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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 

bwbU mfn dy bhfny
- blivMdr gryvfl

 

lflf lfjpq rfey bfry kIqI afpxI itwpxI qwQ rUp ivc TIk hox dy bfvjUd bwbU mfn vwloN pRgt kIqf Kyd nf isrP AuhdI iemfndfrI hI sfbq krdf hY sgoN Auhdy klfkfr idl ivc iCpI smfijk ijMmyvfrI vI sfhmxy ilafAuNdf hY.pr gwl iewQy Kqm nhIN huMdI.mfmlf adflq 'c hY qy smJ lYxf cfhIdf hY ik icrF qoN AuzIkdIaF iDrF nMU ijhVf hiQafr bwbU mfn ny PVf idwqf hY Auh CyqI kIqy iehnMU hwQoN jfx nI dyxgIaF.mslf iek hor pwDr qy vI gMBIr hY.bwbU mfn dy gIq dy bolF ivcoN iPrkfpRsqI dI ijhVI bU afAuNudI hY Auh pMjfbI adbI adfiraF, smuwcy pMjfbI sfihq aqy BfeIcfrk srokfrF leI iPkr vflI gwl hY. pMjfb ivc rfjnIqk qOr qy jF Drm dy Auhly ivc jo kuJ vI vfpiraf: 1947 ivc lok vrglfey vI gey pr pMjfbI sfihq dy kfimaF ny iPrkU ivcfrF dy iKlfP hI jMg lVI.ieh iek vwzf durBfg hY ik bwbU mfn df gIq sfzI ies pRMprf ivc nFh-pwKI vwZ mfrdf hY. jy Putbfl kwp dy muhfvry ivc gwl krnI hovy qF afiKr kfr ieh ikwk 'afqm-GfqI gol' ivc bdl jfx df zr hY.
pMjfbI itRibAUn(11/7/02) ivc Cpy srvx isMG horF dy lyK ivc vI ies gwl vwl TIk sMkyq kIqy gey hn.srvx isMG jI ies gwl leI vDfeI dy pfqr hn ik Auhnf ny muwdy nMU gMBIrqf nfl ivcfr ky sfihqk iDrF df dKl ilaFdf hY.BfvyN ik Auhnf dIaF sfrIaF DfrnfvF nfl iksy dI sihmqI nf vI hovy.mYnMU Kud nMU 'dysL BgqI' dy aijhy sMklp nfl idwkq af jFdI hY ikAuNik iek iswK hox dy nfqy dysL BgqI dI ieh Dfrnf myry aMdr vsy 'srbwq dy Bly' dy aqy 'srb sFJIvflqf' dy 'hwdF qoV' sMdysL nfl tkrf jFdI hY aqy smuwcI mfnvqf nfl sMvfd dy Gyry nMU sOVf krdI lgdI hY. ies qrHF qF mfnvqf leI iensfP dI jMg lVdf Bgq isMG pihlF BfrqI,iPr pMjfbI qy iPr iswK, afrIaf smfjI jF kimAUinst rih jfvygf. iensfP leI mfnvI ijMmyvfrI kfrn hI qF ierfk jF aPgfinsqfn ivc amrIkI hmly dy iKlfP mujfhry krdy amrIkI lok sfnMU dysL DrohI nhIN lgdy.srvx isMG horF dy lyK ivc myrI gwl sfbq vI huMdI hY.lflf lfjpq rfey nMU Bfrq dI jMgy afjLfdI df sLhId bxfAux qoN bfad Auh Auhnf nUM isrP ZuwzIky vfilaF df bMdf bxf Drdy hn ijhdy iKlfP boly gey sLbdF df duwK iek ipMz nMU hI hoieaf hovy qy ies leI mfP krn df hwk vI ZuwzIky vfilaF nMU hI bxdf hY.
bwbU mfn bfry ieh gwl afm sunx nMU imldI hY ik Auh pVHn vflf lok-gfiek-gIqkfr-iPlmkfr hY.pRsLMsLfXog gwl hY.bwbU mfn ny afpxy 'mfPInfmy' ivc afpxy ikqfbI sRoq df hvflf vI idwqf hY.pr kuwJ pVHnf qy pVHy hoey nMU gRihx krnf do vwK 2 gwlF hn.iksy vI gwl nMU gvfh bxfAuxf vwzI ijLMmyvfrI bxdI hY.jy qusIN 'sfcI sfKI' dI iek gwl nMU qsdIk krdy ho qF Ausy hI ikqfb dy iksy hor kFz nMU rwd nhIN kr skdy.ies qrHF jfxy-axjfxy bwbU mfn iesy ikqfb ivc isrdfr kpUr isMG vwloN Bgq isMG bfry kIqIaF bhuq sfrIaF nf-svIkfrnXog itwpxIaF qy vI qsdIkI mohr lf idMdf hY.lokF duafrf kdoN dI rwd kIqI jf cuwkI ikqfb nMU kyNdr ivc ilaf idwqf igaf hY.zr ieh hY ik bwbU mfn dI suJfeI ikqfb lok pVHngy, sLhId Bgq isMG bfry pfey BulyiKaF ivc AulJxgy.
