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mfstr BrpUr isMG

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

gurdfxf Zfb

 

- jrnYl isMG syKf

prvdgfr, apfr byaMq qUM, ijnf pCfqf scu cuMmF pYr mUM.. / kIrqn klf nUM Dfrimk kwtVqf dIaF vlgxF ivwc bMd nhIN kIqf jf skdf.

 

- blbIr isMG kMvl

kTpuqlIaF

 

- aMimRqpfl isMG KLflsf

sur isMGIaf BujMgI mfsko c

 

- amrjIq cMdn

bwbU mfn dy bhfny

 

- blivMdr gryvfl

nftk / BUq

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

BMzf BMzfrIaf [mohn BMzfrI

 

- goovrDn gwbI

eIvfn ielIc dI dUjI mOq

 

- ajmyr iswDU

bfl-sfihwq : siQqI aqy cuxOqIaF

 

- drn isMG aft (zf[)

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

snmfn icMnH

 

- crnjIq isMG pMnU

'kfkipwt' qoN bfhr bxy rihx df 'qIjI iDr' df pRvcn-'irm iJm prbq'

 

- blivMdr isMG gryvfl

khfxI irm iJm prbq` nUM pVHidaF

 

- blkfr isMG

KwtIaF imwTIaF XfdF

 

- blbIr iskMd

nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

pfsL XfdgfrI smfgm kYilPLornIaf
(10 julfeI 2010)

 

- suirMdr DMjl

nfnkf my ryl gwzI

 

- suKdyv iswDU

pfsL aqy hirMdr isMG mihbUb

 

- suirMdr DMjl

suwcI ikqfb

 

- amrjIq cMdn

ieh sB ivgVy hoey muMzy kuVIaF sn

 

- krm isMG ihstorIan

jdoN KLUn dy ipafsy glLIN lwg ky imly

 

- hrdIp isMG Kflsf

ryzIE leI avf-tYst

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

koicMg df byimsfl klfkfr
kYroN KyzH ivMg df aQLLlYitks koc: blijMdr isMG

 

- zf[ suirMdr mMz

duwD dyx vflI mwJ

 

- bljIq bfsI

crcf ivwc hY srqfj

 

- kulivMdr Kihrf

vgdI ey rfvI

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

ijwQoN sUrj AuWgdf hY

 

- ikrpfl kfk

ienklfb qF afh KVHY

 

- aqrjIq

surjIq pfqr

 

- moinkf kumfr

irm iJm prbq, dy aMg-sMg[[[

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

rotI

 

- iekbfl rfmUvflIaf

guV

 

- blbIr iskMd

myrf pfiksqfn

 

- suKdyv iswDU

aMimRqpfl isMG dy Kq (lyK) df juafb

 

- suKpfl

myrIaF ilKqF dy svfgq df iewk pfsf

 

- igafnI sMqoK isMG

jMglI ibwlI aqy snoa

 

- AuNkfrpRIq

vgdI ey rfvI
pMjfbI siBafcfr df gOrvlfhOr

 

- virafm isMG sMDU

pwcfsI virHaF df jsLn
(jIvnI: srdfr drsLn isMG)

 

- hrjIq atvfl

myrI dOlq myrIaF icwTIaF

 

- myjr mFgt

bwly Eey afDuink zfktro

 

- govrDn gwbI

BuipMdr pRIq dI kfiv-gUMj

 

- dyivMdr kOr

Drm aqy ivigafn iewk ivsLlysLx

 

- jsdIp isMG guxhIx

 do gLjLlF

 

- gurmIq KoKr

hMugfry

 


nfvl jflL coN klfqimkqf lwBidaF
- AuNkfrpRIq

 

 


