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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 


pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)
- hrjIq atvfl
 

 

(smrwQ glpkfr hrjIq atvfl ny afpxy ipqf srdfr drsLn isMG dI jIvnI ilKI hY. ieh jIvnI afm jIvnIaF vFg iksy ivsLysL ivakqI dI jIvnI nf ho ky iek sfDfrn bMdy dI jIvnI hY. eysy ivc iesdI ivlwKxqf hY. asIN sIrq dy pfTkf leI iesnUM lVIvfr Cfpx df inrxf kIqf hY. pysL hY iesdy muZly aMsL-sMpfdk)

kuJ gwlF
mYN ies ikqfb ivc afpxy ipqf dI ijLMdgI nUM vwK vwK irsLiqaF rfhIN smJx dI koisLsL kIqI hY ies leI jIvnI ilKx df ieh qrIkf apxfieaf hY. myry ipqf dy vwK vwK irsLqy afpxy ZMg nfl khfxI ibafn kr rhy hn. ho skdf hY ik moh vs huMidaF mYN irsLiqaF qoN bhuqI dUrI qy nf KV sikaf hovF ies leI muafPI cfhuMdf hF.
(hrjIq atvfl)

pihlf Bfg
sfAUaF df ipMz: Prflf

Prflf sfAUaF dy ipMz dy qOr qy jfixaf jFdf irhf hY. ieh atvflF df ipMz hY qy atvflF df sfAUpuxf pUry ielfky ivc msLhUr hY. ies dy nfl hI Prflf duafby df iek aihm ipMz hY. gUgl ivc pf ky dyKIey qF ieh PgvfVy qoN mfihlpur jfx vflI sVk qy siQwq hY. pr ieh Auh sVk nhIN jo asl ivc hY jF afm qOr qy vrqI jFdI hY. asl sVk bihrfm ivc dI GuMm jFdI hY pr nksLy vflI sVk PgvfVy qoN iswDI Prfly huMdI hoeI mfihlpur cly jFdI hY. ieh sPr bihrfm ivc dI sVk nfloN iqMn-cfr iklomItr Gwt hY. ieh sVk vI vrqoN ivc hY pr ies dI hflq bhuqI vDIaf nf hox krky ieh afm nhIN hY. Prfly dy afly duafly keI Coty vwzy ipMz lgdy hn. iehnF ivc iek sMDvF hY. keI lok iehnF donF ipMzF df iekwT nF lYNdy hn; sMDvF-Prflf. ieh dovoN ipMz afpxy afp ivc ajLfd hn. Prflf kfPI vwzf ipMz hY. do hjLfr qoN vD vot vflf. iek hjLfr qoN vwD Gr. ieh iezf ku hY ik ies ivcoN hux do ipMz bxf idqy gey hn. bfhrlI abfdI hux alwg nF rwK ky afpxy afp ivc vwKrf ipMz bx geI hY. Prflf smyN smyN afpxf srUp bdldf irhf hY. hornF ipMzF vFg ieh PYliraf qF hY pr ieMnf nhIN ijMnf ies df gvFZI ipMz bihrfm qrwkI kr igaf hY. bihrfm myn roz qy hY qy Prflf kuJ htvF hY. sMn sMqflI qoN bfad ijhnF jgfvF ivc lokF dIaF psLU bMnx vflIaF hvylIaF sn AuhnF ivc lok afpxy Gr lY afAux lgy qy hvylIaF agy KyqF ivc lY gey. iPr hor qrwkI nfl KyqF ivc bxIaF hvylIaF ivc Gr cly gey qy hvylIaF hor agy ho geIaF. duafby dy hor ipMzF vFg Prfly ivc vI byihsfbf koTIaF bx geIaF hn. ies ipMz dI sB qoN vwzI Gtnf ieh hY ik isKF dy sqvI guru hir rfey sfihb ies ipMz ivc afpxy crn pfey hn. Auh duafby ivc iswKI df prcfr krdy smyN kuJ idn ies ipMz ivc Tihrdy hn. ies leI sqvIN pfqsLfhI df Prfly ivc gurdvfrf vI hY. pihlIaF ivc ieh gurdvfrf Cotf hI sI pr smyN nfl bhuq kuJ qbdIl huMdf irhf hY. sMn 1915-20 ivc ies gurdvfry nUM vwzf bxfieaf igaf sI. gurdvfry dy nfl hI iek KUbsUrq bfg hoieaf krdf sI. ijs ivc iksy vyly nFgf sfD irhf krdf sI. nFgy sfD bfry msLhUr sI ik Auh afAux vfly BivwK dIaF gwlF kiraf krdf sI. Aus dI smfD qF hfly ies bfg ivc hY. ies jgfh dy nvyN mflk blijMdr isMG ny ies jgfh nUM mMnx vfilaF leI ieh jgfh alwg ijhI rwK CwzI hY pr ies bfg dy asl mflk bfvy ies jgfh nUM hux vyc gey hn. awDI ku blijMdr ny qy bfkI dI iksy hor twbr ny KrId leI hY. gurdvfry dy afly duafly bfivaF dI kfPI jgfh sI. ieh bfvy bydI-KqrI sn. hux iehnF df isrP iek hI Gr ipMz ivc hY pihlF iehnF df kfPI bolbfl irhf hY. gurdvfry dy nfl hI iek KUbsUrq qlf hoieaf krdf sI. ijs ivc sq pOVIaF AuqrdIaF sn. lok ieQy nhfieaf krdy sn qy kpVy vI Doieaf krdy sn. pfxI bhuq sfP huMdf sI. ies qlf dy kMZy vwzIaF BfrIaF bohVF huMdIaF sn jo qlf dy pfxI nUM TMzf rKdIaF. pr smF pf ky qlf df pfxI gMdf huMdf igaf blik ieh CwpV hI bx igaf. bohVF kwt idqIaF geIaF. iPr qlf pUr idqf igaf qy ieh jgfh gurdvfry ivc imlf leI geI qy ajkl ies jgfh hux vwzf qy suMdr gurdvfrf dyKx nUM imldf hY. koeI smF sI ik gurdvfry df insLfn sfihb qy bfg dIaF KjUrF keI mIl bfhr qoN ids pYNdIaF sn.
ipMz dy ivc ivckfr imwTy pfxI df iek KUh hoieaf krdf sI jo bfby hdfl dy smyN ivc lgfieaf igaf sI. ies nUM gBlf KUh ikhf jFdf sI. ies KUh ivcoN mihry svyry svyry pfxI Brdy qy lokF dy GrF ivc puwjdf krdy. iPr Gr Gr nlky lg gey ijhnF kfrn KUh dI vrqoN Gt geI. iPr ipMz ivc pfxI vflI tYNkI bx geI qF nlky vI PjLUl ho gey. aijhy smyN KUh dI koeI jLrUrq nf hox krky ipMz df gBlf KUh pUr idqf igaf. ies nUM pUr ky ies QF Aupr gol QVf bxf idqf igaf hY. ies jgfh nUM hfly vI gBlf KUh hI ikhf jFdf hY.