ikAuNik gwl bwbU mfn dy bhfny nfl sLurU hoeI hY qF ipwCy ijhy crcf ivc rhy bwbU mfn dy 'bfibaF' bfry gIq df iKafl afAuxf kudrqI hY.bwbU mfn ny iek BKdy muwdy nMU sfhmxy ilaf ky ijhVI spys pYdf kIqI sI, asIN Auhdy 'c dfKl hI nhIN hoey.bhuq cMgf mOkf sI ik pMjfb df buwDIjIvI vrg pMjfb dy ies BfrU vrqfry bfry aqy vD rhy zyrfvfd dy smfijk/afriQk aqy rfjnIqk kfrnf aqy pRBfvF bfryy gMBIr crcf CyVdf. PYslf lYxf bxdf sI ik bfibaF mgr lok Dwky hoey jFdy ny ik iKwcy hoey.DwkF dIaF ijmyvfr iDrF qYa krnIaF bxdIaF sn qy dwsxf bxdf sI ik bfibaF dI hfjrI Brdy rfjnIqk nyqfvF df ies sB kfsy nfl kI irsLqf bxdf hY! lokF ny qF QF 2,Kfs qOr qy mMdrF-gurdvfiraF ivc ieh gIq vjf ky 'bfibaF' pRqI afpxI nf-psMdgI drsf idwqI sI.crcf dI iek vjHf hor vI ho skdI sI. Aus gIq dI iek sqr bhuq iDafn dyx Xog sI.
iehnf anpVH bIbIaF ny
bMdy glL rwb dI qKqI pf'qI
ies sqr ny iek vwzI gVbV kr idwqI. bwbU mfn ny ijhVy vrqfry dI aflocnf krnI sI qy afpxy jfxy 'kfrF vfly bfibaF' nMU inMdxf sI,Auh ipwCy rih igaf.hoieaf ieh ik ies smfijk vrqfry leI aOrq ijMmyvfr bxf idwqI geI. (pihlF hI kfbj mrd ny ivgV rhy qfxy bfxy df BFzf aOrq isr hor BMnxf sLurU kr idwqf) ieh gIq aOrqF nMU moV 2 suxfieaf igaf.bwbU mfn ies sqr df aOrq ivroDI Kfsf Buwl igaf.AuNJ Buwl qF Auh do gwlF hor vI igaf.pihlI ieh ik bfibaF mUhry hwQ joVI bYTIaF jy 'anpVH bIbIaF' hn,qF gOx-vfilaF mUhry nwcdy sLrfbI vI anpVHF qoN QoVHy ijhy hI Gwt(ijMnI ku sLrfb pIqI huMdI hY) smJdfr huMdy hn.dUjI gwl bfby nfnk nfl iek 'rbfbI' mrdfnf vI sI qy dunIaF Auhny vI qur ky hI gfhI sI.ikAuNik sfzI gfiekI dI pRMprf afpxy afp nMU mrdfny nfl joVdI hY ies leI bwbU mfn anusfr gOx vfilaF nMU vI qurky hI dunIaF gfhuxI cfhIdI hY.mfn sfihb iehnf 'mrdfny dy vfirsF' dIaF kfrF qy koeI ieqrfj nhIN krdy.'afpxy bMidaF' nfl ieh irafieq iensfP psMd iDrF nMU sLoBdI nI.
bwbU mfn dy ies gIq dy bhfny asl ivc Auhnf do vrqfiraF bfry gwl krnI bxdI sI ijhVy ieko smy qy pMjfb ivc aihmIaq hfsl krdy hn. ipClI sdI dy nOvyN dhfky dy aMqly vrHy sovIaq XUnIan df tuwtxf,dsvyN dhfky dy pihly vrHy acfnk iek sfbkf 'vrlz bYNk' aiDkfrI df Bfrq df ivq mMqrI bx jfxf qy Bfrq df 'globlfeIjLz' ho jfxf aqy AusqoN aYn agly hI vrHy pMjfb ivc bfrHF virHaF qoN cwldI mfrf mfrI df idnf ivc hI Kqm hI nhIN sgoN iek dm sLFq ho jfxf,kI mihjL iek sbwb sI jF iksy vzyry 'globl iPnfmny' df iek ihwsf mfqr.pMjfb dy 'ieMtYlIjYNsIaf' dy isr ies df afm lokF dy smJ afAux vflf jvfb dyx dI 'pIqI'(vfrI) ajyy bfkI hY.gfAux vfly aqy bfby vI AudoN hI pMjfb nMU pY inkldy hn.pMjfb acfnk hI iek jsLnvI dOr ivc dfKl ho jFdf hY.pMjfb ivc BfeIcfrk eykqf leI vwzIaF kurbfnIaF dyx df dfavf krn vflIaF KwbIaF iDrF acfnk hI vrolLy 'c Auz geI lIr vFg gfieb ho jFdIaF hn.iehnf iDrF qoN afs sI ik nvIN siQqI nMU smJx leI aqy ies nMU hF-pwKI moVf dyx leI lokF 'c jfxgIaF.pr acfnk KfmosLI Cf geI.ijhVIaF pfrtIaF qy lIzr hux qwk sovIaq XUnIan dy sYnItorIamF ivc suK Bogdy rhy sn,ijhnf dy bwcy sovIaq XUnIan ivc Auc ividaf hfisl krdy rhy sn Auhnf df jor ieh sfbq krn qy lwg igaf ik AuQy qF smfjvfd afieaf eI nI!