sfihq smfj df sLIsLf hY, ieh ibafn aDUrf aqy BulyKfpfAU hY. asl aqy shI ibafn hY ik, sfihq, smfj df klfqimk sLIsLf hY. klfqimkqf sfihq aqy klf dI jfn hY. klfqimkqf df afDfr aqy hoNd awgoN klf-idRsLtI dI dyx hn. iewk idRsL nUM sfihqk idRsLtFq ivwc qbdIl krn leI ijs idRsty dy dKl dI/rol dI loV hY Ausy df nfm sfihqkfr jF klfkfr hY. klfqimk idRsLty dy dKl qoN ibnF jo Aupjdf hY Auh a-klfqimk sLIsLy vflf hU-b-hU XQfrQ hY. rUpvfdIey, suhjvfdIey, rumFsvfdIey, aqy aiDafqmIey aksr iesy a-klfqimk XQfrQ dI vkflq krdy hn aqy apxIaF klfikRqF ivwc dKl dyx nUM pfp smJdy hn. idRsLty dy dKl qoN rihq sfihq aqy klf dIaF qfrF zUMGy qlF qy KudfeI ielhfm, Dur kI bfxI aqy Bfxf mMnx ijhy dYvI sroqF nfl juVIaF huMdIaF hn. ijs sfihq aqy klf ivwc mnuwKI dKLl dI guMjLfiesL hI nhIN Auh mnuwKF nfloN tuwty hox kfrn mfnv-kilafx ivwc koeI rol adf nhIN kr skdf aqy ikvyN vI pRgqIsLIl nhIN aKvf skdf.

klf-idRsLtI,klfqimk hunr/cox/Poks aqy mfiDam dI bxI huMdI hY, qd hI iksy klfikRq dy sfihqk/klfqimk muwl nUM klfkfr dy hunr/cox/Poks aqy mfiDam jugq pRgtfvy rfhIN hI pCfixaF jf skdf hY. jflL blbIr kOr sMGyVf df qIjf nfvl hY qy awTvIN pusqk. iesqoN pihlF Auh do nfvl (hwk dI mMg,iewk Kq nF swjxF dy), iqMn khfxI sMgRih (apxy hI Auhly, KMBy, TMZI hvf) aqy iewk XfdF dI pusqk (pRCfeIaF dy Auhly prkrmF) pRkfisLq krvf cuwkI hY.
jfLihr hY ik lyiKkf ny ilKidaF hoieaF lMmF pYNzf qYa kr ilaf hY. ilKx dy iek ivsLysL pVfa `qy puwjI hox krky Aus koloN klfqmk puKLqgI dI afs rwKxf ikvyN vI gLYr-vfjb nhIN. ies ipCokV ivc inscY hI AusnUM TIk qy bybfk rfie dI jLrUrq hY qfik Auh afpxI ilKq bfry vDyry cyqMn ho sky qy awgy qoN hor muwlvfn ilKqF ilKx dy Xog ho sky.
nfvl jflL ivc pRvysL qoN pihlF nfvlI ivDf aqy iesdIaF afDfr jugqF dI sMKyp ijhI jfx-pCfx krn dI loV hY qF ik hQly lyK ivwc AuhnF dI nfvl coN Bfl/pCfx kridaF cyqy ivwc sMdrB bxy rihx. nfvl rcnf dy pRmuwK jugqI aqy klfqimk pirpyK hyT ilKy hn:

1[ idRsLtI kox: smuwcy nfvl ivwc kfrjsLIl sFJI idRsLtI jo jF qF vwKo vwK pfqrF dI mniskqf rfhIN aqy jF iPr Kud lyKk rfhIN iewk socI-smJI, sFJI klfqimk sUJ vwl vwDdI hY.

2[ sLYlI: idRstIkox nUM sfkfr krn leI vrqI ivAuNq jF ivDI. pRmuwK rUp ivwc nfvl vwK vwK pfqrF rfhI jF
Prst-prsn ibRqFq rfhIN Ausfry jfdy hn.

3[ plft aqy sb-plft: mUl kQf jo Coty Coty kQfinkF rfhIN sMpUrnqf vwl vwDdI hY.

4[ QIimk Poks: mwuK sunyhf/mwudf ijs ivwc nfvlkfr apxy klfqimk dKLl rfhIN jIvn dy XQfrQ coN AuhnF
vrqfiraF/sUJF/suhjF nUM rOsLn krdf hY ijhnF dI rOsLnI c AusdI klfiqmkqf ny lokF dy hwk ivwc Bugqxf huMdf hY.

5[ sfihqk jugq: nfvlkfr vloN apxI gwl nUM sMpUrn/smytx leI vrqoN c ilaFdf njLrIaf.