Prflf aihm ipMz ies qrF hY ik jd rfjf rxjIq isMG ny iksy aMgryjL nUM duafby dy Kfs Kfs ipMzF bfry jfxkfrI idqI qF Prflf AuhnF ivcoN iek sI. ieQy dsvIN qk skUl AunIvIN sdI qoN cl irhf hY Bfv ik sMn 1870 dy krIb qoN. iksy smyN ieh borizMg skUl irhf hY. dUroN dUroN ividafrQI ieQy pVn afAuNdy rhy hn. ipCly pwcI qIh sfl ivc hI pMjfb srkfr ny nvyN skUl bxfey hn nhIN qF bhuq dyr qk afly duafly dy ipMzF dy ividafrQI Prfly pVdy rhy hn. koeI vylf aijhf vI sI ik ieQy mYtirk qk dy do skUl hoieaf krdy sn. iek srkfrI qy iek prfeIvyt. ieQy zfkKfnf AuhnF idnF ivc hI bx igaf sI ijhnF idnF ivc aMgryjLF ny zfkKfny bxfAuxy sLurU kIqy sn. ieh vIhvIN sdI dy arMB dI gwl hY sLfied sMn 1905 dy krIb dI. jdoN aMgryjLF ny pMjfb dy Kfs ipMzF ivc Kfs shUlqF muhweIaf krnIaF sLurU kIqIaF qF Prfly df nF AuhnF dI ilst ivc sLfml sI. Prfly dy zfkKfny ivc qfrGr vI AudoN hI bx igaf jdoN aMgryjLF ny pMjfb ivc qfrGr bxfAuxy sLurU kIqy sn. ievyN hI srkfrI hspqfl vI bhuq purfxf hY. jdoN aMgryjLF ny ipMzF ivc hspqfl Kohly qF iek hspqfl Prfly ivc vI Kohilaf igaf. hux ieh hspqfl nvF qy vwzf bx igaf hY. ieQy dysI KMz bxfAux dIaF KMcIaF sMn 1970 qk lgdIaF rhIaF hn. jdoN ipMzF ivc pfxI vflIaf tYNkIaF bxn lgIaF qF afly duafly dy ipMzF ivcoN sB qoN pihlI tYNkI Prfly ivc hI bxI. iek hor gwl ies ipMz nUM aihm bxfAuNdI hY ik iswKF dy sqvyN gurU gurU hir rfey sfihb dy crn ies ipMz ivc pey hoey hn. jdoN Auh duafby ivc iswKI df prcfr krn inkly qF Prfly ivc af ky kuJ idn rhy. Prfly dy bhuq sfry bisLMdy isK bx gey. sqvyN pfqsLfhI dI Xfd ivc ipMz ivc iehqfsk gurdvfrf hY. ajkl ies gurdvfry nUM nvIN idwK vflf qy bhuq KUbsUrq bxf idqf igaf hY.
Prfly ivc isrP iswK hI nhIN hn ihMdU qy muslmfn vI vsdy hn. ieQy keI mMidr hn, zyry vI hn qy gurdvfry vI keI hn qy iek mjijd vI hY. pfiksqfn bxn qoN bfad ieQy muslmfnF df isrP mrfsIaF df Gr rih igaf sI pr hux muV keI Gr ho gey hn qy msijd ivc muV bFg idqI jfx lgI hY.
iek Prfly dI aihm gwl ieh hY ik ieQoN dy vfsI nvIN tYknOljI dy hfx dy hn. iehnF ny afpxy ipMz dI iek vYWb bxfeI hoeI hY. hornF ipMzF dI aijhI vYWb bhuq Gwt dyKx nUM imldI hY. ivdysLF ivc vsdy PrflIaF ny gOrimMt skUl ivc kMipAUtrF df ieMqjLfm kr idqf hY. kdy ieQoN dI kbwzI dI tIp pMjfb pwDr dI rhI hY. ievyN hI vflIbfl dI tIm vI. pihly mhF-XuwD qy dUjy mhF-XuD ivc qy iPr cIn dI lVfeI qy iPr do lVfeIaF pfiksqfn nfl ies ipMz dy keI jvfn kMm afey hn. sLhId hoey hn. Prfly dI iek hor aihmIaq ieh hY ik ieh sfAUaF df ipMz hY, ies dy bisLMdy kdy iksy dy isr nhIN afAuNdy. ieho kfrn hY ik ijhVf krmcfrI iek vfr Prfly af jFdf hY Auh ieQoN df hI ho ky rih jFdf hY. bhuq sfry lok jo skUl, zfkKfny, ibjlI-dPqr, hspqfl jF iksy hor srkfrI adfiraF ivc nOkrI krn Prfly afAuNdy hn qF smF pf ky Prfly dy pwky bisLdy bx ky rih jFdy hn. ipMz dy lok bhuq sfAU hn ies leI nvyN bMdy leI ieQy vs skxf sOKf hY nhIN qF nvIN jgfh vsxf bhuq musLkl huMdf hY.
pMjfb dy bhuqy ipMzF dIaF mohVIaF pMj-Cy sO sfl pihlF hI gwzIaF geIaF hn. ipMz vsfAux nUM mohVI gwzxI ikhf jFdf hY. ies ihsfb nfl Prflf vI pMj ku sO sfl pihlF hI visaf hY. bhuqy ipMzF df shI iehqfs sfzy qk nhIN puwjdf. afm qOr qy ieqhfs bfry iQAUrIaF hI kMm krdIaF hn. ipMzF df ieqhfs sFB rwKx df kMm iksy hwd qk aMgryjLF dy afAux qy hI sLrU huMdf hY. AudoN vI pypr bhuqI vDIaf iksm df nf hox krky jF sMBflx dy vDIaf qrIky nf hox krky ieqhfs shI qrFH nhIN imldf. ipMz Prfly df bhuqf ieqhfs vI mUMhoN mUMh agy puijaf hoieaf hY. ies ivc smyN anusfr bhuq sfrf glq vI af skdf hY. iek mUMh qoN dUjy mUMh qk puwjdI gwl bdl jfieaf krdI hY. hjLfrF khfxIaF, sfKIaF, bfqF, lqIPy cldy BfvyN pIVHI dr pIVHI hn pr iehnF dy rUp bdl jfieaf krdy hn. hux ieMtrnYWt Aupr Prfly dI vYWb ivc ies df ieqhfs iekwTf krn dI koisLsL kIqI jf rhI hY, sLfied iek idn aslIaq dy nyVy df ieqhfs iliKaf jf sky.
ijs QIAUrI nUM swc dy nyVy rwiKaf jf skdf hY Aus muqfbk ieh ipMz bfby hdfl ny vsfieaf hY. bfbf hdfl rfjsQfn qoN afieaf jwt sI. bfby hdfl df kbIlf AUT pfilaf krdf sI. qy ies nUM AUtvfl ikhf jFdf sI. AUtvfl sLbd CyqI hI ivgV ky atvfl bx igaf. ijhVy ielfikaF ivc AUt nUM AUT ikhf jFdf hY AuQy atvfl vI aTvfl hn Bfv ik ijvyN AUt qoN AUtvfl qy iPr atvfl ievyN hI AUT qoN AUTvfl qy iPr aTvfl.
hfly vI bfby hdfl dI gwdI ipMz ivc hY ijs dI lok mfnqf krdy hn. bfby hdfl dI ieh Auh gwdI hY ijs Aupr bYT ky Auh ipMz dy lokF dIaF gwlF suixaf krdf sI. AuhnF dIaF isLkfieqF dUr krn dI koisLsL krdf sI. ies gwdI pRqI ipMz dy lokF dI aQfh sLrDf hY. hux ieh XkIn nfl nhIN ikhf jf skdf ik ipMz Prfly dI mohVI bfby hdfl ny gwzI sI jF Aus dy ipE ny pr ipMz df sB qoN pihlf ibjLurg bfbf hdfl hI hY. bfby hdfl dy iqMn Brf sn. AuhnF iqMnF ivcoN iek ny Kurd pur jf ky mohVI gwz leI qy dUjy ny jlMDr kol icwtI ipMz vsf ilaf qy qIjf gurdfs pur ijLly ivc jf visaf. Aus ny AuQy jf ky atvfl nF df ipMz vsfieaf jo sQfnk bolI ivc AUt nUM AUT kihx kfrn aTvfl bx igaf. cfr BrfvF dy cfr ipMz ho gey. atvflF dy cfr ipMz pr atvflF dy jTyry Prfly ivc hI hn.