ies iKlfa ivc Auh gwl vfprI ijhVI isafxy kihMdy ny qy sfieMs sfbq krdI hY ik jdoN hvf rumkxI bMd ho jFdI hY qF pYdf hoieaf Klfa nyHrIaF leI sfjLgfr hflfq pYdf krdf hY.iksy sfrQk sMvfd dI gYrhfjrI 'c pulIs duafrf spFsr kIqy 'swiBafcfrk myly' sLurU ho gey.pqf nI ikhVI gwloN sfrf pMjfb 'nwc AuiTaf'.bfibaF qy gfAuxy vfilaF ny DUVF pwt idwqIaF. iek awDy bfby df jhfj qF aYnf Auwcf Auizaf ik sQfpqI dI ihwk 'c vI jf vwijaf. rPlF ,hiQafr ijhVy moiZaF qoN Auqry sn,gIqF 'c duhrfey gey vrqfiraF df rUp Dfr gey.swc muc hiQafr vfhux vfly sfzy nfiek acfnk sfzy lok gIqF 'coN gfieb ho gey.sLrfb aOrq qy hiQafr gIq dI ieko sqr 'c bIV idwqy gey.
iedoN pihlF ik iksy dy koeI gwl smJ afAuNdI,srkfrI nOkrI qoN ibnf hr srkfrI sMsQf (skUl,hspqfl, tYlIPon afid aqy iewQoN qwk ik srkfr vI) inkMmI qy gYr BrosyXog bxf idwqI geI .aYm[aYn[sI[ rfj af igaf . smfijk sMsQfvF ivc ivafh,(kuC dyr bafd lohVIaF vI) GrF qoN pYlsF 'c, pVHfeI pbilk skUlF 'c, sfeIkl skUtr motr sfeIklF 'c,muMzf dyKx afeI iDr 'sfmI' 'c qy Gr koTIaF 'c bdl cuky sI.ivafh dy gIq gfAuNdIaF cfcIaF qfeIaF dIaF hykF dm qoV geIaF.iehI Auh smF sI jdoN ivafh 'c idwqI jFdI 'gwT' kfrz 'c bdlI qy ivafh bfry ijhVy do jrUrI svfl puwCy jFdy Auh sn;
ikhVy pYlys 'c! gOx aflf ikhVY?
ieh qF hux mfVI jI smJ afAux lwgI aY beI jmInf qF bhuq bfad 'c mihMgIaF hoeIaF,Auhnf dy vycy jfx leI loVINdy krjy dy boJ df pRbMD pihlF kIqf igaf sI.AuNJ ieh gwl qF sfzy ajy qwk smJ nI afeI ik pYlsF 'c nwcdy jwt Gr jf ky afqmhwiqaf ikAuN kr lYNdy ny!
bfby qy bwbU mfn df BfeIcfrf qF iek hiQafr mfqr sI. anpVH aOrqF qy dilq, bfibaF muhry qy 'tfeIaF vfly' skUlF 'coN ivhly ho gey 'pVHy ilKy' gOx vfilaF dI hjUrI 'c jf vwjy.bMdy dy gl rwb dI qKqI pOx vflIaF aOrqF dI spys Gr 'c ilaf 2 rwKIaF byloVIaF cIjF Kf geIaF. qy afiKr 'c ieh hoxI vI vfpr geI ik TMzy df mqlb 'kokf kolf' rih igaf qy pMjfbI mF dI sB qoN vwD syvf krn df dm Brn vfly gurdfs mfn df lok-gIqF nfl irsLqf vI kokf kolf vrgf eI rih igaf.dunIaF dI iksy bolI 'c afpxy swiBafcfr nMU kwZI geI qusIN ieMnI mMdI gfl suxI aY kdy? 'KusLIaF dI ptfrI' KolHx leI pYsy lYky mfrI geI gurdfs mfn dI lyr nfl myry vrgy Ausdy pRsLMsLkF dy ihridaF 'coN vigaf lhU ajy qwk nI QMimHaf.

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