6[ BfsLf: Auprokq pMjy mUl vsqUaF (suwcy moqIaF) nUM ijs Dfgy c proa ky suMdr/klfqimk hfr bxdf hY, BfsLf Ausy Dfgy df nfm hY.

nfvl jflL ivwc mwK plft vjoN, knyzf rihMdy pMjfbIaF dy jIvn dIaF pRfpqIaF, ivsLysLqfvF qy ivsMgqIaF df glp ibMb Ausfrn dI koisLsL kIqI geI hY. nfvl df QIimk Poks jF kyNdrI smwisaf knyzf vrgy afjLfd smfj ivc af ky ipCly sMskfrF dI gulfmI BogdI, pr nfl hI hflfq dy asr aDIn afpxI ijLMdgI bfry sucyq ho ky socdI qy afpxy PLYsly afp krn leI afjLfd ho rhI aOrq nfl sMbMiDq hY, aqy ies nfl juVvIaF hor smwisafvF vI lyiKkf iDafn gocry ilafAuNdI hY. iehnF ivc pMjfb sMkt, ivafh bfhry aOrq-mrd sMbMD, aOrq dI afjLfdI, nvIN pIVHI df afp hudrfpn qy inwjI afjLfdI df mslf, JUTy ivafh, gya smwisaf, gurdvfiraF dI isafsq afid hor anykF msly kyNdrI smwisaf duafly sb-plft rUp buxy hoey hn. ies qrHF dI jfxkfrI sfry knyzIan pMjfbI lyKkF dIaF ilKqF df rvfieqI Kfsf hYY. lyiKkf ny vI Xqn kIqf hY. ies prkfr ieh nfvl knyzIan jIvn srokfrF bfry jfxkfrI idMdf hY aqy igxqI pwKoN knyzIan pMjfbI sfihq ivc vfDf krdf hY jd ik guxfqmk vfDy df pqf lfAux leI nfvl ivc zUMMGf Auqrnf pvygf.