Prflf, icwtI, Kurdpur qy aTvfl. cfr ipMzF qoN ibnF atvflF df koeI hor ipMz nhIN hY. ijhVf vI koeI atvfl imldf hY Auh iehnF cfr ipMzF nfl iksy nf iksy qrFH bfvsqf hY. kuJ atvfl hirafxy ivc imldy hn pr Auh vI iksy vyly Prfly qoN hI gey hoey hn. sfry atvfl jwt hn. iek do vwzy nF hornF jfqF ivcoN votF lYx leI jF iksy hor kfrn afpxy afp nUM atvfl khfAux lg pey hn pr Auh atvfl nhIN hn. jdoN aMgryjLF ny bfrF vsfeIaF qF bhuq sfry atvfl AuDr cly gey. AuQy jf ky Prflf nF df iek ipMz vI vsf ilaf jo ik lfielpur qy aj dy PYslfbfd ivc hfly vI Guwg vsdf hY. bfrF vsfAux vfsqy bhuqy atvfl Prfly ivcoN hI gey sn. pfiksqfn bxn qoN bfad Prflf ieMny PrflIaF nUM sFBxXog nf irhf. Prfly dI jLmIn sImq sI qy ieh PrflIey bfr ivc keI keI murwibaF dy mflk sn so ieh afly duafly dy ipMzF ivc ijQy vI jLmIn iml skI sYWtl ho gey. hux duafby dy keI ipMzF ivc atvfl bYTy hn.
iek iQAUrI anusfr bfbf hdfl nfl dy ipMz sMDvIN ivafihaf hoieaf sI. ies iQAUrI anusfr iesy kfrn hI donF ipMzF df nF iekwTf ilaf jFdf hY. pr bfby dy sMDvIN ivafhy hox bfry koeI Kfs dMd kQf suxn ivc nhIN afeI. hF, ieh gwl pwk hY ik bfby hdfl dy swq puwq sn. rfm cMd, sfihb cMd, dIpf mwl, nfgr mwl, sONDf mwl, kysr mwl qy Bfg mwl. bfby hdfl dIaF DIaF bfry do mwq hn. iek mwq anusfr do DIaF sn; vwzI mfgF qy CotI rfjF. dUjy mwq dy ihsfb nfl cfr DIaF sn; mfgF, rfjF, sFgf qy crfgF. iehnF cfr DIaF dy nF qy ipMz ivc KUh vI lfey gey mfgF vflf KUh, rfjF vflf KUh, sFgF vflf KUh qy crfgF vflf KUh. ieh cfrF dy cfr KUh hfly vI kfiem hn ies leI cfr DIaF vflI QIAUrI shI jfpdI hY. bfby dy swqF puwqF dy nfvF qy swq pwtIaF bxIaF. vYsy Prfly ivc jwtF dIaF pwtIaF qF ds hn. iqMn hor pwtIaF hn dwgo pwtI, lwDf pwtI qy mIr mwTf pwtI. iehnF iqMnF pwtIaF nfl bfby hdfl df koeI isDf sbMD nhIN hY. sgoN keI ivroDqfeIaF dyKx nUM imldIaF hn ijhnF df ijLkr afpF agy jf ky krFgy. kuJ aMgryjL ieqhfskfrF ny jwtF dy goqF bfry sMKyp ijhIaF itpxIaF kIqIaF. AuhnF gwlF nUM hI agy vDf ky pMjfbI ivc vI kuJ ikqfbF dyKx nUM imldIaF hn ijhnF ivc atvfl goq bfry iliKaf igaf hY pr ieh sB XkInXog nhIN hY. XkInXog Auho hY jo sfzy qk sfzy ibjLurgF rfhIN pwuijaf hY. sMn swT qk Prfly ivc sfry dy sfry atvfl hI vsdy sn. kuJ iek Gr bwlF qy shoiqaF dy vI sn. ieh Auh vylf sI ik iksy nUM pqf cldf sI ik ieh Prfly qoN hY qF ies df arQ ieh huMdf sI ik ieh atvfl hI hovygf. pr hux Prfly ivc hor vI bhuq sfry goq dyKx nUM imldy hn. ieh sfry atvflF dy irsLqydfr hI hn jo hflfq kfrn Prfly ivc af vsy hn. ieh sB goq iksy nf iksy qrFH atvflF nfl juVy hoey hn. pihlF iek guldsqy ivc atvfl nF dy hI Puwl sn hux rMgbrMgy Pwul dyKx nUM iml rhy hn.
jd ipMz vsfieaf jFdf hY qF hornF jLLfqF nUM vI afpxy nfl ilaf jFdf hY. AuhnF idnF ivc bMdy dI jLfq Aus dy kMm nfl bwJI huMdI sI. bfby hdfl ny ipMz ivc lg Bg sfrIaF jLfqF nUM vsfieaf. AuhnF nUM rihx leI QF idqf qy kMm idqf. so ipMz ivc qkrIbn sfrIaF hI jLfqF dy lok vsdy hn. iehnF ivcoN bhuiqaF dy ibjLuurg bfby hdfl dy swdy qy afey hoey hn. iPr smF pf ky AuhnF dy kuJ hor irsLqydfr vI ieQy afx vsx lgy so ipMz ivc vsdy gYr jwt vI iek iksm nfl atvflF df hI ihwsf hn.
ipMz vsfAuxy ieMny sOKy nhIN huMdy. nvIN jgfh qy jf ky bYToN qF sQfnk lokF vloN ivroD vI huMdf hY. bfby hdfl nfl vI hoieaf hoyvygf. iek iQAurI muqfbk Prfly dy nfl hI GuMmxF vl dy pfsy nUM iek Cotf ijhf ipMz pYNdf sI ijs df nF sI lfdIaF. bfby dy swq muMzy jvfn hoey qF sB qoN pihlF AuhnF ny ies ipMz nfl twkr leI. ikhf jFdf hY ik ieQoN dy lok ieQoN AuT ky ikqy hor cly gey qy AuhnF ny AuQy jf ky iesy nF df hor ipMz vsf ilaf. aj kl nvyN sLihr ijLly ivc lfdIaF nF df iek ipMz hY sLfied ieh hI Auh ipMz hovy jo Prfly dy nyiVEN AuT ky igaf sI. ijQoN Auh ipMz AuT ky igaf sI Aus jgfh nUM hfly vI lfdIaF ikhf jFdf hY. iek KUh hY ijs nUM lfdIaF vflf KUh ikhf jFdf hY qy Aus dI afly duafly dI sfrI jLmIn nUM hI lfdIaF afiKaf jFdf hY. ipMz dy iesy pfsy hI KyVy df KUh vI hY. ies KUh dy duafly dy KyqF ivcoN cflI ku sfl pihlF qk Kyq vfhuMidaF hwzIaF qy imwtI dy BFzy afm imldy rhy hn. ieh jgfh vI koeI ieqhfs sFBI bYTI hY jo sfzy qk nhIN puwijaf.
