dy iKafl krky nhIN, blik suwqy isD hI iPrdf iPrfAuNdf pfr cilaf jFdf hY, awgoN pTfx ienHF vwl vDdy hn. vYrI afAuNidaF vyK ky suwKf isMG jI smJ jFdy hn ik vYrI bhuqy hn aqy asIN igxqI dy, ies leI bcxf aOKf hY. afp Bwj ky bc skdy sn, pr ies afp kfierqf smJdy sn. afp ny sfQIaF ikhf ik ijs jfn ipafrI hY Auh ipwCy muV jfvy pr ijs ny hId hoxf hY Auh sfzy nfl rhy. kuwJ ku isMG muV pey aqy kuwJ ku suwKf isMG jI nfl hI rhy. pTfx afey, lVfeI hoeI aqy sfry isMG hId ho gey. sUrmy ieh sn jo jfnF bcf skdy hn pr vYrI vyK Bwjxf nhIN cfhuMdy sn.
(a) fn bhfdr lfhOr dy sUby ny qfrf isMG vFeIey mfrn leI Oj iqafr kIqI. Oj ny agly idn kUc krnf sI. ieh Kbr lfhOr dy iewk iswK jd hoeI Auh sMJ huMidaF hI GoVI lY ky rfqo-rfq vfeIN puwjf qy qfrf isMG jI Kbr kr idwqI ik svyry lfhOroN afp vwl Oj df kUc hovygf. afp do cfr idn aYDr AuDr ho jfE, Oj iPr qur ky lfhOr muV jfAU. qfrf isMG jI ny DMnvfd kIqf qy ikhf ik asIN nws nhIN skdy pr sIs` dy dyvFgy.
Oj ny lfhOroN kUc kIqf. AunHF df iafl sI ik qfrf isMG suwqy ipaF hI jf PVIey pr vF ipMz df pqf nhIN sI. vF qo iqMn ku kohF Auqy iewk ipMz aYvyN hI Gyr ilaf ik ieQy qfrf isMG rihMdf hY Auh sf PVf dyvo.
muKIey ny ikhf ik Aus df ipMz ieQoN iqMn koh hY. clo mYN rfhy pf afAuNdf hF. Aus ny afpxy BfeI qF qfrf isMG vwl nsf idwqf ik vyly isr br kr dyvy aqy fhI Oj kurfhy pf ky hors ipMz vwl lY igaf ijs nfl Aus df vYr sI. qfrf isMG jd Oj dy afAux dI Kbr lwgI qF afpxy gvFZI df DMnvfd kIqf pr ikhf ik asIN nws nhIN skdy. sgoN Ausy vyly ngfry `qy cot lgf idwqI ik fhI POj aYvyN BtkdI nf iPry.
fhI Oj ivcoN iewk pTfx Ausy vyly ngfry dI syDy nwTf aqy af ky qfrf isMG kihx lwgf ik ikAuN jfn gvfAuNdy ho rqf ienHF JfVF Ehly ho jfvo, asIN ieQy af ky lfhOr muV jfvFgy. pr qfrf isMG jI ny kihaf, Kfn jI! sf mOq df zr nhIN, asIN nws nhIN skdy! `
Auho gwl hoeI! Oj afeI, bfeI sUrmy AunHF dy sfhmxy ho ky lVy aqy lVdy lVdy hId ho gey. sUrmy ieh sn, so jfnF bcf skdy sn pr vYrI afAuNdf sux ky nwsxf nhIN cfhuMdy sn.
(e) s: qfrf isMG zwlovflIey dI imsl ivwc iewk srdfr imwq isMG imsldfr sI. aihmd fh srhMd igrdy sI qy sfrf flsf jmnf kMZy ipaf sI. srdfr imwq isMG dy idl afeI ik jmnf twp ky kuwJ ielfkf hI Augrfh ilafeIey.
jd srdfr qfrf isMG ies gwl dI br lwgI qF afp ny ikhf ik aihmd fh dUr dUr nf jfxo. QoVHy ijhy flsy lY jfvogy qy sfiraF mrvf afvogy. pr srdfr imwq isMG ny ikhf nf mMinaf aqy pMj hfr jvfn lY ky jmnf twp igaf.
ieh ielfkf njIb-Aul-dOlf df sI, jo afp qF Aus smyN aihmd fh pfs sI qy ielfky df pRbMD Aus df puwqr fbqf KF krdf sI. fbqf KF srdfr imwq isMG rok nf sikaf. ienHF ny idnF ivwc hI bhuq sfrf ielfkf Augrfh ilaf aqy myrT lY ky Aus vI jf Augrfihaf. fbqf KF abdflI pfs puwjf aqy jhfn KF afpxy nfl lY ky myrT vwl viDaf. jhfn KF ny CUt kIqI aqy qVksfr suwqy pey isMGF jf ilaf, ijnHF vYrI dy afAux df icq-cyqf vI nhIN sI. isMG sMBly aqy lVfeI Coh ky srdfr imwq isMG ny sB kih idwqf ik jy koeI ihMmq kr ky jmnf twp skdf hY twp jfvy qy jfn bcf lvy pr asIN qF ieQy hI rhFgy. jfn bcf ky gey qF sfry isMG kihxgy ik isMGF mrvf ky af igaf hY. so srdfr imwq isMG aV igaf jo sfry hI hId ho gey. sUrmy ieh sn!
mYN sUrimaF dIaF khfxIaF pVHIaF hoeIaF hn. mYN imry sUrmf kIkUM afKF? rMnF kwZx vfly kdy sUrmy nhIN ho skdy. imrf sUrmf qd huMdf, jy Auh afpxy sfQI lY ky jFdf aqy mrdF dI jnyq pfsoN Koh ky sfihbF lY jFdf. jd vYrIaF ny Gyr ilaf qF aMq lVnf hI sI pr ieh lVnf sUrimaF df lVnf nhIN sI ieh corF df lVnF sI.
5[ pRym swcmuc iewk AuWcI avsQf hY, pr hIr-rFJy, imrf-sfihbF jF sohxI-mhINvfl ivwc mYN Auh pRym nhIN vyKdf, ijs dI Aupmf kIqI jf sky. mYN mihsUs krdf hF ik ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy-kuVIaF sn. jykr ieh kih ky mYN iksy mlUk mn swt lfeI hY qF ies leI mYN imf df jfck hF.
aMq ivwc mYN Pyr kihMdf hF ik mYN ieh lyK AunHF leI ilKy hn, ijnHF ienHF lyKF nfl idlcspI hY aqy iewk ieiqhfskfr dy lyK df sMKyp AunHF awgy rwK idwqf hY ik fied iksy dy kuwJ kMm af sky! ieh ivf nf myrI Koj ivwc fiml hY aqy nf hI mYN ies sbMDI afpxf smF dy skdf hF.
[ rsflf PulvfVI, akqUbr 1928 eIsvI, pMnf 928

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