nfvlI jugq:iksy vI ilKq ivc vyKx vflI gwl ieh huMdI hY ik lyKk rcnf df aMqm nbyVf iks njLrIey qoN krdf hY. ies njLrIey nUM ilKq dI qknIk ivcoN lwiBaf jf skdf hY. nfvl ivc muwK smwisaf qF pRIqI, sqvMq aqy guirMdr dy sMbMDF dI iqkon dI hY; bfkI sfry msly jF smwisafvF ies nfl hI juVvIaF hn. nfvl dy aMq AuWqy guirMdr dI hfdsy ivc mOq ho jFdI hY. irsLiqaF dI iqkon ivcoN do df rfh iswDf krn leI iek nUM mrvf dyx dI jugq mwDkflIn sfihqk jugqF df ihwsf hY jF bflIvuwzI iPLlmIN jugq df duhrfE. not krnXog hY ik XQfrQvfdI nfvl ivc aijhIaF jugqF dI vrqoN krnI swT sfl pihlF bMd ho cuwkI hY. ieh ilKq knyzIan-msilaF dI jfxkfrI pwKoN BfvyN iekIvIN sdI ivc hox df dfavf kry pr ies ivclf ieh njLrIaf ies nUM nfnk isMG dy dOr ivc sQfipq kr idMdf hY. lyiKkf vwloN ies jugq dI vrqoN krnf AusdI nfvlI klf-kOsLlqf qy pRsLn icMn lfAuNdf hYY.
idRsLtIkox : asl ivc guirMdr dy ijAUNdy jIa hI pRIqI vwloN sqvMq nUM apnfAux dI dlyrI ivKfAux dI ihMmq dI axhoNd ikDry lyiKkf dy avcyqn ivc peI hoeI hY BfvyN ik jLfihrf qOr qy Auh pRIqI rfhIN aOrq dI afjLfdI dI lVfeI vI lV rhI jfpdI hY. nfvlkfr dI aijhI duibDf asl c Ausdy idRsLtIkox ivclI duibDf df pRqIrUp hY. iksy nfvl jF sfihq rcnf leI muwlvfnqf vflI mMijLl pRfpqI, duibDI cfl nfl sMBv nhIN.
lyiKkf aOrq dI afjLfdI dI mwdfh hY. ies prsMg ivc Ausny pRIqI nUM suqMqr PLYsly krn df hwk dyx dI TfxI hoeI hY. pr pRIqI dI soc aqy bolF rfhIN lyiKkf dI mrd pRqI Aulfr phuMc df sihvn hI ivKflf ho jFdf hY. nfvl dIaF sqrF vyKo:
-pRIqI soc rhI sI ik ieh aOrqF nUM hI ikAuN ikr lwgy rihMdy hn? mrd kdI aOrqF dy pirvfrF leI socdy hI nhIN[ Pyr Auh afpxy afp ivwc hwsI, Joty dy isr vrgy isr ju leI iPrdy ny, ivwcoN sB KflI ny, polm-pol[ ibcfry, rwb ny vI kI Ya bxfey ny? (pMnf:221)
ikhf jf skdf hY ik ieh qF pRIqI dy bol hn pr nhIN, iehnF bolF ipwCy nfvlkfrf dI idRsLtI kfrjsLIl hY. pRIqI lyiKkf dI bulfrI hY. Aus rfhIN hI lyiKkf df njLrIaF ibafn ho irhf hY. ieh nfvl BfvyN Prst prsn sLYlI ivwc nhIN iliKaf igaf, iPr vI keI QfvF qyN pfqrF dy aYksLn rfhI ibRqfq dI QF sUqrDfrI vrnx sLurU ho jFdf hY. nfvl coN aijhI insLfndyhI nfvlkfr dy idRsLtIkox dI duibDf mMinaf jFdf hY.
pRIqI nUM afjLfd PLYsly lYx vflI aOrq bnfAux dy mksd dI pUrqI leI Aus vwloN guirMdr nUM Cwzxf qy sqvMq nfl juVnf lfjLmI hY. lyiKkf ny nfvl nUM eysy syD ivc hI qoiraf hY. lyiKkf anusfr sqvMq ipafr krn vflf ivakqI hY qy aijhy bMdy nfl juVnf sLfied pRIqI leI vDyry vfjb hovygf qy ieMJ AuhnF nUM joV ky lyiKkf dI pRIqI nUM afpxy PLYsly afp krn dI afjLfdI dyx dI qFG vI pUrI ho jfvygI. pr ies afjLfdI dI sfriQkqf AudoN hI pqf lwgxI sI jy guirMdr ijAUNdf rihMdf. lyKk dI pCfx vI eyQy hoxI sI ik do byVIaF vI sfhmxy huMdIaF qy pRIqI iek ivc hI pYr rwKx dI mfnisk jdojihd ivcoN gujLrdI ivKfeI jFdI. ies jdojihd nfl nijwTx dI QF lyiKkf ny guirMdr nUM mfr ky pfsy krn df sOKf rfh cux ilaf. kudrqI vfpiraf hfdsf ijLMdgI dI pRqIinD hkIkq df bdl nhIN ho skdf.
qxfE dI Gft: pihly kFz ivc pRIqI, sqvMq aqy guirMdr dy sMbMDF dI iqkon df isKLr isrj ky idlcsp sLurUafq qF kIqI geI hY aqy ies kFz ivc gqI vI hY qy qxfE vI pr agly hI kFz ivc isKLr qoN izwgf pfxI bVI DImI gqI nfl vgxf sLurU ho jFdf hY aqy qxfE(ijsnUM nfvl df sMgTn isDFq mMinaF jFdf hY) bhuq hI iZwlf pY jFdf hY.
ieiqhfs aqy jfxkfrI dI pRmfixkqf dI Gft vI rVkdI hY. KLfs qOr `qy pMjfb sMkt bfry clfvIaF itwpxIaF qoN lwgdf hY ik lyiKkf kyvl sfDfrn pwDr dIaF suxIaF suxfeIaF gwlF dy hvfly nfl Aus dOr df ijLkr kr rhI hY. Ausdy ibafn ivc Aus dOr df bfrIk ivsLlysLx ikqy vI AuplbD nhIN.
pwqrkfrI vyrvf: knyzf dy ieiqhfs aqy pMjfbIaF dIaF mfrIaF mwlF df vyrvf vfDU vI hY qy khfxI nfl Ausdf iswDf koeI vfsqf nhIN. ieh vyrvf iksy vI sUrq ivc nfvlI nhIN bx sikaf.
BfsLf: nfvl jflL pVHidaF pfTk mn sB qoN vwD avfjLfr aqy inrfsL iesdI BfsLf qy pkV aqy Aus pRqI njLr afAuNdy clfvyN aqy ax-klfqimk njLrIey qoN huMdf hY. vfirs dI hIr df iewk bMd surq coN hUkdf hY:

hukm mMn ky swjxF ipafiraF df, ikwsf ajb bhfr df joiVaf ey
iPkrf joV ky KUb druwsq kIqf, nvF Puwl gulfb df qoiVaf ey
bhuq jIAu dy ivwc qdbIr krky, Prhfd phfV nUM qoiVaf ey
swBf vIx ky jLyb bxfie idwqf, jyhf ieqr gulfb ncoiVaf ey] (vfirs sLfh, hIr-bMd 7vF)
(vIx ky->cux ky, jLyb->suMdr)