ipMz df siBafcfr aijhf irhf hY ik Prfly nUM vwizaF ipMzF ivc igixaf jFdf irhf hY, ies nUM srdfrF df ipMz ikhf jFdf irhf hY. hux qF sfry ipMz iek brfbr ho gey, vwzy-Coty dI koeI vMz nhIN rhI. vwzy ipMz Auh sn ijQy aOrqF prdy ivc rihMdIaF sn. GroN bfhr nhIN sn inkldIaF. KyqF ivc kMm nhIN sn krdIaF. kuJ ku GrF dIaF aOrqF isrP Bwqf lY ky jFdIaF sn. ipMz ivc nisLaF df syvn nhIN sI huMdf. jwtF srdfrF ivc huwkf pIx dI mnfhI sI. Coty ipMzF ivc ieh gwlF lfgU nhIN sn huMdIaF. Coty ipMzF ivc aOrqF KyqF ivc mrd dy brfbr kMm krdIaF sn. huwky nUM ieMnf burf nhIN sI mMinaF jFdf. vwzy ipMzF dy lok vwzy ipMzF ivc hI irsLqy kiraf krdy sn. ieQoN dIaF kuVIaF mfihlpur, cwbyvfl, buwZI ipMz, bVy ipMz vrgy vwzy vwzy ipMzF ivc ivafhIaF jFdIaF sn qy muMzy sLMkr, jMizaflf, iblgf, smrfmF, bzflf vrgy ipMzF ivc ivafhy jFdy sn. ieh sfry ipMz vwzy ipMzF ivc afAuNdy sn. afpF pihlF pwtIaF dI gwl kridaF ikhf sI ik dwgo pwtI df qF pRmuwK swq pwtIaF nfl kuJ ivroD vI irhf hY. iehnF iqMnF pwtIaF dy lok iksy nf iksy qrFH vlL pf ky hn qF atvfl hI pr iek Prk irhf hY ijs nUM afpF ivroD vI kih skdy hF. ieh ivroD ieh sI ik ijQy ieh swq pwtIaF afpxy muMzy ivafhuMdy sn dwgo pwtI dy AuQy kuVI ivafh idMdy sn. imsfl dy qOr qy jMizafly ivc swq pwtIaF afpxy muMzy ivafhuMdIaF qy dwgI pwtI afpxI kuVI ivafh idMdI. Aus vyly ieh kfPI vwzf smfjk ivroD sI. hor vI keI gwlF sn. sLfied aijhy hI hor ivroD vI hoxgy ijhnF kfrn dwgo pwtI dy isvy vI bfkI ipMz qoN alwg hn. aj vI dwgo pwtI df murdf bfkI ipMz dy isivaF ivc PUkx dI iejLfjq nhIN hY qy ievyN hI dwgo pwtI dy isivaF ivc bfkI ipMz df murdf nhIN PUikaf jf skdf. ho skdf hY ik smF pf ky ieh twkr mwTI pY geI hovy. jo vI hovy ieh gwl ipMz dy ieqhfs nUM hor Prolx dI mMg krdI hY.
hux sB kuJ bdl cuwkf hY. dunIaF bdl rhI hY Prflf vI bdl irhf hY. duafby dy hornF ipMzF vFg bhuq sfry PrflIey bdysLF ivc jf vsy hn. ipMz dy awDy Gr KflI pey hn. ibdysLF ivc vsy PrflIaF nUM afpxy ipMz nfl moh hY. ipMz dI qrwkI leI pYsy iekwTy krdy hn qy Byjdy hn. afp jFdy vI hn pr pwky qOr qy Prfly ivc jfx vfly PrflIaF dI igxqI bhuq Gwt hY. PrflIaF dI aglI pIVHI qF sLfied hI Prfly jfvy ikAuNik Auh jF qF ieMlYNzIey hn, jF kYnYzIan, amYrykn jF koeI hor. Auh hux PrflIey isrP nF dy hI hn pr iek gwl XkInI hY ik iek idn iehnF ivdysLF ivc jMmy PrflIaF ivcoN bhuq sfry Prfly df gyVf jLrUr mfiraf krngy ijvyN astrylIan jF nIAUjLIlYNzr ieMglYNz df gyVf mfrdy hn jF amrIkn afierlYNz df. afpxIaF jVHF dI Koj ivc inklI sfzI aglI pIVIH pMjfb dy ipMzF df gyVf mfrdI rhygI.

bfbf rlLf

atvflF dy ipMz Prfly dIaF pRmuwK swqF pwtIaF ivcoN iek pwtI hY sONDf pwtI. bfby hdfl dy swqF puwqF ivcoN iek puwq sONDf mwl dI agy vDI vyl. iesy vyl ivc sMn 1810 dy krIb jYml jMmdf hY. ies smyN pMjfb Aupr mhFrfjf rxjIq isMG df rfj hY. mhFrfjf afpxf rfj kfbl vl nUM vDf irhf hY pr dUjy pfsy aMgryjLF dy rfj vfly pfsy sqluj nUM afpxy hwd mMnI bYTf hY. Auh aMgryjLF qoN zr vI irhf hY qy zrf vI irhf hY. pr jYml nUM ies bfry bhuqf nhIN pqf. Aus nUM qF bs ieMnf pqf hY ik pMjfbIaF df afpxf rfj hY. pr mfmlf qF iPr vI dyxf pYNdf hY. ipMzF dy keI lok kihMdy hn ik mfmlf qF aOrMgy vyly vI dyxf pYNdf sI qy hux vI. aOrMgjyLb nUM pyNzU lok aOrMgf kih hI gwl krdy hn. jYml qy Aus vrgy hor lokF nUM mhFrfjf rxjIq isMG bfry jo idlcsp khfxIaF suxn nUM imldIaF hn ies qoN jLrUr lgdf hY ik afpxf rfj hY. mhFrfjy dI idanqdfrI dIaF khfxIaF. mhFrfjy dI bhfdrI dIaF khfxIaF. Aus dIaF rKYlF dIaF khfxIaF. morF qy Aus vrgIaF hor rKYlF dy ikwsy lokF nUM jLubfnI Xfd hn. iPr Aus ivafh krf ky lhOr sLihr ivc hfQI qy bYT ky jlUs kwZx dIaF dMdkQfvF. aijhf bhuq kuJ lokF nUM mhFrfjy dy rfj ivcoN imldf hY jo aOrMgy dy rfj ivc nhIN sI suixaf jFdf. aOrMgy vyly qy Aus qoN bfad vI sQfnk sUbydfr hI hn qy afpo afpxy ihwsy dy jLulmF dI hnyrI vgf ky qurdy rhy hn. hux sLfqI hY ies krky vI jfpdf hY ik afpxf rfj hY.
jYml kol do murwby qoN vwD jmIn hY. awDI jLmIn avwl hY qy awDI doiem. ZwkI vflI jLmIn awvl qy zwbrI vflI doiem. Auh KyqI krdf hY. afpxI dunIaF ivc msq hY. agy Aus dy do puwqr jMmdy hn. sMn 1930 dy krIb dI iek sMgrFd vfly idn jYml dy Gr vwzf puwqr jnm lYNdf hY. ieh Eh smF hY jdoN muMizaF df nfmkrn bhuq isWDf ijhf hY. mMglvfr vfly idn jMimaF mMglU, ievyN hI buwDU, vIrvfr jMmy df vIrU, cyq mhIny jMimaF cyqU, Pwgx ivc PwgU, sfvx mhIny ivc jMmy df sOx bgYrf nF hI ijLafdf rwKy jFdy hn. sMgrFd vfly idn jMmy bwcy nUM rlLf ikhf jFdf hY ik ieh do mhIinaF dy ivckfr pYdf hoieaf hY. jYml dy pihlf muMzf sMgrFd vfly idn pYdf hox krky ies df nF rwK idqf jFdf hY; rlLf. sfl ku bfad dUjf puwq jMmdf hY, nF rwiKaf jFdf hY; pMjfbf. isKF df rfj hox dy bfvjUd vI ies kfl dy bhuqy jwt by-Drmy ijhy hI hn. dyvIaF bgYrf dI pUjf krdy hn. koeI jwt muslmfn Drm vl nUM Juk jfvy muslmfn bx jFdf hY. bhuqy jwt iswKI nUM apxf rhy hn. duafby df afm jwt iswK bx irhf hY. Prfly ivc sqvyN gurU, gurU hir rfey sfihb dy prcfr krn kfrn iswKI df vfhvf bolbfl hY. pr iPr vI kuJ aijhy Gr hn ijhnF ny hfly isKI nUM nhIN apxfieaf. jYml df iswKI nUM nf-apxfAux df kfrn hY ik Aus df rwb vl bhuqf iDafn nhIN hY. Aus nUM ies gwl dI icMqf nhIN ik Aus df Pfiedf iksy dyvI ny krnf hY jF iPr iksy gurU ny. pMjfbf iswKI lV lg ky pMjfb isMG bx jFdf hY pr rlLf rlLf hI rihMdf hY. rlLy leI vI jYml vFg hI rwb df bhuqf mhwqv nhIN hY, dyvI qy gurU Aus leI ieko ijhy mihny rwKdy hn, ies leI Aus nUM prvfh nhIN hY ik Auh kI hY. jdoN pMjfb isMG iswKI apxfAuNdf hY qF ipMz dy bfivaF df iek ibjLurg, jo sqvyN gurU dI Xfd ivc bxI jgfh dI dyK Bfl krdf hY, rlLy nUM afKdf hY,
rilLaf, ieMnI jLmIn df mflk aYN, iswK sj jfh, srdfr rlLf isMG bx jfh.