vfirs dy ies bMd ivwcoN sihqkfr dI BfsLf pRqI phuMc, jfgrUkqf aqy ivsLvfs zuwl-zuwl pYNdf hY. eyQy Prhfd lyKk hY ijsny BfsLf dy qysy (hiQafr) nfl mnuwKqf dy rfh coN hr Auh phfV qoVnf hY jo Aus qwk lok-pwKI sUJ dI Dfrf puwjx nhIN dy irhf. ieh Auh sUJ hY ijs ny hflfq vloN mnuwK duafly sQfipq kIqIaF geIaF dIvfrF c rOsLndfn, bfrIaF aqy bUhy lfAuxy hn[[[suJfAuxy hn, ies mfnv-kilafxI kfrj leI lyKk df jfn vrgf jfndfr hiQafr BfsLf aqy isrPL BfsLf hY. vfirs iPkrf joV ky KUb druwsq kIqf, aqy bhuq jIAu dy ivwc qdbIr krky iPkiraF rfhIN asl ivwc Aus kfrj dI insLfndyhI krdf hY jo BfsLf rfhIN nypry cVHnf hY aqy ies leI drkfr hiQafr rwj ky druwsq (cMizaf/sfx lwgf) hoxf cfhIdf hY. ijs XoDy df hiQafr hI KuMZf jF mfVf hoieaf, Ausny jMg kI ijwqxf hoieaf!
jflL dI lyiKkf kol BfsLf df hiQafr bhuq KuMZf hY. Ausny sLbdF qy muhfviraF dI vrqoN keI QfeIN aijhy kuZwby ZMg nfl kIqI hY ik eynI sInIar lyiKkf koloN iesdI afs hI nhIN kIqI jf skdI.
vfk-bxqr dy pwKoN eynIaF gLlqIaF hn ik mYN Gwto Gwt 300 gLlq vfkF `qy insLfnIaF lfeIaF hoeIaF hn. lwgdf hY ik nfvl ilK ky CpvfAux qoN pihlF nf iksy isafxy pfTk/lyKk nUM pVHfieaf igaf hY qy nf hI afp iesnUM piVHaf igaf hY, nhIN qF keI gLlqIaF df sLfied lyiKkf nUM afp hI pqf lwg jFdf. eyQy mYN apxI ies glq vfkF dI ilst coN kuJ ivafkrnk pwKoN gLlq vfk aqy AuhnF dI QF TIk vfk pysL krdf hF:

1[ hux guirMdr cMgf kmfAuNdf hY, Gr sohxf bxf ilaf hY, iesnUM Pyr B nHI pcdI[ iesnUM cfhIdf kI hY?`
(BlL nihr, sUey jF nihrI pfxI vfly KflLF ivc pfxI nfl vih ky afeI ryqlI imwtI huMdI hY(ies ivc ryq QoVHI hI huMdI hY,imwtI vwD huMdI hY pr iesdf rMg ryqIlf huMdf hY) jd ik ies vfk ivc ieh sLbd BlL dI QF Bwl hoxf cfhIdf sI.) (pMnf:283)

2[ pRIqI ny afpxy hwQ dI GVI dyKI[ (pMnf:283)
pRIqI ny GVI dyKI[(afpxy hwQ dI PLflqU BrqI hY vfk ivc)

3 sfiraF ny cfh hwsidaF ny pIqI (pMnf:282)
do vfr ny dI vrqoN vfk ivc Jol pYdf krdI hY qy gLlq hY qy vfrqk dy suhj ivc kflf Dwbf hY. AuNJ vI cfh df ivafkrnk joV pIqI ikiraf nfl bxdf hY qy cfh pIqI iekwTf afAuxf cfhIdf hY.
vfk iesqrHF ho skdf sI
sfiraF ny hwsidaF hoieaF cfh pIqI

4[ pIRqI df jyrf bwicaF nUM bfp nfloN qoVn df nhIN sI pY irhf[(pMnf:282)
pIRqI df bwicaF nUM bfp nfloN qoVn df jyrf nhIN sI pY irhf[

5[ trwk df gyVf lwg igaY jF Bfn qy not igxn df bwl af igaY[(pMnf:280)
trwk df gyVf lwg igaY jF Bfn qy not igxn df vwl af igaY[

6[ .ijnHF ivwc Kfx-pIx leI vkqI qOr `qy tybl lwgy hoey sn. (pMnf:279)
ies vfk dy awgy ipwCy zMzI hox krky ieh vfk sMpUrn vfk hY jd ik ieh mukMml arQ nhIN idMdf. vfk ivc sLurUafqI sLbd ijnHF ivc pVH ky svfl pYdf huMdf hY iknHF ivc? iesdf jvfb ies vfk ivc nhIN imldf. sMpUrn vfk ivc sMpUrn arQ hoxy cfhIdy hn. ieho hI ivafkrn df nym hY.