bx jfny aF, afpF nUM kI af. lY bfvf, bxf lY iswK.
pr afh huwkf Cwzxf pYxF.
bfvf, huwkf kI kihMdf?
iswKI ivc qMbfkUnosLI dI iblkul mnfhI af. iswK bxnf qF afh huwkf Cwzxf pYxF.
ieh gwl JUTI, huwkf nhIN Cwzxf mYN, qUM afpxI iswKI afpxy kol eI rwK, mYnUM afh dyvIaF eI TIk af, huwky df koeI rOlLf qF nhIN pfAuNdIaF.
rlLf iswK bxdf bxdf rih jFdf hY. Aus nUM qF ieh vI nhIN pqf ik ikhVI dyvI Aus dI hY. Aus nUM ies gwl dI smJ nhIN pYNdI ik ieh dyvIaF-dyvqy phfVF qy hI ikAuN rihMdy hn. iek vfr Auh nYxf dyvI dy mMidr mwQf tykx jFdf vI hY, vfps afAuNdf hY qF koeI kih idMdf hY ik jvflf jI ivc ijLafdf sLkqI hY qF Auh socx lgdf ik ikqy jvflf jI jf ky dyKygf. iek vfr afpxy dosq qfby nUM afKdf hY,
lY beI qfibaf, jvflf jI cwlIey ikqy.
nf beI rilLaf, AudoN qyry nflL nYxf dyvI cly igaf sI, phfVIaF cVH cVH ky burf hfl ho igaf, kihMdy jvflf jI qF hor vI dUr af.
awCf! Cwz pryH Py aYzI dUr lwqF quVfAux jfxF!
Auh jvflf jI jfx df ivcfr vI Cwz idMdf hY. dyvIaF nUM mMnx vfly bfkI dIaF pMj dyvIaF dI gwl vI krdy hn pr Auh kdy iksy dyvI dy vI nhIN jf skdf. kuJ muslmfn vI Aus dy dosq hn, Auh hor qrFH dIaF gwlF krdy hn. rlLy nUM AuhnF dIaF gwlF vI cMgIaF nhIN lgdIaF. hF, AuhnF nfl huwky dI sFJ Aus nUM bhuq psMd hY. muslmfn dosq ikhf krdy hn ik huwkf qF akbr dy drbfr df iek rqn sI. huwkf qF aXfsL lok pIaf krdy hn. rlLy nUM ieh gwl bhuq BfAuNdI hY jo ik iswKI apxfAux nfloN Aus nUM bhuq vwzI jfpdI hY.
rlLy nUM huwkf pIx dI lwq ivafh qoN bfad hI lgdI hY nhIN qF Aus df ivafh nhIN sI hoxf. iehnF idnF ivc vI srdfr lok irsLqf ieMnI asfnI nfl nhIN kr idMdy. jYml vrgy sfry jwt BfvyN iswK nhIN sjy pr srdfr khfAuNdy hn. Prfly dy sfry atvfl afpxy afp nUM srdfr aKvfAuNdy hn. mfVy-DIVy jwt nfl vfh pfAux qoN Auh kMnI kqrfAuNdy hn. Prfly dy lokF nUM sfAU lok ikhf jFdf hY qy sfAU lok huwkf nhIN pIaf krdy pr rlLf pINdf hY. rlLy dI huwkf pIx dI afdq ikvyN pYNdI hY ies bfry vI do khfxIaF hn. iek khfxI qF ieh hY ik rlyL dI dosqI iek aOrq nfl hY qy Aus dy Gr vflf huwkf pINdf hY. rlLf afpxI shylI nUM imlx Kfqr hI huwky dI afdq puaf bYTdf hY. dUjI khfxI ieh hY ik Aus dI dosqI Coty ipMzF dy muMizaF nfl bhuqI hY qy Coty ipMzF ivc huwkf pIx df afm irvfjL hY, ikMnI vI jLmIn df mflk srdfr hovy hukf pIxf Aus leI afm gwl hovygI so rlLy nUM ieh afdq Coty ipMzF dy jwtF dy muMizaF qoN lgI hY. afdq ikvyN vI peI hovy pr hux Auh Gr ivc huwkf qy bfhr jFidaF hwQ ivc huwkI rwKdf hY.
pqlf ijhf srIr, lMmf kwd, cfl ivc kfhlfpn, qyjL inwkIaF awKF, kMnF ivc nMqIaF, kqrI hoeI dfhVI, isr qy vlLF vflI pwg, qyV AucI ijhI qihmq, Kwdr df nIvF ijhf Jwgf, moZyH qy prnf qy hwQ ivc huwkI ieh hY rlLy dI afm ijhI pwCfx pr jd kdy ikqy jfxf hovy qF vwzf sfrf pwgV bMn ky pYrF qy izgvF qMbf lf lYNdf hY. rlLf alPfqU iksm df bMdf hY. isLdrI ijhf. iksy nfl aYvyN hI pMgy lYx vflf. iksy nUM Dwkf mfr ky dOV afAux vflf. Auho ijhy hn Aus dy Xfr bylI. Aus dy hfly aOlfd koeI hY nhIN, ies leI iksy iksm dI ijLMmyvfrI df aihsfs nhIN huMdf qy algrjLI hfly vI kfiem hY. Aus dIaF dosqIaF Prfly qoN bfhr dy ipMzF ivc vI hn. jLmIn KulHI hY, BfvyN awDI bMjr hI hY, ies krky Auh bhuqI prvfh nhIN krdf. Aus dy mukfbly pMjfb isMG imhnqI hY. KyqI krdf hY. KyqI qF rlLf vI krdf hY pr dosqIaF bhuqIaF pflL irhf hY. kMm Cwz dosqF vl Bwj qurdf hY. hr vyly itcrbfjLI. hr vyly msLkrI. rlLy df itcrbfjLI df suBfa agy keI pIVIHaF qk dyKx nUM imlygf. Aus dI huwkf pIx dI afdq nUM iek iksm dI bgfvq vFg vI ilaf jf irhf hY. pUry Prfly ivc iek vI jwt huwkf nhIN pINdf isvfey rlLy dy. Prflf atvfl srdfrF df ipMz hovy qy iek atvfl huwkf pINdf hovy ieh qF keIaF leI sLrm dI gwl hovygI pr rlLf huwky df sfQ nhIN Cwzdf. Aus ny KyqI leI iek afDrmI sFJI rlfieaf hoieaf hY. sFJI hI psLU-pf vI sMBfldf hY. rlLf ieMnf byprvfh hY ik keI vfr afpxf huwkf lY ky dosqF nUM imlx dUr duryzy dy ipMzF qk cly jFdf hY qy keI keI idn nhIN muVdf. ievyN hI rlLy dy dosq vI Aus nUM imlx afey rihMdy hn. GrdI kwZI sLrfb pI ky bwkry bulfAuNdy rihMdy hn. ijLMdgI msq hfQI dI cfly cl rhI hY. Aus nUM isrP iek gwl df iPkr huMdf hY Auh hY idvflI vfly idn isivaF ivc qy afpxI jLmIn qy dIvf bflxf. ieh PrjL Aus df ipE jYml Aus dy ijLMmy lf igaf hY qy Auh inBf irhf hY.
rlLy dI ijLMdgI AudoN byrMg hoxI sLurU huMdI hY jd rlLy nUM pqf lgdf hY ik Aus dy aOlfd nhIN hoxI. keI sfl inkl jFdy hn. bwcf nhIN huMdf qy iPr GrvflI dI bwcf hox dI Aumr vI inkl jFdI hY. rlLf qVPdf hY pr Aus df suBfa Aus dI qVP nUM jIr lYNdf hY qy Auh soc lYNdf hY ik sLfied rwb nUM jF iksy dyvI nUM ieho mnjLUr hovygf, jy ievyN hY qF ieho shI. bwcf nf huMdf dyK rlLy nUM irsLqy afAux lgdy hn. Aus dIaF dosqIaF ivcoN hI keI irsLqy AuT KVdy hn. ieQy iek Kfs gwl ieh hY ik rlLy nUM afpxI pqnI nfl bhuq ipafr hY, ieMnf ipafr ik Auh hor ivafh nhIN krfAuNdf. afAuNdy irsLiqaF sfhmxy Auh azol rihMdf hY. ijMdgI inkldI jFdI hY. sMn 1850 df ivafihaf rlLf hux bwcy dI afs iblkul Cwz cuwkf hY. Auh jLmIn vycxI sLurU kr idMdf hY BfvyN bhuqI nhIN vycdf, loV pvy qF iJjkdf nhIN. ipMz dI inafeIN dI jLmIn Auh dosqI ivc iksy nUM aYvyN hI BMg dy BfVy hI dy idMdf hY. rlLf jLmIn vycy, ieh gwl Aus dy sLrIk pMjfb isMG qy agy Aus df puwqr eIsLr isMG nUM cMgI nhIN lg rhI ikAuNik afKr jLmIn qF AuhnF nUM afAuxI hY pr Auh bhuqf kuJ kr vI nhIN skdy. rlLf iksy dI mMnx vflf vI nhIN hY. rlLy df suBfa pRvfh qy alPfqU hox dy nfl nfl JgVflU hox df vI hY. vYsy ies gwl df qF Auys nUM pqf hI hY ik Aus dI jLmIn qF hux sLrIkF nUM hI jfxI hY iek idn. vYsy vI hux rlLy dI KyqI ivc idlcspI hor vI Gwt cuwkI hY. iek qF agy aOlfd nhIN hY qy dUjf kfrn ieh hY ik jLmIn iek QF qy nf ho ky do QfvIN hY. ieh donF QfvF dI jLmIn ipMz qoN bhuq dUr hY. do pfisaF dy ipMzF dy vsIimaF qy. iek pfsy qF GuMmxF qy brfloN nfl vsImf jf lgdf hY ijs nUM zwbrI ikhf jFdf hY qy dUjy pfsy ZwkI dI jLmIn bihrfm nyVy pY jFdI hY. ZwkI dI jLmIn zwbrI dI jLmIn nfloN jLrKyjL hY. ieQy jYml dy vyly df hI KUh vI ligaf hoieaf hY. zwbrI vflI jLmIn KyqI leI bhuqI ZukvIN nhIN hY pr rlLf KyqI kr irhf hY. idn inkl rhy hn. sMn 1890 qoN do jF iqMn sfl pihlF iek Gtnf vfprdI hY jo pUry dy pUry ieqhfs nUM bdl idMdI hY.
Gtnf ievyN vfprdI hY ik rlLy dy GroN buVI awqI afpxy KyqF nUM sfg lYx jFdI hY. sLrIk Aus vl kihrI awK nfl dyKdy hn qy iek jfxf af ky Aus nUM afky afKx lgdf hY,
buVIey, iek muwT sfg Kfqr aYvyN ctflf nf imwDdI iPr.
buVI nUM bhuq guwsf afAuNdf hY. Auh kihMdI hY,
vy, Kyq myry, ctflf myrf, qUM kOx huMnf rokx vflfL?
qusIN hor sfl, do sfl aYN, bfad ivc qF ieh Kyq sfzy eI af qy sfnUM afpxy KyqF df iDafn rwKxf pYxF.
buVI awqI PwtV syLrnI vFg qyjL qyjL sfh lYx lgdI hY. ihrK dI BrI Auh Gr nUM af jFdI hY. rlLf bYTf huwkf pI irhf hY. buVI Aus qoN huwky dI nVI PVdI Aus nUM sfrI gwl dsdI hY. rlLf hwsx lgdf hY qy huwky dI nVI Aus qoN vfps lYNdf iPr huwkf pIx lg pYNdf hY. buVI kihMdI hY,
qUM hws ky gwl nf gvf, mYN sfrI gwl soc leI af, mYN qyrf ivafh afp krUMgI, qUM ishry bMnx leI iqafr ho jfh. iehnF sLrIkF dy sIny c ikwl gwzxf iek vfr.
swT sfl dI Aumr ivc ishry!
hF, mYN afp lBdI aF qyry leI kuVI, aYnI jLmIn nUM kuVIaF df koeI Gftf nhIN, iehnF sLrIkF df mYN mUMh BMnxF. sfzI ieh jLmIn iehnF nUM hrigjL nhIN jfxI cfhIdI, ieh smJdy kI af afpxy afpx nUM.
buVI afpxy pykIN jFdI hY. sfrf duwK afpxy pyikaF nfl sFJf krdI hY. bhuq GuMmx iPrn qoN bfad agy qoN agy iksy grIb qy loVkfr irsLqydfr dI kuVI iml jFdI hY. ipMz cwk mfeIdfs Prfly qoN njLdIk hI hY. Ausy ipMz qoN hY rlLy dI nvIN dulhn. awqI rlLy df afpxy hwQIN ivafh krdI hY. afpxy hwQIN syj sjfAuNdI hY. Aus kuVI dI mF bx ky Aus dI dyK Bfl krdI hY. rwb muhry qrFH qrFH dIaF ardfsF krdI hY. lwK mMnqF mMndI hY. sMn 1890 ivc rlLy dy Gr muMzf pYdf huMdf hY. buVI awqI hvf ivc AuzI iPrdI hY. ieh Aus dI ieh bhuq vwzI ijwq hY. sLrIkF df imhxf AuhnF dy mUMh qy dy mfiraf hY. AuhnF dy sIny ivc ikwl gwz idqf igaf hY. Auh hux aONq nhIN mrygI. sLrIk pihlF qF kuJ qVPdy hn pr Auh kr kuJ nhIN skdy qy iPr iesy nUM swc mMn ky vDfeIaF dyx afAuNdy hn. rlyL nUM ieh sB suPny vFg lg irhf hY. Auh hYrfn hoieaf kdy afpxy muMzy vl dyKdf hY qy kdy vDfeIaF dyx afAux vfly lokF vl. ijhVy lfgI Aus nUM rfh-KyVy bulf ky KusL nhIN sn Auh hux nyVy Zuk Zuk ky bYT rhy hn qy lwK lwK asIsF dy rhy hn. Aus ny qF kdy soicaf hI nhIN ik Aus dI vI koeI jVH lg jfvygI. Aus ny qF aONq mrn leI afpxy afp nUM iqafr kr ilaf sI pr awqI ny afh kI kirsLmf kr idqf ik Aus dy Gr vI bUtf lg igaf. Auh Aus df nF bUtf rwKdf hY. Aus dI pihlI pqnI bwcy nUM gurdvfry lY jf ky bUty qoN bUtf isMG bxf idMdI hY. bUty dy nfl hI iswKI df bUtf vI lg jFdf hY. sfl bfad iPr muMzf jMmdf hY. nF rwiKaf jFdf hY cMnx isMG. iPr iqMn kuVIaF. iPr iek hor muMzf gurbcn isMG. byabfd ipaf Gr bwicaF dIaF iklkfrIaF nfl gUMjx lgdf hY. rlyL dI pihlI pqnI iek gIq bxf lYNdI hY,

pihlF gurF ny bUtf lfieaf,
Pyr gurF ny cfnx kIqf
Pyr gurF ny bcn pugfieaf,
asIN gIq sLgnF df gfieaf.