7[ Auh cfhuMdI sI ik qMdoqfxI dy ies PMdy ivwcoN mukq ho jfxf[(pMnf:274)
Auh cfhuMdI sI ik qMdoqfxI dy ies PMdy ivwcoN mukq ho jfvy
jF: Auh qMdoqfxI dy ies PMdy ivwcoN mukq ho jfxf cfhuMdI sI [

8[ Ausdf mn ies qrHF dI duivDf ivwc ipwClf vrHf irhf sI[ (pMnf:274)
ipwCly vrHy Ausdf mn ies qrHF dI duibDf ivwc irhf sI[

9[ gorIaF-kfIaF kuVIaF dy ijsmF nUM awKF hI awKF ivwc nfpdy-qoldy. ijs qoN fipMg krn vfly gory-kfly lok AunHF nf nrq krn lwg pey. (pMnf:267)
ijs qoN do vfkF nUM joVn dy kMm afAuNdf hY. iesqoN pihlF zMzI df ivsLrfm icMnH nhIN pY skdf. vfk hovygf:
gorIaF-kfIaF kuVIaF dy ijsmF nUM awKF hI awKF ivwc nfpdy-qoldy ijs qoN fipMg krn vfly gory-kfly lok AunHF nf nrq krn lwg pey.

10[ AunHF dy kwpiVaF df mfk AuVfAuNdy. (pMnf:267)
AunHF dy kwpiVaF df mfk AuzfAuNdy.

11[ ijhVIaF vI purfxIaF ibnYWsF bMd huMdIaF (pMnf:268)
(ibjLns puilMg hY, eyQy iesqrIilMg vjoN vriqaf igaf hY.)
ijhVy vI purfxy ibnYWs bMd huMdy

12[ aOrqF afpxI kfr GumfeI iPrdIaF. (pMnf:268)
(aOrqF bhuvcn aqy afpxI kfr iekvcn hY. bhuqIaF aOrqF iek kfr nhIN Gumf skdIaF)
aOrqF afpxIaF kfrF GumfeI iPrdIaF.

13 iewQoN qwk ik keIaF ny afpxy trwk nvyN lY ley sn. (pMnf:271)
(ivsLysLx sdf nfm qoN pihlF afAuNdf hY ikAuNik Auh nfm dI ivsLysLqf dws irhf huMdf hY; pr ies nfvl ivc lyiKkf aksr hI nfm qoN ipwCoN hI ivsLysLx dI vrqoN krdI hY)
iewQoN qwk ik keIaF ny afpxy nvyN trwk lY ley sn[

muhfviraF dI vrqoN vwl byiDafnI:
-lok aYvyN AUTF dIaF zfrF bxf lYxgy( KMBF dIaF zfrF huMdIaF ny AUTF dIaF nhIN)
-akl `qy sO GVf pfxI pY igaf(isr `qy sO GVf pfxI pYx df arQ nmosIL jF sLrimMdgI ivc zuwbxf huMdf hY, akl nfl sO GVy vflI gwl qF hfsohIxI hY. hF, akl nUM jMdrf vwjxf qF muhfvrf suixaF hY)
-sO jwuqIaF mfrIN myry mUMh `qy(sO juuwqIaF mfrIN myry isr `c hoxf cfhIdf hY)
-jfdU dI puVI(jfdU dI CVI, muhfvrf huMdf hY)
- cwpf cwpf krky boJ lwdxf( cwpf imxqI df pYmfnf ho skdf hY, qol df nhIN)
- ZucrF nf kr(muhfvrf hY: ZucrF nf zfh)
-ijsm ivc kIVIaF jlfAux lwg pYNdIaF (ijsm ivc kIVIaF lVn lwg pYNdIaF, huMdIaF hn )
-asIN kI mUMh mwQf ivKfvFgy(muhfvrf hY:asIN kI mUMh ivKfvFgy. mwQf vfDU hY. jdoN mUMh ivKfeIey qF mwQf sLfiml hY. nhIN qy iPr ieh vI qF ikhf jf skdf hY ik asIN kI mUMh, mwQf, Bwrvwty idKfvFgy)

sLbdF dI vrqoN vwl byiDafnI: (brYktF c shI sLbd dy irhf hF)
alfmq(lyiKkf iesnUM hr vfr qy anyk vfr aYb nsLy jF iksy burI afdq dy arQF ivc vrqdI hY, jd ik alfmq df Bfv ichn huMdf hY)
bIh(vIh),ijmy(ijvyN) suibDf(suivDf),ivcIN(ivcoN),bfsLrUm(vfsLrUm), bDfAuxf(vDfAuxf), hflfqF(hflfq huMdf hY jF hflqF),mDol ho gey(mDoly gey),dwb ho gey(dwby gey),bVyvyN(vVyvyN),mIlF vwDI(mIlF bwDI)
-pMjfbI dy hor bhuq sfry lyKkF vFg, jflL dI lyiKkf mjbUr, mjbUrI jF bfvjUd sLbdF dy pYrF ivc ibMdI pf idMdI hY, jo asloN gLlq hY. mjLbUr(mjbUr), mjLbUrI(mjbUrI), bfvjLUd(bfvjUd). ibrqFqk ibafn ivc hmysLF kyNdrI pMjfbI dI vrqoN hoxI cfhIdI hY.

sLbdF vI vrqoN bfry keI lyKk ieh vI dlIl idMdy hn ik jI ieh sfzI KyqrI bolI df lihjLf hY. asIN ievyN hI boldy hF. ilKq dy sMdrB c ieh dlIl AudoN qIk hI vfjb hY jdoN qIk aijhI sLbd vrqoN pfqrF dy sMvfdF df ihwsf hovy pr Auprokq sfry sLbd mYN Auh idwqy hn ijwQy jF qF Kud lyiKkf boldI hY jF iPr Aus vloN iksy pfqr dI mn-bcnI ibafn ho rhI hY. myrI sinmr dlIl hY ik, tksflI (kyNdrI) BfsLf nUM mFj-sMvfr ky ilsLkf ky rwKxf lyKk dI pihlI ijMLmyvfrI hY. lyKk ny qF sgoN BfsLf c hor klfqimk vfDy krny huMdy hn pr ievyN sLbdF vloN byiDafnI nfl qF Auh sLbd vI gMDlf jfxgy jo sfPL-shI aqy tksflI rUp c pRfpq hn.
jflL nfvl coN klfqimk puKqgI dy pRmuwK afDfrF dI Auprokq pux-Cfx ies nfvl nUM klfqimkqf pwKoN byhwd kmjLor rcnf iswD krdI hY. ibRqFq isrijaf igaf hY pr Aus ivclf idRsLtIkox duibDf df isLkfr hox kfrn iksy pRgqIsLIl inrxy qy nhIN puwj sikaf. XQfrQ dI hU-b-hU ibafnI rfhIN ies nfvl c pysL pfqr iksy qrF df vI rol-mfzl sQfipq nhIN kr sky[[[cyiqaF c itk nf sky aqy XQfrQ mihjL a-klfqimk sLIsLy df bx ky rih igaf. BfsLf rfhIN iPkry qF joVy gey pr AuhnF nUM KUb druwsq krn dI klfqimk joKoN nhIN AuTfeI geI, ijsdy PlsrUp nfvlkfr df BfsLf-hiQafr KuMZf rih igaf aqy iksy vI phfVI nUM Prhfd vFg kwt nf sikaf. iksy vI sPLl klfqimk rcnf vFg nfvl df vI mIrI gux iehI huMdf hY ik afKrI sPLf pVHn mgroN ikqfb bMd kridaF pfTk dI surq-ibrq ivwc ikhVy nvyN sUJ pfsfry huMdy hn. Aus nUM jo XQfrQ smkflI smfj coN pRfpq hY Aus nUM Auh nfvl duafrf suJfeI nvIN jIvn-idRsLtI/sMkyq/Cuh rfhIN,ikvyN mnuwKqf leI hor ankUl aqy kudrqI bxf skdf hY, pr nfvl jflL nUM afKrI sPLy qIk pVHky iesnUM bMd krn AuprMq aijhf kuJ nhIN vfprdf.

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