bYTdI-AuTdI, bwcy iKzfAuNdI awqI ieh gIq guxguxfAuNdI rihMdI hY. pr gIq afAux vflI ieh Drm dI mF hor sfl ku bfad pUrI ho jFdI hY. qy kuJ mhIny mgroN hI bwcy nUM jnm dyx vyly rlLy dI dUjI pqnI vI mr jFdI hY. dUjI pqnI dI acfnk mOq kfrn rlLf Tigaf hoieaf KVf hY. lok vI hYrfn hn ik pihly bwcy dy jnm smyN qF aOrq dy mrn dI sMBfvnf ho skdI hY pr sqvyN bwcy smyN iksy aOrq dI mOq bhuq Gwt dyKx ivc afeI hY. rlLy dI ijLMdgI hyT-Auqy ho jFdI hY. rlLf soc irhf hY ik ieMnI KusLI qoN bfad ieMnf gm! sLfied koeI sLkqI Aus nUM kuJ kihx dI koisLsL kr rhI hY. kdy kdy Aus nUM mihsUs hox lgdf hY ik koeI afieaf qy ieMny sfry bwcy Aus dy Gr Cwz ky afp ikDry cly igaf. byprvfh rlLy Aupr swqr sfl dI Aumr ivc Cy bwcy pflx dI ijLMmyvfrI af pYNdI hY. hux soc ky dyKo ik ijs bMdy ny sfrI Aumr aPlfqUnI kIqI hovy hux ies Aumr ivc Cy bwcy ikvyN sMBflygf. Auh bUty qy cMnx nUM pVn lf idMdf hY ikAuNik ipMz ivc skUl KulH cuwkf hY. afp inkIaF inkIaF kuVIaF dI mdd nfl Gr clfAux lgdf hY. Auh bwicaF dy poqVy Do irhf hY. lorIaF dy irhf hY. AuhnF nUM jgf-sulf irhf hY. AuhnF leI duwD grm kr irhf hY. rotI bxf irhf hY. AuhnF dIaF isLkfieqF sux irhf hY. Auh afpxy bwicaF dy pflxposx koeI ksr nhIN CwzxI cfhuMdf. loV pvy qF aFZ-gvFZ dI mwdd vI lY lYNdf hY ikAuNik smyN Bly hn. Aus dI dUjI pqnI dy pyky cwk mfeIdfs vfly sfeIN lok hn. Aus nUM AuhnF qoN vI QoVI bhuq shfieqf iml jFdI hY. keI vfr Auh bwicaF nUM rotI-pfxI Kvf-iplf ky afpxy nfl hI KyqF nUM lY jFdf hY. Kyq nyVy huMdy qF ieh kuJ sOKf huMdf pr Kyq vI ipMzoN zyV-do koh qy hn.
ZwkI dI jLmIn Tyky qy dy ky zwbrI dI jLmIn ivc afp KyqI krdf rihMdf hY. ies Aumr ivc Auh KyqI vI ikho ijhI krygf. KyqI nfl qF pihlF qoN hI Aus nUM bhuqf lgfv nhIN hY ijvyN ik jwt dy puwq nUM huMdf hY. zwbrI dy KyqF ivc Auhny iek kuwlI pfeI hoeI hY qy iek cuwlf vI bxfieaf hoieaf hY. bwicaF nUM kwulI ivc bYTf ky afp kMm nUM lg jFdf hY, loV pYx qy AuhnF nUM duwD grm kr ky iplf idMdf hY. Prfly dI jLmIn dy ies ihwsy nUM zwbrI ies krky ikhf jFdf hY ikAuN ik eyQy bhuq ijLafdf zwbr hY. plfh hn, ijhnF nUM rMgdfr kysU lgdy hn. byrF dy mlHy vI hn. ihrnF dIaF zfrF CflF mfrdIaF BwjIaF iPrdIaF hn. inky inky KrgosL hn. PnIar nfg QF QF Pwn iKlfrI KVy hn pr rlLf KyqI kr irhf hY. ieQy afm qOr qy crI bIjI jFdI hY jF iPr Coly. mINh pey qy zUMGf hl vfh ky do iqMn vfr dwbvF suhfg dy ky igwl sFB leI jFdI hY qy iPr jLrf ku zUMGI rwK ky crI bIj idqI jFdI jo afpy huMdI rihMdI hY. jy hor mINh pY jfvy qF blfeI vDIaf nhIN qF psLUaF jogy pwTy qF sihjy hI ho jFdy hn. sfrI Aumr dI kIqI aYsL hux swqr sfl dI Aumr ivc BugqxI pY rhI hY. idn lMGx lgdy hn. kuVIaF QoVIaF hor vwzIaF huMdIaF qF rotI bxfAux lgdIaF hn. kuJ hor sfl lMGdy hn qF Auh dUjy nMbr dy muMzy cMnx nUM ivafh lYNdf hY qF jo rotI pkdI ho jfvy. bUtf pVHn ivc huisLafr hY, rlLf cfhuMdf hY ik Auh pVH jfvy. iPr iek iek krky rlLf kuVIaF dy vI ivafh kr idMdf hY.
cMnx isMG dy ivafh dI gwl vI bhuq idlcsp hY. rlLf huwkf pINdf hY. huwkf pIx vfly bfp dy muMzy nUM iksy ngr df srdfr qF kuVI dyxoN irhf. rlLf bhuq koisLsL krdf hY. Aus nUM hY ik iksy qrFH rotI pkdI ho jfvy. iksy vwzy ipMz irsLqf nhIN huMdf qF Auh Coty ipMz vl mUMh kr lYNdf hY. irsLqf krn vyly lok Coty vwzy ipMzF df ivcfr krdy hn. Prflf vwzf ipMz hY so irsLqf vI vwzy ipMz ivc hI kIqf jfvygf. rlfL iksy dI prvfh kIqy ibnF afpxy muMzy nUM afpxy vrgy huwkf pIx vfly Gr muMzf mMg lYxf cfhuMdf hY. Prfly dy njLdIk hI iek ipMz hY, bfhV mjfrf. Auh cMnx isMG nUM AuQy ivafh lYNdf hY. BfvyN cMnx isMG dy GrvflI jvflI nUM Coty ipMz dI hox dy imhxy sfrI Aumr Jwlxy pYNdy hn. rlLy nUM vI lok msLkrIaF krn lgdy hn pr Auh iksy dI prvfh nhIN krdf.
rlyL ny afp KyqI ieMnI KuwB ky nhIN kIqI so Aus dy iqMnoN muMizaF nUM vI KyqI nfl Auh moh nhIN hY pr AuhnF nUM afpxI jLmIn nfl rlLy ijMnf hI moh hY. rlyL vFg Auh hr rojL zwbrI df gyVf mfrdy hn. ies smyN msLInrI qrwkI kr rhI hY. bwsF trwk bxny sLurU ho gey hn. cMnx isMG df Jukfa msLInrI vl nUM ho jFdf hY qy Auh zrfeIvr bx jFdf hY. bUtf isMG pVfeI Cwz ky ivhlf ijhf hI hY. Auh rlLy nfl KyqI ivc QoVf bhuq hwQ vMzf idMdf hY. aMinaF vfly KUh AuprlI jLmIn ivc vI afp KyqI krn lgdy hn. aMinaF vflf KUh Bfv jYml df KUh. rlLy dy ipE df KUh. iehnF dy twbr dI awl jYml ky sI. ijvyN ik ipMzF ivc hr twbr dI koeI nf koeI awl huMdI hY qy ieh awl iksy nf iksy qrIky nfl pY jfieaf krdI hY. iehnF dI cMgI BlI awl hY jYml ky pr rlLf jvfnI vyly nvIN awl aMinaF ky pvf lYNdf hY. ies awl pYx dI vI KUb Gtnf hY. rlyL nUM nvyN nvyN dosq bxfAux df bhuq sLONk hY. dosqF dy GrIN jfxf qy iPr AuhnF nUM afpxy GrIN swdxf rlLy leI afm ijhI gwl hY. iek idn rlLf qy pMjfb isMG kpfh guwz rhy hn. nfl hI BfeIcfry dy hor lok vI hn. ieh Auh idn hn jdoN lok rlL ky KyqI df kMm kiraf krdy hn. aj ies df kMm mukf ilaf qy kwl nUM Aus df. kpfh guwzI jf rhI hY ik acfnk kuJ lok sfhmxy isDy KyqF ivc dI AuhnF vl nUM qury af rhy hn. ieh rlLy dy dosq hn jo ipMz dusfJF qoN Aus nUM imlx afey hn. rlLf pwCfx nhI skdf. Auh AuhnF nUM gflLf idMdf puwCdf hY,
sfilLE, Kyqo KyqI qury afAuny aF, qusIN aMny aF?
Auh bMdy aigEN jvfb idMdy hn,
aMny asIN nhIN rilLaf, aMnf qUM aF, ijhVf afpxy bMidaF nUM nhIN pwCfxdf.
iPr kI hY. rlLy dIaF prfhuixaF nfl jwPIaF pY jFdIaF hn. ies gwl qy sfry pfsy ieMnf hfsf mwcdf hY ik ies twbr dI awl hI aMinaF ky pY jFdI hY. rlLy dy isLdrI ijhy suBfa kfrn ieh awl ieMnI gUVI huMdI hY ik zyV sO sfl bfad aj vI cl rhI hY.
agy jf ky bfby rlyL df ieh isLdrI suBfa Aus dy sB qoN Coty puwq gurbcn nUM ivrfsq ivc imlygf. afpxI Aumr ivc puwj ky Auh vI byprvfh ijhf inklygf. zrfeIvr bxygf. jlMDr kUVy vflf trwk clfAux lgygf. gurbcn isMG nUM sLfm nUM aDIaf pIx dI afdq hovygI. iek idn gurbcn isMG iek Zfby aMdr jf ky rotI df afrzr dy ky stIl dy glfs ivc aDIaf Aulwdx lgygf. Zfby df mflk sKqI nfl afKygf ik ieQy sLrfb pIxI mnFH hY. gurbcn isMG agly idn kUVy vflf trwk Aus Zfby muhry ilaf KVf krygf. sfrIaF mwKIaF Zfby aMdr jf vVngIaF. Zfby df mflk Aus dIaF imnqF krn lgygf ik trwk ieQoN lY jf qy sLfm nUM af ky aDIaf myry qoN pI jfvIN. agy jf ky ieho suBfa gurbcn isMG dy muMzy imMdr ivc dyKx leI imlygf. imMdr qF isgrtF vI pIx lgygf qy bVy mfx nfl afKygf ik Auh bfby rlLy df aslI vflI vfrs hY.
rlLy dy Brf pMjfb isMG df muMzf eIsLr isMG hux Aumr df kfPI ho cuwkf hY. eIsLr isMG df muMzf bfbU isMG bUtf isMG df hfxI hY. iek pIVHI df Prk ijAuN pY jFdf hY. hmAumr bUtf isMG bfbU isMG df cfcf lgdf hY. ies qoN bfad bUtf isMG df muMzf qy bfbU isMG df muMzf hfxI hoxgy pr irsLqf ivc iek pIVHI df Prk hovygf. ieh Prk hux hr pIVHI ivc rhygf.
rlLy df huwkf bUtf isMG nUM ivafhux vyly vI bhuq aiVwkf bxdf hY. cMnx isMG nUM Coty ipMz bfhV mjfry ivafh lYx kfrn rlLy nUM ipMz dy lokF dy imhxy suxny pYNdy hn ies leI Auh cfhuMdf hY ik bUtf isMG nUM iksy vwzy ipMz ivc ivafhy pr vwzy ipMzF dy lok huwky df burf mnf rhy hn. bUtf isMG ivafhuxoN rihMdf jFdf hY. Aumr cVdI jf rhI hY. cMnx isMG dy ivafh nUM keI sfl ho cuwky hn ieh gwl vI bUtf isMG dy hwk ivc nhIN jFdI. Cotf Brf ivafh ho jfvy qy vwzf hfly AuvyN hI bYTf hovy qF lok sLwk dI njLr nfl dyKx lgdy hn qy ivafh hox dy mOky Gt jFdy hn. bUty df iksy nf iksy qrFH ipMz ruVky irsLqf ho jFdf hY. aTfrF sfl ivc ivafh ho skx vflf bUtf isMG hux qIh nUM Zuwk irhf hY. irsLqy qoN rlLf KusL hY. ruVkf sMDUaF df ipMz hY. sMDU afpxy afp nUM atvflF qoN iksy iksm nfl Gwt nhIN smJdy ies leI irsLqy Tok vjf ky dyKdy hn. ivcolf rlLy nUM Aus df huwkf ipMz Cwz jfx dI sLrq qy irsLqf krvfAuNdf hY. iehnF idnF ivc keI keI idn brfq Tihiraf krdI hY, ieMny idn huwky qoN ibnF rlLf hwuky ibnf ikvyN rhygf. afKr iek skIm suJdI hY. brfq nfl ipMz df iek af-DrmI lY ilaf jFdf hY. bhfnf hY ik ieh huwkf ies af-DrmI df hY. ievyN bVI skIm nfl ivafh isry cVdf hY. bUtf isMG dy Gr drsLn isMG df jnm huMdf hY. rlLf hux bfbf bx jFdf hY. Auh afpxy poqy nUM iKzfAuNdf hY, Aus nUM lorIaF idMdf hY. huux Auh bfbf rlLf hY. bfbf rlLf afpxf lMmf sPr qih krky sMn 1925 nUM ies sMsfr qoN qur jFdf hY. bfby rlLy dI mOq dI khfxI vI lMmI hY. Auh keI mhIny ltk ltk ky mrdf hY. mOq dI ieh lMmI lVfeI KfndfnI hY. Auh afpxy muMzy bUtf isMG nUM kihMdf hY,
bUitaf, sbr rwKIN, mYN qYnUM keI mhIny jF sfl qMg krnf, sfzy twbr c eydF eI mOq afAuNdI af, iqlL iqlL krky mrdy aF asIN, qyrf bfbf jYml vI eydF eI miraf.
keI vfr Auh kihx lgdf hY,
mYnUM pqf, qUM vI qMg aF qy mYN vI bhuq qMg aF, qUM eydF kr myrf glL Gwut dy jF jLihr dy dy.
ieh sB kihx dIaF gwlF hn. bfbf rlLy ny afpxy ihwsy dy hwz rgVfAuxy hn qy rgVfAuNdf hY.

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